Jean-Gilles Malliarakis

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Jean-Gilles Malliarakis (born 22 June 1944 in Paris) is a Greek-French far-right politician and writer. He is the son of noted painter 'Mayo' (Antoine Malliarakis) and was educated at the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris.

Early career[edit]

Malliarakis first came to attention in the Jeunes indépendants de Paris, the Parisian arm of the National Centre of Independents and Peasants where in the 1950s members included Jean-Marie Le Pen and the self-described Nazi Charles Luca.[1] He then joined the likes of François Duprat and Pierre Vial as part of a new generation of extreme nationalists who were the first of their kind to have no affinity with Vichy France in Jeune Nation.[2] Later he became an activist in Pierre Sidos' group Occident and was a regular writer for their newspaper Le Soleil.[3] However an internal dispute saw him expelled from the group in November 1967.[4] He linked up again with Le Pen following the formation of the Front National (FN), although he split from this movement in 1977 as he felt that it was not radical enough.[5] He also ran a Parisian bookshop that specialised in Holocaust denial material through much of his career.[6]

National revolutionary[edit]

In 1979 he became the leader of the Mouvement Nationaliste Révolutionnaire, a group formed by a fusion of his own Group Action-Jeunesse, the Groupes Nationalistes Rrévolutionnaires de Base and the Lutte du Peuple of Christian Bouchet. This new group was neo-fascist, leaned to the left economically and supported close co-operation between the peoples of Europe.[7] The group changed its name to Troisième voie with Malliarakis remaining as leader. However he lost some influence in 1991 when Bouchet and his followers split off to form Nouvelle Résistance after Malliarakis had opposed their policy of entryism into the FN.[8]

He has been associated with the Nouvelle Droite tendency through his leftist, Europeanist, neo-fascist activity. Malliarakis has personally declared an admiration for the regime of Benito Mussolini[9] whilst also insisting that he is an "orthodox pagan".[10] He has also been at the forefront of opposition to the influence of Freemasonry in France.[11]

Recent activity[edit]

In 1991, whilst running the Ile-de-France branch of the Poujadist syndicate the Confédération de défense des commerçants et artisans, Malliarakis rejoined the FN himself.[12] He has since faded somewhat from frontline politics although until 2007 he presented a fortnightly show, Libre Journal, on right-wing radio station Radio Courtoisie. However he ended his broadcasts following the death of station founder Jean Ferré.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.G. Shields, The Extreme Right in France: From Pétain to Le Pen, p. 67
  2. ^ Shields, The Extreme Right in France, 2007, p. 97
  3. ^ Steve Bastow & James Martin, Third Way Discourse: European Ideologies in the Twentieth Century, 2003, p. 101
  4. ^ Frédéric Charpier, Génération Occident. De l'extrême droite à la droite, Éditions du Seuil, 2005, encart photographique n°2
  5. ^ Shields, The Extreme Right in France, p. 181
  6. ^ Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens, Warner Books, 1998, p. 369
  7. ^ Roger Griffin & Matthew Feldman, Fascism: Post-war Fascisms, 2004, p. 273
  8. ^ Griffin & Feldman, Fascism, p. 275
  9. ^ Pierre Milza, L'Europe en chemise noire. Les extrêmes droites en Europe de 1945 à aujourd'hui, Flammarion, p. 142.
  10. ^ Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens, Warner Books, 1998, p. 369
  11. ^ J-G Malliarakis, 'À propos du nouvel antimaçonnisme', Terre et Peuple, no. 26, Winter 2005, p. 39-40
  12. ^ Richard Joseph Golsan, Fascism's Return, 1998, p. 38