Jean-Marie Loret

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Jean-Marie Loret (born 18 or 25 March 1918 in Seboncourt near Saint-Quentin in Picardy; died 1985 in Saint-Quentin) was a French railway worker who claimed to be Adolf Hitler's illegitimate son. According to Loret, in 1948 his mother revealed to him shortly before her death that the "unknown German soldier" with whom she'd had an affair during World War I was Adolf Hitler.

His claim was backed by German historian Werner Maser, who brought the claim to first public attention in 1977 newspapers followed by a February 1978 Zeitgeschichte magazine article.[1] Loret published his own autobiography, Ton père s'appelait Hitler [Your Father's name was Hitler] in 1981.

However, the dominant view, as represented by historians such as Anton Joachimsthaler,[2] Timothy Ryback, and Sir Ian Kershaw,[3] is that Hitler's paternity of Loret is unlikely or impossible.

Biography[edit]

Jean-Marie Loret was born illegitimately in 1918 in Seboncourt as Jean-Marie Lobjoie. His mother was Charlotte Eudoxie Alida Lobjoie (1898–1951), the daughter of the local butcher and his wife, they being Louis Joseph Alfred Lobjoie and Marie Flore Philomène (née Colpin). According to the entry in the birth registry of his home town, Loret's father was an unidentified German soldier from World War I. Since Adolf Hitler had stayed in the localities of Seclin, Fournes, Wavrin, and Ardooie in the years 1916 and 1917, and according to eyewitnesses is supposed to have had a relationship with Charlotte, Hitler's paternity of Loret became the subject of discussion on various occasions.

Charlotte Lobjoie's profession, according to various sources, was "dancer", though it is unclear whether she was one in 1916/1917. She appears to have taken up this profession only after she moved to Paris, some months after the birth of Jean-Marie, which was after the withdrawal of the Germans from France. Jean-Marie lived for his first seven years in the household of his grandparents, from whom Charlotte broke off all contact after her move to Paris. On 22 May 1922 Charlotte married lithographer Clément Loret, who declared he would support his new wife's illegitimate son, though he had at that point never met the boy, and that he would allow the boy to bear his own last name. According to Loret, his grandparents had "treated him badly." After their deaths in 1925 (grandfather) and 1926 (grandmother), his aunt, Alice Lobjoie, worked to have her nephew adopted by the family of the wealthy construction magnate Frizon from Saint Quentin. From then on, the boy attended, one after the other, two Catholic boarding schools, in Cambrai and Saint Quentin.

In 1936, Jean-Marie entered into military service and was promoted in subsequent years, ultimately reaching the rank of staff sergeant. He later occupied himself for some years as a businessman until 1948, when he had to give up that profession due to insolvency.

According to Loret, even as a child he knew that he was the son of a German soldier, but he had no clue as to the identity of his father. Years later he claimed that in 1948 his mother revealed to him, shortly before her death, that the said soldier had in fact been Adolf Hitler.[4]

During World War II Loret worked as chargé de mission with the French police in Saint-Quentin, Aisne. He allegedly got this post accorded to him at Hitler's personal command, though there is no concrete evidence to support this claim. Claims that he had collaborated with Gestapo units stationed in France in this capacity are also unproven. However, after the war, no trial for collaboration was held against him, which speaks against the claim. This is explained by Loret in various sources by claiming that Hitler had any and all material on Loret destroyed. It should be noted that Loret was considered to be rather average and not overly diligent, so that it would appear rather unusual for him to have earned himself so high a post entirely by his own merit while under the age of 25.

Loret was married at least once and had nine children. Some sources maintain that his wife separated from him in 1948 when she learned of his family heritage. In later newspaper articles on Loret, a wife by the name of "Muguette" is mentioned, who was supposedly living with him at the point in time when these articles were being written. But it remains unclear whether "Muguette" was a second wife or an unmarried new partner, or whether she was the mother of his children and had come back to him, or whether she had never even left him at all.

On 7 June 1978, during public discussion of the controversy, historian Werner Maser moved Loret to his own house in Speyer, Germany, in order to seclude him from the intense scrutiny of the press at Loret's home in Saint-Quentin. While there, the two visited several places including the former concentration camp at Dachau, on which occasion Loret is supposed to have said "I didn't choose my father."

Maser took Loret with him as he traveled around the world to lecture on the subject of Loret's parentage, even bringing him to Tokyo, in order to encourage Loret to give interviews, but the Frenchman appeared rather reserved regarding giving interviews.

Finally, in 1979, Loret and Maser had a falling-out, and broke off with one another.[5] Subsequently, Loret, in collaboration with René Mathot, published his autobiography, Ton père s'appelait Hitler [Your Father's name was Hitler] (Paris, 1981).

The Loret-Hitler connection[edit]

The story of "Hitler's son" was first revealed to the public in the 1970s, most prominently in various illustrated magazines such as Bunte, but also in more reputable publications, such as the historical journal Zeitgeschichte[1] and the news magazine Der Spiegel. The latter published the most influential story on Loret to date under the title "Love in Flanders".[6]

The ultimate origin of the story of Hitler's son, at first spread only by word of mouth, was until then not determined, although written accounts maintaining that the illegitimate son of a French girl and a German soldier was Hitler's son had already been around for a fairly long time in Loret's hometown when Loret became known to German historian Werner Maser. Whether the rumors had been put out into the world by Loret himself or by others has never been determined.

Maser maintained that he had heard of a reputed son of Hitler for the first time in 1965 while doing research in Wavrin and surrounding cities. He followed up on these reports, met Loret in the process, and was able to convince him to let the story be published. Thenceforth, Maser exerted great effort to gather evidence to support it, although historians including Anton Joachimsthaler[2] have criticised this, alleging that Maser was subordinating the scholarly pursuit of truth in order to pursue commercial motives such as sensationalism and enjoyment of scandal.

According to Maser's portrayal, the Loret-Hitler connection occurred as follows: Hitler had met Charlotte Lobjoie in 1916 in the city of Wavrin, in the German-occupied part of France, while stationed there as a soldier, and had begun a romantic relationship with her. Loret had been conceived in the summer of 1917 in Ardooie or, according to other sources, in the fall of 1917 in Le Ceteau. The latter scenario is the less likely variant since it would require a premature birth.

Maser wrote in his Hitler biography on the relationship of Hitler and Lobjoie:

At the beginning of 1916 the young woman had met the German soldier Adolf Hitler for the first time. She stayed first in Premont, allowed herself to fall into a sexual relationship with him, and followed him until autumn 1917 to, among other places, Seboncourt, Forunes, Wavrin and Noyelles-lès-Seclin in Northern France – and, in May, June and July 1917, also to Ardooie in Belgium (p. 528).

The critics of this account pointed out that Maser had no evidence of this beyond Loret's own claims, which were secondhand at best.

A genetic certification of his biological inheritance, done at the University of Heidelberg, resulted in the findings that "at best, Loret could be Hitler's son", but that he need not be such.

Maser claimed that evidence for Hitler's paternity included Charlotte Lobjoie's commitment to a French sanatorium (allegedly at Hitler's instruction) after the German invasion of France, and a protracted interrogation of Loret by the Gestapo in the Hotel Lutetia, the Gestapo headquarters in Paris, as well as Loret's alleged collaboration with the Gestapo as a policeman.

Maser's questioning of Alice Lobjoie, Loret's aunt and Charlotte's sister, whom he had wanted to bring into play as "crown witness" for his claim, rendered, instead, a negative result: Alice Lobjoie stated that her sister had indeed entertained a love relationship with a German soldier, but she disputed vehemently that this soldier had been Adolf Hitler. She stated that she could remember the man's face quite well and knew that this face had no resemblance to Hitler's. In addition, she stated for the record:

"Jean is a nutcase. Only the Germans talked up that Hitler story to him."[7]

Maser later attempted to minimize Lobjoie's statements in more recent editions of his book Hitler, pointing out the aunt's alleged anger at her nephew.

In addition to Alice Lobjoie's assertion, critics of Maser's thesis, such as historian Joachimsthaler, among others, introduced into the debate testimonials from Hitler's war comrades, who, in their recollections of Hitler in the First World War, unanimously noted that he was absolutely against any relationships between German soldiers and French women. Balthasar Brandmayer for example, in his 1932 memoir Two Dispatch-Runners, reported that Hitler had reacted in the most violent terms against the intent of his regiment-mates to get involved with French girls and had reproached them for having "no German sense of honour".[8]

In addition, the critics asserted logical inconsistencies in Maser's story: that it is highly improbable that any soldier in the war, let alone a private ranking low in the military hierarchy, would have been able to take a lover with him through all the relocations of his regiment, as Hitler had done with Lobjoie, according to Maser's account. Free movement would scarcely have been possible in the occupied areas, and having Charlotte travelling along with the regiment is very doubtful.

During the course of the 1979 Aschaffenburger Historians' Moot, Maser at first kept quiet on the matter. Finally, in his own contribution to the discussion, he abruptly declared a possible illegitimate son of Hitler to be a marginal matter.[9] Joachimsthaler designated this Maser's "own private end goal".

The Daily Express claimed, in an article dated 15 February 1985, that a portrait of Loret's mother had been found, after Hitler's death, among the latter's possessions, but had no evidence for this claim. In point of fact, a portrait done by Adolf Hitler in the year 1916 that purportedly depicted Charlotte Lobjoie with head-scarf and with fork in hand was tracked to a Belgian entrepreneur in the 1960s and was published in an issue of the journal Panorama at the beginning of the 1970s. It is therefore unlikely that this same portrait was found among Hitler's possessions in 1945. One should in this case trace the origin of the claim to a misunderstanding.

In more recent time Maser reaffirmed in an interview with the extreme right-wing-oriented National-Zeitung that he stood by his thesis, just as before, and he maintained Loret "was unambiguously Hitler's son", and that this had been "acknowledged in France on the part of officials". The 12th edition of his book Adolf Hitler: Legend, Myth, Reality—according to Maser, the most translated Hitler biography in the world—contains a comprehensive appendix on this subject.

Genetic evidence[edit]

In 2008 the Belgian journalist Jean-Paul Mulders travelled to Germany, Austria, France and the United States to collect DNA of the Lorets and of the last living relatives of Hitler in Austria and on Long Island. By comparing the DNA, Mulders claimed proof that Jean-Marie Loret was not the son of Adolf Hitler. The results of his research were published in Het Laatste Nieuws,[10] Belgium's largest newspaper. In February 2009 a book on this subject was published by Herbig Verlag in Munich: Auf der Suche nach Hitlers Sohn – Eine Beweisaufnahme. The news was picked up by several international media outlets, including Daily Mail, USA Today, Bild, Hürriyet, and China Daily.

On 17 February 2012, the French magazine Le Point described new developments,[11] reporting that a study by the University of Heidelberg showed Hitler and Loret were of the same blood group and that another study showed they had similar handwriting. The article also stated that official German Army paperwork proves officers brought envelopes of cash to Miss Lobjoie during the World War II occupation, and that a revised edition of Loret's book Your Father’s Name is Hitler was set to be published with the new evidence. The magazine also described a suggestion by the family’s lawyer that they may be able to claim royalties from Hitler’s Mein Kampf. The article was repeated in similar form that day in other international newspapers such as The Daily Telegraph[12] and the National Post.[13]

It has also been reported[citation needed] that a grandson has criticised Muldars' 2008 study, alleging that DNA samples of the relatives of Hitler were taken from napkins.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maser, Werner (February 1978). "Adolf Hitler: Vater eines Sohnes ("Adolf Hitler: Father of a Son")". Zeit Geschichte, February 1978, pp. 173–202. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Joachimsthaller, Anton. Korrektur einer Biographie. Adolf Hitler, 1908–1920 [Emendation of a Biography. Adolf Hitler, 1908–1920], Munich, 1989, pp. 162–64. 
  3. ^ Kershaw, Ian. Hitler-Biography; Vol. 1, note 116 to Chapter 3. 
  4. ^ Autobiographie [Autobiography], pp. 127–149
  5. ^ Brief Lorets an Frau Christine Schroeder vom 21. Juli 1979 [Loret's letter to Frau Christine Schroeder of 21 July 1979], contained in Frau Schroeder's bequest.
  6. ^ Der Spiegel, issue 45, 1977.
  7. ^ Joachimsthaler: Korrektur [Emendation], p. 62.
  8. ^ Brandmayer, Balthasar. Zwei Meldegänger. Mitgeteilt von Hein Bayer [Balthasar Brandmayer: Two Dispatch-Runners, as told by Hein Bayer], Bruckmühl 1932, p. 103. 
  9. ^ Die Zeit p.28, June 7, 1978.
  10. ^ "Hitler had geen joods bloed en geen Franse zoon". Het Laatste Nieuws. 2008-04-28. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  11. ^ "Le fils français caché d'Adolf Hitler". Le Point. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Allen, Peter (17 February 2012). "Hitler had son with French teen". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  13. ^ Wordsworth, Araminta (17 February 2012). "Is Jean-Marie Loret Hitler's long-lost son?". National Post. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 

Literature[edit]

  • Marc Vermeeren, "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889–1907 en zijn familie en voorouders". Soesterberg, 2007, 420 blz. Uitgeverij Aspekt. ISBN = 978-90-5911-606-1
  • Jean Loret: Ton père s'appelait Hitler [Your Father Was Named Hitler], Paris, 1981.
  • Donald M. McKale: Hitler's Children: A Study of Postwar Mythology, in: The Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 15, issue 1 (1981), p. 46.

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from the permanent link this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.