Jean-Nicolas Lemmens

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Jean-Nicolas Lemmens (also Joannes Nicolaas Lemmens or Joannes Nicolaus Lemmens) (Schimmert, 3 June 1850 - Cobán (Guatemala), 10 August 1897) was a Dutch Catholic priest and Bishop of Victoria, Vancouver Island, Canada.[1] He was a strong supporter of the British Columbian organised labour movement.

Family[edit]

Jean-Nicolas Lemmens was born the son of Godfried Lemmens and Gertrude Bemelmans, within a large Dutch Roman Catholic, family originating from the Beek-Schimmert area in the southern Netherlands.

His family produced a number of catholic priests, including his brother, Hendrik Lemmens, also a priest in Victoria, Canada, and Guillaume Lemmens (1884-1960), Bishop of Roermond in the Netherlands.

Career[edit]

Lemmens studied at the American College in Louvain, Belgium, which was founded in 1857. He then moved, with his brother, to Vancouver Island, Canada.[2]

After the murder of Monseigneur Seghers in 1888 he was appointed Bishop of Victoria.[3][4] He laid the foundation stone of St. Andrew's Cathedral in 1890, which can still be seen near the side entrance. On 30 October 1892 he consecrated the Cathedral.[5]

During the early 1890s, Lemmens actively encouraged local Catholics to join labour organisations (including the forerunner to the British Columbia Federation of Labour which had been established in 1890) and to unite with other citizens to press, "for better working conditions". He is considered as one of the earliest supporters of organised labour in British Columbia.[6][7]

Lemmens travelled to Guatemala in June, July and August 1897 owing to the "prolonged exile" of local Archbishop Casanova. During his travels he often wrote detailed letters to his parents in the Netherlands. While there he confirmed 15,000 local Catholics. However, he contracted dysentery and died on 10 August.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Bishop Jean-Nicolas Lemmens
  2. ^ The American College's contributions by John A. Dick (National Catholic Reporter, 1 December 2010)
  3. ^ The Apostle of Alaska: life of the Most Reverend Charles John Seghers by Maurice de Baets (St. Anthony Guild Press, 1943)
  4. ^ GCatholic.org: Jean-Nicolas Lemmens
  5. ^ Well and Truly Laid: Ceremony of Laying the Foundation Stone of the New St. Andrew's Church (Victoria Daily Colonist, 8 March 1889 - archive)
  6. ^ Victoria: DeMers to de Roo by Patrick Jamieson (Ekstasis Editions, 1997)
  7. ^ Bishop Lemmens Cited for Supporting Labour Unions (The Torch, December 1952)
  8. ^ The Deceased Prelate (Victoria Daily Colonist, 23 September 1897)
Preceded by
Charles John Seghers
Bishop of Victoria
1888 - 1897
Succeeded by
Alexander Christie