Jean-Pierre Jabouille

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Jean-Pierre Jabouille
Festival automobile international 2012 - Photocall - Jean-Pierre Jabouille - 010.jpg
Jabouille in 2012
Born (1942-10-01) 1 October 1942 (age 72)
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality France French
Active years 1974 - 1975, 1977 - 1981
Teams Williams, Surtees, Tyrrell, Renault, Ligier
Races 55 (49 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 2
Podiums 2
Career points 21
Pole positions 6
Fastest laps 0
First race 1974 French Grand Prix
First win 1979 French Grand Prix
Last win 1980 Austrian Grand Prix
Last race 1981 Spanish Grand Prix

Jean-Pierre Alain Jabouille[1] (born October 1, 1942, Paris, France) is a former French racing driver. He raced in 55 Formula One Grands Prix, collecting two wins during the first years of Renault's turbocharged programme in the 1970s. Jabouille also raced the 24 Hours of Le Mans from the late 1960s to the early 1990s, driving for Alpine, Matra, Sauber and Peugeot and collecting four 3rd overall finishes in 1973, 1974, 1992 and 1993. Jabouille was one of the last of a breed of Formula One drivers who were also engineers.

Biography[edit]

Jabouille's Renault RS01 and helmet on display at the Deutsches Museum.
Jabouille in 1975

Jabouille first made his mark in French Formula Three in 1967, and continued in 1968, maintaining the car himself on his way to the runner's up spot behind François Cevert. For 1969 he was contracted as a development driver by Alpine, having several disjointed runs in Formula Two and sports cars. In 1973 he co-drove a Matra to 3rd at the Le Mans 24 Hours, and repeated this feat in 1974, when he also won the Formula Two race at Hockenheim, and finished as runner-up in the European 2-litre series for Alpine. He also made his first appearances in Formula One, failing to qualify a Williams at the French Grand Prix, and a Surtees at the Austrian Grand Prix.

1975 saw Jabouille sever his ties with Alpine, and gain Elf backing to make his own Formula Two chassis. He finished runner-up to Jacques Laffite, but finally made his full Grand Prix debut, finishing 12th in a works Tyrrell at the French Grand Prix. For 1976 he concentrated on Formula Two, finally winning the title.

Jabouille was signed up by Formula One team Renault to develop their new 1.5l turbocharged engine for 1977. The RS01 car debuted at the 1977 British Grand Prix, but initially the turbo engine (a first for Formula One) was fragile and suffered from severe turbo lag, making it difficult to drive on tight circuits. However, Jabouille persevered, recording several notable qualifying positions in 1978, and landed the marque's first points with 4th place at the United States Grand Prix East.

1979 saw Renault expand to run a second car for René Arnoux. Jabouille secured Renault's first Formula One pole at the South African Grand Prix, and then won their first victory, fittingly at the French Grand Prix, also from pole. This was the first victory for a turbocharged car in Formula One. He took two more poles, at the German and Italian Grands Prix, but poor reliability meant the win was his only score.

In 1980 Jabouille took two more poles, and another win at the Austrian Grand Prix. However, a suspension failure in the Canadian Grand Prix left him with a broken leg, just after he had signed with Ligier for 1981.

His injuries saw him sit out the first two races of the 1981 season, but it soon became clear he wasn't fully fit, failing to qualify for two of his four attempts, at which point he decided to retire from Formula One, and he then became manager of the Ligier/Talbot team in 1982.

Jabouille returned in the mid-1980s to drive in the French Supertouring Championship, before joining Peugeot to help develop their sports car programme at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, culminating in a third place in 1992 and 1993. In 1994 he succeeded Jean Todt as director of Peugeot Sport, but unsuccessful seasons for the marque in association with McLaren and Jordan saw him sacked in 1995. Since then he has run his own sports car team in the ISRS.

Racing record[edit]

Complete European Formula Two Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Pos Pts
1970 Constructions Mécaniques Pygmée Pygmée MDB15 Cosworth THR
DNQ
HOC
BAR
11
PAL
PER
8†
TUL
IMO
DNQ
HOC
DNS
16th 2
1971 Equipe Tecno Elf Tecno TF71 Ford HOC
Ret
THR
NÜR
JAR
DNQ
PAL
DNQ
ROU
DNS
MAN
TUL
ALB
DNQ
VAL
VAL
0
1972 Elf Coombs Racing March 722 Ford MAL
Ret
THR
HOC
IMO
Ret
MAN
2
PER
Ret
14th 7
Elf 2 PAU
DNQ
PAL
HOC
ROU
DNS
ZEL
Ret
SAL
9
ALB
Ret
HOC
10†
1973 Elf Coombs Racing Elf 2 Ford MAL
HOC
THR
Ret
NÜR
Ret
PAU
KIN
NIV
HOC
ROU
DNS
MNZ
MAN
Ret
KAR
PER
Ret
SAL
NOR
ALB
5†
VAL
24th 3
1974 Ecurie Elf Elf 2 BMW BAR
3
HOC
PAU
4
SAL
Ret
HOC
1
MUG
7
KAR
PER
HOC
3
VAL
Ret
4th 20
1975 Equipe Elf Switzerland Elf 2J BMW EST
8
THR
5
HOC
Ret
NÜR
4
PAU
2
HOC
Ret
SAL
1
ROU
Ret
MUG
Ret
PER
Ret
SIL
Ret
ZOL
Ret
NOG
3
VAL
5th 24
1976 Equipe Elf Switzerland Elf 2J Renault HOC
Ret
THR
14
VAL
1
SAL
6
PAU
3†
HOC
4†
ROU
2
MUG
1
PER
4
EST
2
NOG
Ret
HOC
1
1st 53

Drivers who finished ahead of Jabouille but were ineligible for points so Jabouille scored more points than the position he finished.

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Pts.
1974 Frank Williams Racing Cars Iso Marlboro FW Ford Cosworth DFV V8 ARG
BRA
RSA
ESP
BEL
MON
SWE
NED
FRA
DNQ
GBR
GER
NC 0
Team Surtees Surtees TS16 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 AUT
DNQ
ITA
CAN
USA
1975 Elf Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 007 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 ARG
BRA
RSA
ESP
MON
BEL
SWE
NED
FRA
12
GBR
GER
AUT
ITA
USA
NC 0
1977 Equipe Renault Elf Renault RS01 Renault V6t ARG BRA RSA USW ESP MON BEL SWE FRA GBR
Ret
GER AUT NED
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
CAN
DNQ
JPN NC 0
1978 Equipe Renault Elf Renault RS01 Renault V6t ARG
BRA
RSA
Ret
USW
Ret
MON
10
BEL
NC
ESP
13
SWE
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
NED
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
4
CAN
12
17th 3
1979 Equipe Renault Elf Renault RS01 Renault V6t ARG
Ret
BRA
10
RSA
Ret
USW
DNS
13th 9
Renault RS10 Renault V6t ESP
Ret
BEL
Ret
MON
NC
FRA
1
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
NED
Ret
ITA
14
CAN
Ret
USA
Ret
1980 Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE20 Renault V6t ARG
Ret
BRA
Ret
RSA
Ret
USW
10
BEL
Ret
MON
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
1
NED
Ret
ITA
Ret
CAN
Ret
USA
8th 9
1981 Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS17 Matra V12 USW
BRA
ARG
DNQ
SMR
NC
BEL
Ret
MON
DNQ
ESP
Ret
FRA
GBR
GER
AUT
NED
ITA
CAN
CPL
NC 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ FIA Year Book of Automobile Sport 1976. Patrick Stephens Ltd. white p. 38. ISBN 0-85059-229-1. 
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Jacques Laffite
European Formula Two
Champion

1976
Succeeded by
René Arnoux