LaFouge was born in 1944 in Champagne, France. He studied philosophy at Nancy and taught philosophy in several lycées in France and in Morocco from 1962-1976. His academic career took him to the United States where he obtained a Ph.D. in French literature in 1986 from Indiana University, specializing in nineteenth- and seventeenth-century French and Orientalist Literature.
He is the author of several articles dealing with the relationship between art, Orientalism, philosophy and literature. LaFouge has also published a book on Eugène Fromentin, one on Jesuit spirituality, and worked on the revision of French to English translations of the writings of Traditionalist writer Frithjof Schuon.