Jean-René Saulière

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Jean-René Saulière (also René Saulière) (Bordeaux, September 6, 1911- January 2, 1999) was a French anarcho-pacifist, individualist anarchist[1] and freethought writer and militant who went under the pseudonym André Arru.[2][3][4]

Biography[edit]

Arru was born in Bordeaux in September 6, 1911.[4] In 1914 his family moves to Paris.[4] When he was 20 years old he enters obligatory military service with anti-militarist positions.[4] In 1933 he assists to a conference by prominent French orator and militant Sébastien Faure which he describes in his own words as a "revelation" and afterwards he embraces anarchism and starts to participate in anarchist groups.[4] During 1938 et 1939 he participates in solidarity with anti-fascist sides of the Spanish Civil War and in 1939 he starts his activities as an orator and writer with a conference on Max Stirner and his book The Ego and His Own, an author which will influence his thought profoundly.[4]

When World War II starts Andre Arru went underground, changing his name from Saulière to Arru and moving from Bordeaux to Marseilles. He helped form an anarchist group alongside the prominent exile Russian anarchist Voline and participated inside the French resistance movement.[3] After the war Arru became the general secretary for the French section of International Antifascist Solidarity.[3][3] In the 1950s he participates in the establishment of the francophone Anarchist Federation.[1][5]

In addition to his pacifist militancy, he was an active organizer of the publications Libre Pensée and the quarterly review (1969-1980) La libre pensée des Bouches-du-Rhône.[3] During the late 1950s he establishes inside the Fédération des Libres Penseurs des Bouches du Rhône, the Group Francisco Ferrer[6] and in 1959 he joins the Union des Pacifistes de France (Union of Pacifists of France).[6] From 1968 to 1982, Arru alongside the members of the Group Francisco Ferrer publishes La Libre Pensée des Bouches du Rhône.[6] This publication included writings by authors such as Charles-Auguste Bontemps, Giovanni Baldelli, Jean Champagne, Jeanne Humbert, Albert Joël, Imbert-Nergal, Roger Monclin, Alain Kersauze, Albert Potvin, and Francis Ronsin.[6]

Arru was a member, since 1983, of the organization ADMD (Association pour le Droit à Mourir dans la Dignité) (Association for the Right to a Death with Dignity) which campaigned for voluntary euthanasia.[6] He ended his life voluntarily, at age 87.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Le courant individualiste, qui avait alors peu de rapport avec les théories de Charles-Auguste Bontemps, est une tendance représentée à l’époque par Georges Vincey et avec des nuances par A.Arru" "Pensée et action des anarchistes en France : 1950–1970" by Cédric GUÉRIN at the Wayback Machine (archived September 30, 2007)
  2. ^ ""ARRU, André (SAULIÈRE Jean, René, Gaston dit)" at Dictionaire des Militants Anarchistes". Militants-anarchistes.info. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f ""André Arru (aka Jean-René Sauliere)" at "The Anarchist Encyclopedia: A Gallery of Saints & Sinners"". Recollectionbooks.com. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Courte biographie (1ère partie)". Raforum.info. 1948-08-27. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  5. ^ "Il avait contribué à la reconstitution de la Fédération Anarchiste après l’affaire Fontenis.""Courte biographie (1ère partie)"
  6. ^ a b c d e "Courte biographie (2ème partie)". Raforum.info. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sylvie Knoerr-Saulière et Francis Kaigre. René Saulière dit André Arru, un individualiste solidaire (1911-1999). Marseille. Les Amis d’André Arru-Libre pensée autonome des Bouches-du-Rhône et Centre international de recherches sur l’anarchisme, 2004.

External links[edit]