He was born in Toulon. His father, Jean Aicard, was a journalist of some distinction, and the son began his career in 1867 with Les Jeunes Croyances, followed in 1870 by a one-act play produced at the Marseille theatre.
His poems include: Les Rebellions et les apaisements (1871); Poèmes de Provence (1874), and La Chanson de l'enfant (1876), both of which were crowned by the Academy; Miette et Noré (1880), a Provençal idyll; Le Livre d'heures de l'amour (1887); Jésus (1896). Of his plays the most successful was Le Père Lebonnard (1890), which was originally produced at the Théâtre Libre. Among his other works are the novels, Le Roi de Camargue (1890), L'Ame d'un enfant (1898) and Tata (1901), Benjamine (1906) and La Vénus de Milo (1874); an account of the discovery of the statue from unpublished documents.
He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1909.
- Les Rebellions et les apaisements (1871)
- Les Poèmes de Provence (1874)
- La Chanson des enfants (1876)
- Miette et Note (1880)
- Lemartine (1883) which received the prize of the Académie française
- Le Livre d'heures de l'amour (1887)
- Jésus (1896))
- La Vénus de Milo (1874)
- Le Roi de Camargue (1890)
- Notre-Dame-d'Amour (1896), online at: 
- L'Âme d'un enfant (1898)
- Tatas (1901)
- Benjamine (1906)
- Maurin des Maures (1908)
- L'illustre Maurin (1908)
- Dramatic works for stage
- Pygmalion (1878)
- Othello ou le More de Venise (1881)
- Le Père Lebonnard (1889)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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