Jean Audard

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Jean Audard (20 March 1913 - 19 March 1998) was a French poet and critic.

Life[edit]

Jean Audard was the brother of the Surrealist poet Pierre Audard (1909-1981).[citation needed] In the late 1920s, he cofounded a poetry magazine Rationale (1928-1930) with other young poets, as well as founding Zarathoustra, a more philosophical journal.[1] Around this time he became a correspondent of Oscar Milosz.[2]

In the 1930s he was a contributor to Cahiers du Sud, and joined others associated with Surrealism in anti-Fascist efforts.[3] An essay by Audard on the extent to which psychoanalysis was materialist drew heavy criticism from Georges Politzer for the 'bootlegging Bergsonianism' of its 'Freudo-Marxism'.[4] He wrote for the wartime (1939-1946) poetry magazine Messages. After the death of Oscar Milosc he became Director of the Friends of Milosz, established in 1966.[5]

He had three children. Elsa is a psychoanalyst in Paris. Frédéric, the youngest, created his own communication agency in the East of France. And his second daughter is Catherine Audard,[6] a philosopher and translator of John Rawls.

Works[edit]

  • 'Hécate de Jouve', Cahiers du Sud (April 1929), pp. 231–3
  • 'Bergson : les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion', Cahiers du Sud (June 1932)
  • 'La Psychanalyse et le destin de la Poésie', Cahiers du Sud 144 (October 1932)
  • Review of Oswald Spengler's Decline of the West, Cahiers du Sud, 1932
  • 'Du caractère matérialiste de la psychanalyse', Cahiers du Sud 154 (September 1933), pp. 517–528.
  • 'La poésie et les événements', Cahiers du Sud 166 (November 1934), pp. 725–31
  • 'La crise de l'idéalisme romantique dans la philosophie de Schopenhauer', in Cahiers du Sud 194 (May–June 1937), ed. Georges Camille as Le Romantisme Allemand
  • 'Blake et la Revolution', Messages 1 (1939), p. 15-19
  • 'Le modernisme de Coleridge', in Nestor Miserez et al., ed., Le Romantisme Anglais, 1946
  • (tr.) 'Le poème de l'Ancien Marin (fragment)' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in Nestor Miserez et al., ed., Le Romantisme Anglais, 1946
  • 'Sur l'influence de Mallarmé', in Jean Audard & Pierre Missac, ed., Stephane Mallarme: Inédits, poèmes et lettres, études, Paris: Les Lettres, 1948
  • Le Poete de l'ame, in O. V. de L. Milosz (1877-1939), Paris: Éditions André Silvaire, 1959, p. 84
  • 'Hommage à Jean Cassou', Cahiers De l'Association Les Amis de Milosz 25 (1986)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Benjamin Fondane et le Groupe de Raison d'Etre: Temoignage de Maurice Braun. Braun recalls Jean Audard's marriage as occurring in "1925 or 1926", which casts doubt on the dates given by Silvaire.
  2. ^ 'Lettres a Jean Audard', in O.V. de L. Milosz (1877-1939), 1959
  3. ^ Comptes rendus des séances de l'A.A.E.R. (Jean Audard)
  4. ^ Georges Politzer, 'Psychanalyse et marxisme: un faux contre-revolutionnaire: le freudo-marxisme', Commune, 1933. See Elisabeth Roudinesco, Jacques Lacan & Co.: A history of psychoanalysis in France, 1925-1985, pp.51-2
  5. ^ A. Silvaire, "Jean Audard (1913-1998)", Cahiers De l'Association Les Amis de Milosz 37 (1999)
  6. ^ Barbara Day, The Velvet Philosophers, 1999, p.91