Jean Baptista von Schweitzer
He was attracted by the social democratic labour movement and after the death of Ferdinand Lassalle, in 1864, he became president of the General Working-men's Union of Germany, and in this capacity edited the Sozialdemokrat, which brought him into frequent trouble with the Prussian government.
In 1867 he was elected to the parliament of the North German Federation. In 1868, he coined the term "democratic centralization" to describe the structure of his organization. On his failure to secure election to the German Reichstag in 1871, he resigned the presidency of the Labour Union, and retired from political life.
He died in Switzerland.
Schweitzer composed a number of dramas and comedies, of which several for a while had considerable success. Among them may be mentioned:
- Alcibiades (Frankfurt, 1858)
- Friedrich Barbarossa (Frankfurt, 1858)
- Canossa (Berlin, 1872)
- Die Darwinianer (Frankfurt, 1875)
- Die Eidechse (Frankfurt, 1876)
- Epidemisch (Frankfurt, 1876)
He also wrote one political novel, Lucinde oder Kapital und Arbeit (Frankfurt, 1864).
- Chisholm 1911.
- Detlef Grumbach, "Die Linke und das Laster," in Detlef Grumbach ed., Die Linke und das Laster (Hamburg: Männerschwarm, 1995), 21.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schweitzer, Jean Baptista von". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
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