Jean Borotra

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Jean Borotra
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10990, Jean Borotra.jpg
Jean Borotra, the "Bounding Basque", in 1931
Full name Jean Laurent Robert Borotra
Country  France
Born (1898-08-13)13 August 1898
Biarritz, France
Died 17 July 1994(1994-07-17) (aged 95)
Arbonne, France
Height 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)
Turned pro 1920 (amateur tour)
Retired 1956
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1976 (member page)
Singles
Career record 0–0
Highest ranking No. 2 (1926, A. Wallis Myers)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1931)
Wimbledon W (1924, 1926)
US Open F (1926)
Other tournaments
WHCC SF (1922)
WCCC F (1922)
Olympic Games SF – 4th (1924)
Doubles
Career record 0–1
Highest ranking No. 1 (1925)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1925, 1928, 1929, 1934, 1936)
Wimbledon W (1925, 1932, 1933)
Other Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Bronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1924)
Mixed Doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1928)
French Open W (1927, 1934)
Wimbledon W (1925)
US Open W (1926)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932)
Olympic medal record
Men's Tennis
Bronze 1924 Paris Doubles

Jean Robert Borotra (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ʁɔbɛʁ bɔ.ʁotʁa], Basque pronunciation: [borotɾa]; 13 August 1898 – 17 July 1994) was a French tennis champion. He was one of the famous "Four Musketeers" from his country who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

Career[edit]

Borotra was born in Domaine du Pouy, Biarritz, Aquitaine and married an English woman.

Known as "the Bounding Basque", he won four Grand Slam singles titles in the French, Australian, and All England championships. The 1924 French Championship does not count towards his grand slam total as the French was only open to French nationals, not internationals. He, only failing to win only in the American championships, as he was defeated in the final by his countryman René Lacoste 6–4, 6–0, 6–4, thus missing a career Grand Slam. His 1924 Wimbledon victory made him the first player from outside the English-speaking world to win the tournament. His first appearance was in the French Davis Cup team of 1921. He also made the final of the World Covered Court Championship in 1922, losing to Henri Cochet. He also won the doubles and mixed doubles at that event. The other major he did well in was the World Hard Court Championship (played on clay) - he won the doubles with Henri Cochet there in 1922.

Borotra was ranked as high as World No. 2 by A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph in 1926.[1]

A member of François de la Rocque's Parti social français (PSF), he became 1st General Commissioner to Sports from August 1940 to April 1942 during Vichy France, leading the Révolution nationale '​s efforts in sports policy.

Arrested by the Gestapo in November 1942, Borotra was deported to a concentration camp in Germany and then Itter Castle in North Tyrol until May 1945. He was freed from the castle after the Battle for Castle Itter, which he played a key role in by running to a nearby town to summon reinforcements.[2]

The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1976. In 1984, Borotra received a Distinguished Service award from the United States Sports Academy in recognition of his achievements.

On 17 July 1994, Jean Borotra, founder and president of honour of the CIFP (International Committee for Fair Play) died at the age of 95, after a short illness. He was buried at Arbonne.

The International Fair Play Committee, which recognises achievements annually, awards a Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy.

Important championships[edit]

  • Australian Championships
    • Singles champion: 1928
    • Men's Doubles champion: 1928
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1928
  • French Championships
    • Singles champion: 1924,[a] 1931
    • Singles runner-up: 1925, 1929
    • Men's Doubles champion: 1925, 1928, 1929, 1934, 1936
    • Men's Doubles finalist: 1927
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1927, 1934
    • Mixed Doubles finalist: 1926
  • Wimbledon
    • Singles champion: 1924, 1926
    • Singles finalist: 1925, 1927, 1929
    • Men's Doubles champion: 1925, 1932, 1933
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1925
  • U.S. Championship
    • Singles finalist: 1926
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1926

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles[edit]

Titles[edit]

Year Tournament Opponents in the final Score
1924 Wimbledon France René Lacoste 6–1, 3–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–4
1926 Wimbledon United States Howard Kinsey 8–6, 6–1, 6–3
1928 Australian Championships Australia Jack Cummings 6–4, 6–1, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3
1931 French Championships France Christian Boussus 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–4

Finals[edit]

Year Tournament Opponents in the final Score
1925 French Championships France René Lacoste 5–7, 1–6, 4–6
1925 Wimbledon France René Lacoste 3–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–8
1926 US National Championships France René Lacoste 4–6, 0–6, 4–6
1927 Wimbledon France Henri Cochet 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6, 5–7
1929 Australian Championships France René Lacoste 3–6, 6–2, 0–6, 6–2, 6–8
1929 Wimbledon France Henri Cochet 4–6, 3–6, 4–6

Doubles[edit]

Titles[edit]

Year Tournament Partner Opponents in the final Score
1925 French Championships France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
1925 Wimbledon France René Lacoste United States John Hennesey
United States Raymond Casey
6–4, 11–9, 4–6, 1–6, 6–3
1928 Australian Championships France Jacques Brugnon Australia Gar Moon
Australia Jim Willard
6–2, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1928 French Championships France Jacques Brugnon France Henri Cochet
France Ren De Buzelet
6–4, 3–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–4
1929 French Championships France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 8–6
1932 Wimbledon France Jacques Brugnon United Kingdom Pat Hughes
United Kingdom Fred Perry
6–0, 4–6, 3–6, 7–5, 7–5
1933 Wimbledon France Jacques Brugnon Japan Ryosuki Nunoi
Japan Jiro Satoh
4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 7–5
1934 French Championships France Jacques Brugnon Australia Jack Crawford
Australia Vivian McGrath
11–9, 6–3, 2–6, 4–6, 9–7
1936 French Championships France Marcel Bernard United Kingdom Pat Hughes
United Kingdom Charles Tuckey
6–2, 3–6, 9–7, 6–1

Finals[edit]

Year Tournament Partner Opponents in the final Score
1927 French Championships France René Lacoste France Henri Cochet
France Jacques Brugnon
6–2, 2–6, 0–6, 6–1, 4–6
1934 Wimbledon France Jacques Brugnon United States George Lott
United States Lester Stoefen
2–6, 3–6, 4–6
1939 French Championships France Jacques Brugnon United States Don McNeill
United States Charles Harris
6–4, 4–6, 0–6, 6–2, 8–10

Mixed doubles[edit]

Titles[edit]

Year Tournament Partner Opponents in the final Score
1925 Wimbledon France Suzanne Lenglen United States Elizabeth Ryan
Italy Uberto de Morpurgo
6–3, 6–3
1926 US National Championships United States Elizabeth Ryan United States Hazel Hotchkiss
France René Lacoste
6–4, 7–5
1927 French Championships France Marguerite Broquedis Spain Lilí Álvarez
United States Bill Tilden
6–4, 2–6, 6–2
1928 Australian Championships Australia Daphne Akhurst Australia Esna Boyd
Australia Jack Hawkes
default
1934 French Championships France Colette Rosambert United States Elizabeth Ryan
Australia Adrian Quist
6–2, 6–4

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ the French Championships was a non-international event in 1924 and didn't become a major until 1925 when the tournament opened up its doors to players who weren't members of French tennis clubs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 424.
  2. ^ Mayer, John G. (26 May 1945). "12th Men Free French Big-Wigs". Hellcat News (12th Armored Division). 

External links[edit]