Jean Grae

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This article is about the musician. For the X-men character, see Jean Grey.
Jean Grae
Jean Grae at La Zona - SXSW 2006 - crop.jpg
Background information
Birth name Tsidi Ibrahim
Born (1976-11-26) November 26, 1976 (age 38)[citation needed]
Cape Town, South Africa
Origin New York City
Genres Hip hop, Rap
Occupation(s) Rapper, Producer
Years active 1996–present

Third Earth Music (2002–2003)
Babygrande Records (2003–2005)

Blacksmith Records / Warner Bros. Records (2005–Present)
Associated acts Sathima Bea Benjamin, Abdullah Ibrahim, Talib Kweli, Atmosphere, 9th Wonder, Pharoahe Monch, Styles P, Masta Ace, Immortal Technique, Pumpkinhead, Maurice "Mobetta" Brown
Website Official Site

Jean Grae (born Tsidi Ibrahim,[1][2] November 26, 1976), formerly known as What? What?, is an American hip-hop artist. She rose to prominence in the underground hip-hop scene in New York City and has since built an international fanbase.

Early life[edit]

Grae was born in Cape Town, South Africa on November 26, 1976, the daughter of South African jazz musicians Sathima Bea Benjamin and Abdullah Ibrahim. She was raised in New York City where her parents relocated after her birth. She studied Vocal Performance at the LaGuardia School before majoring in Music Business at New York University. She dropped out after three weeks of class.[1][3]


Early career (1996–98)[edit]

In 1995, she was discovered by George Rithm Martinez, when he recruited her for a five-song demo under the name of his group, Ground Zero. Their demo was critically acclaimed and earned the duo Unsigned Hype honors in the The Source Magazine in March 1996.[2] She later joined a hip-hop music group called Natural Resource,[2] along with rapper Ocean and DJ James "AGGIE" Barrett. In 1996 they released a pair of 12-inch singles called "Negro League Baseball" [3] b/w "Bum Deal" b/w "They Lied", and "Bum Deal (remix)" b/w "They Lied (remix)" b/w "I Love This World" on their own label Makin' Records.[1] She also appeared on singles by fellow Makin' Records artists Pumpkinhead and Bad Seed, and on the O.B.S. (Original Blunted Soldiers) double 12-inch single alongside crew members Pumpkinhead, Bad Seed, and Meat-pie, and produced much of the material released on the label under the pseudonym Run Run Shaw. During this period she established strong ties with the Brooklyn Academy crew, with which she would appear throughout her career.

Solo career (1998–2004)[edit]

Natural Resource dissolved in 1998, after which Ibrahim changed her stage name from What? What? to Jean Grae, a reference to the X-Men character Jean Grey.[4] Under her new moniker, she released her first LPAttack of the Attacking Things—in 2002, and followed it in 2004 with This Week.[4] Throughout her career she has also recorded tracks with numerous major hip-hop artists, Atmosphere, The Roots, Talib Kweli, The Herbaliser, Da Beatminerz, Phonte, Mr. Len, Masta Ace, Vordul Mega, C-Rayz Walz, Mos Def, Styles P, Pharoahe Monch and Immortal Technique among them.

Grae has recorded an unreleased album with celebrated North Carolina producer 9th Wonder, of Little Brother fame, entitled Jeanius. This unfinished record was leaked on the internet, and subsequently work was stopped on this album.[5] However, at the release party for 9th Wonder's Dream Merchant Volume 2 album she stated that Jeanius was still going to be released. This album was eventually released first through Zune Live Marketplace two weeks before its disc release on July 8, 2008. Her rapping on the album was described by Robert Christgau as "remarkable for its rapidity, clarity and idiomatic cadence. The writing has a good-humored polysyllabic literacy."[6] Elsewhere, it's been reported that her proposed fourth album, provisionally titled Phoenix has gone into production. It has been reported by several camp insiders that 9th Wonder will handle the lion's share of the production duties with unknown UK producer Passion hifi, English producer DJ SonicBass and NY resident Clinikal providing a beat each.

Blacksmith Music (2005–present)[edit]

Previously signed to Babygrande Records, she signed a deal in 2005 with Talib Kweli's Blacksmith Records. On April 28, 2008, Grae posted a blog entry on her MySpace page saying goodbye to her fans.[7] She later cited disenchantment with the music industry and desire to start a family as the reasons behind the "retirement" and said that she was working on new material and still wanted to continue in music: "You know what? I need that Grammy. I think I might be able to stop after that."[8] In July 2008, Talib Kweli posted a blog entry explaining Grae's album, mentioning that she was not retiring. The blog ends encouraging fans to purchase the album, referring to Grae as "one of the last true MCs left." Grae returned to doing live performances later that year.[9]

On September 18, 2008, Jean Grae posted a Craigslist ad offering her creative services for $800/16 bars.[10][11] On her MySpace blog entry, she states, "I don't wanna complain anymore, I just wanna change some things about the way artists are treated and the way you guys are allowed to be involved, since it IS the digital age."[12] On June 23, 2011, after an almost four-year hiatus, Grae released a free mixtape entitled Cookies or Comas, which features guest appearances from Styles P, Talib Kweli and Pharoahe Monch, it also includes the highly praised tracks "Assassins" from Monch's W.A.R. album and "Uh Oh" From Talib Kweli's Gutter Rainbows.[13]

On October 22, 2012, Grae performed with MeLa Machinko and DJ Mr. Len in New York City at WNYC's Jerome L. Greene Performance Space, also recorded as an episode of Judge John Hodgman. During the episode the upcoming records "Gotham Down" and "Cake or Death" were named.[14]

On January 2, 2013, she released a 10-track project called Dust Ruffle. Dust Ruffle features unreleased songs from between 2004 and 2010. Of the album she says: "It's such an interesting retrospective project because I get to actually hear myself evolve from 2004-2010. Snapshots of life."[15]

Between October and November 2013 she self-released a series of EPs entitled Gotham Down Cycle 1: Love in Infinity (Lo-Fi), Gotham Down Cycle II: Leviathan, Gotham Down Cycle 3: The Artemis Epoch. In December 2013 she combined the releases into one, entitled Gotham Down Deluxe.[16] Grae also released an online sitcom entitled "Life with Jeanie".[17]

In January 2014 she also released The State of Eh, an audiobook. All are available for download on her website.[18]




  • Gotham Down: Cycle 1: Love In Infinity (Lo-Fi) (2013)
  • Gotham Down: Cycle II: Leviathan (2013)
  • Gotham Down: Cycle 3: The Artemis Epoch (2013)
  • jeannie. (2014)
  • #5 (2014)


  • Cookies or Comas (2011)

Other song appearances[edit]

  • Immortal Technique – The Illest (ft. Jean Grae and Pumpkinhead)
  • Immortal Technique – You Never Know (ft. Jean Grae)
  • AkirTropical Fantasy (ft. Jean Grae)
  • The High & MightyHands On Experience (ft. What?What?, Kool Keith and Bobbito)
  • Tek 9 – Keep It Hot (ft. What?What?)
  • Tek 9 – Bruklon (ft. What?What?)
  • Mr. LifPost Mortem
  • AtmosphereInsomnia 411 (ft. Roosevelt Franklin and Jean Grae)
  • The HerbaliserBlow Your Headphones – "The Blend"
  • The Herbaliser – Blow Your Headphones – "New + Improved"
  • The Herbaliser – Blow Your Headphones – Bring It"
  • The Herbaliser – Very Mercenary – "Mission Improbable"
  • The Herbaliser – Very Mercenary – "Let It Go"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London – "Nah' Mean, Nah'm Sayin'"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London – "Generals"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London – "Close Your Eyes"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London – "Twice Around"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London (second edition's bonus disc) – "More Tea, More Beer"
  • The Herbaliser – Take London (second edition's bonus disc) – "How To Keep A Girlfriend"
  • The Herbaliser – Same As It Never Was – "Street Karma (A Cautionary Tale)"
  • Masta Ace – Soda and Soap (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Talib Kweli – New York Shit (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Talib Kweli – Say Something
  • Talib Kweli – Where You Gonna Run (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Cannibal OxSwing Blades (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Soul Daddy – No Drank (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Ski BeatzProwler 2 (ft. Jean Grae, Jay Electronica, Joell Ortiz & Mos Def)
  • WaleGoodbye (ft. Jean Grae)
  • DiverseUnder the hammer (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Joell OrtizSo Wrong (ft. Talib Kweli, Brother Ali & Jean Grae)
  • Lil BBase 4 Ya Face (ft. Jean Grae & Phonte)
  • DJ Jazzy JeffSupa Jean (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Sharkey – Sharkey's Machine – "Summer in the City (Lovin' It)"
  • Rosco P. Coldchain – It's Our World (Tryin' Times) (ft. D.P. & Jean Grae)
  • Maurice "Mobetta" BrownBack At The Ranch (ft. Jean Grae)
  • Bodi – Epilogue (ft. Kristoff Krane & Jean Grae)
  • Jota Mayúscula – Maybe (ft. Jean Grae)
  • The Roots – Somebody's Gotta Do It (ft. Jean Grae)
  • MC Frontalot - Gold Locks
  • Rapsody - Blankin Out Remix (ft. Jean Grae)


  1. ^ a b c Salazar-Moreno, Quibian. "Jean Grae Biography". Allmusic. 
  2. ^ a b c Warren, Jamin (26 April 2005). "Jean Grae". Pitchfork Media. 
  3. ^ a b "Jean Grae Biography". Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Crockett, Stephen A., Jr. (2008), "Grae's Anatomy", The Root, August 13, 2008.
  5. ^ Johnson, Christopher (2008), "Jean Grae: 'I Am Hip-Hop'", NPR Music.
  6. ^ Christgau, Robert (2008), "Jean Grae Shows There's No Better Femcee", NPR Music
  7. ^; Jean Grae Retires From Hip-Hop?. Retrieved on 2008-05-07.
  8. ^ Harvilla, Rob (2008), "The Trials of Jean Grae", Village Voice, July 8, 2008.
  9. ^ Chinen, Nate (2008), "A Hip-Hop Classicist Defies Her Meager Turnout", New York Times, December 1, 2008.
  10. ^; Jean Grae Will Do Original Verses..For $$$, lol. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  11. ^ Michaels, Sean (2008) "Jean Grae becomes a hip-hop mercenary", The Guardian, September 24, 2008.
  12. ^ JEAN GRAE IS FOR SALE. Retrieved on 2008-09-19.
  13. ^ "Jean Grae - Cookies or Comas (Mixtape)", StupidDope, June 27, 2011.
  14. ^ "Jean Grae on Judge John Hodgman Episode 83". Retrieved2013-04-17.
  15. ^ Eric Diep, "Stream Jean Grae’s New Album 'Dust Ruffle'", XXL Magazine, January 2, 2013.
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Life With Jeannie".
  18. ^ "The State of Eh. A Read Along Album Book Thing".

External links[edit]