Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
|Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
|Location||Southern Louisiana, USA|
|Nearest city||New Orleans, LA|
|Area||20,020 acres (8,100 ha)
10,666 acres (4,316 ha) federal
|Established||March 4, 1907|
|Visitors||420,366 (in 2011)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve protects significant examples of the rich natural and cultural resources of Louisiana's Mississippi River Delta region. The park, named after Jean Lafitte, seeks to illustrate the influence of environment and history on the development of a unique regional culture. The park consists of six physically separate sites and a park headquarters.
Three sites interpret the Cajun culture of the Lafayette (southern Louisiana) area, which developed after Acadians were resettled in the region following their expulsion from Canada by the British and the transfer of French Louisiana to Spain in the aftermath of the French-Indian War (1755–63).
- Acadian Cultural Center, in Lafayette
- Prairie Acadian Cultural Center, in Eunice, obtained through the work of Mayor Curtis Joubert.
- Wetlands Acadian Cultural Center, in Thibodaux
The Barataria Preserve, at 6588 Barataria Boulevard in Marrero, interprets the natural and cultural history of the region.
The preserve has trails and canoe tours through bottomland hardwood forests, swamps, and marsh. Additionally, an Education Center provides curriculum-based programming for school groups and a visitor center with a film and exhibits.
The national cemetery holds the remains of Civil War casualties and veterans; as well as American soldiers from the Indian Wars of the late 19th century, the Spanish-American War, the First and Second World Wars, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. [Since the cemetery wasn't established until the Civil War (1861-65), there are extremely few graves from the War of 1812's Battle of New Orleans.]
A visitor center offers exhibits and information and is located near a battleground memorial obelisk — one stop on a tour route of the battlefield, which can be taken by car, by bicycle, or on foot. Hurricane Katrina destroyed the visitor center in 2005; a replacement has since been constructed.
Visitors to this unit of the historical park can embark and disembark by boat along the Mississippi River, using private craft or a public tour boat which departs from downtown New Orleans.
The park also has a visitor center at 419 Decatur Street, New Orleans, in the historic French Quarter. It interprets more generally the history of New Orleans and the diverse cultures of Louisiana's Mississippi Delta region. The park headquarters is located in New Orleans.
Chalmette Monument and Grounds were established on March 4, 1907 to commemorate the site of the Battle of New Orleans. It was transferred from the War Department to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933, and re-designated Chalmette National Historical Park on August 10, 1939.
The Chalmette site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places October 15, 1966.
It was later incorporated into the multi-site Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve authorized on November 10, 1978.
- "National Park Service Visitor Use Statistics". National Park Service. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- "Living Legends: Curtis Joubert". acadianmuseum.com. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- Andrea Shaw (October 10, 2014). "Sen. Elwyn Nicholson, a West Bank grocer, Jean Lafitte National Park proponent, dies at 90". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior.
- National Park Service: Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve