Jean Morère (6 October 1836 – February 1887) was a French operatic tenor, active from 1861 to 1871. He created the title role in Verdi's Don Carlos and sang primarily at the Paris Opera and at La Monnaie in Brussels. He was born in Couladère and died in Toulouse at the age of 50.
Life and career
Morère was born in Couladère, a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France. He studied first in Toulouse and then at the Conservatoire de Paris with Paul Läget. He graduated from the Conservatoire in 1861, winning one of the three First Prizes in singing. The correspondent for Dwight's Journal of Music, who attended the competition, wrote:
M. Morère is a tenor with a pleasant quality of voice, what you may call a pretty voice, sings with taste, and exhibits undoubted marks of talent.
Morère made his debut at the Paris Opera in Giuseppe Verdi's Il trovatore in 1861 and sang there in the world premiere of Victor Sieg's cantata Ivanhoe in 1864. He created the title role in Verdi's Don Carlos, also at the Paris Opera, on 11 March 1867.
Elsewhere, he sang Riccardo in Un ballo in maschera at Opéra de Marseille in 1864. He also sang at La Monnaie in Brussels in the 1865-66 and 1869-70 seasons, where his roles included Vasco da Gama in the theatre's first production of Giacomo Meyerbeer's L'Africaine (1865) and the title role in Meyerbeer's Robert le diable (1870).
Morère suffered a mental breakdown in 1871 in the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War, and retired from the stage. He died in a sanatorium in Toulouse at the age of 50 after years of mental illness. His wife had died the previous year. At the time of his death, Morère left three children, a grown daughter who was working as a piano teacher, and two young sons aged 10 and 5.
- Guide Musical (17 February 1887). "Nécrologie", p. 55 Original French: "Sont décédés: A Toulouse, d'aliénation mentale, Jean Morère, né à Couladère (Haute-Garonne), le 6 octobre 1836".
- Some English sources, e.g. Slonimsky and Kuhn (2005), state that Morère's surname at birth was "Couladère", although this is likely to be a misreading of the original French sources.
- The other two winners were the baritone Eugène Caron and the soprano Marie Ciso. See Dwight's Journal of Music (24 August 1861) p. 168.
- Dwight's Journal of Music (24 August 1861). "Paris", p. 168
- Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura (2005). "Morère (real name, Couladère), Jean". Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Retrieved online via HighBeam Research 3 May 2013 (subscription required).
- Contrary to all other sources, Morère's first name is given as "Paul" in Parker, Roger (2006). "Don Carlos", The Grove Book of Operas (2nd edition), p. 150. Oxford University Press
- Kutsch, K.J. and Riemens, Leo (2003). Grosses Sängerlexikon, 4th ed., Band 5, p. 3216. München: K.G. Sauer (German)
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Morère". Almannacco Amadeus. Retrieved 3 May 2013 (Italian)
- The Musical World (19 February 1870). "Occasional Notes", p. 131.
- Fischer, Christine (2001). Verdi Handbuch, p. 670. Bärenreiter. ISBN 3761820178 (German)
- Les Archives théâtrales (February 1887). "Février" , p. 44. Retrieved online from the Bibliothèque nationale de France, 3 May 2013 (French).
- Le Ménestrel (13 February 1887). "Nécrologie", p. 88.