Jean Paul Lemieux
Jean Paul Lemieux, CC GOQ (18 November 1904 – 7 December 1990) was one of the foremost painters of twentieth century Quebec. He was born in Quebec City, where he also died (Colin S. Macdonald claims he died in Montreal). He was raised in Quebec City until 1916, when his family moved to Berkeley, California. In 1917, the family returned to Quebec and settled in Montreal.
From 1926 to 1934, Jean Paul Lemieux studied under Edwin Holgate and others at the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal (Montreal School of Fine Arts). In 1929, he traveled to Europe with his mother. In Paris, he studied advertising and art, frequents other artists. Lemieux took teaching positions from 1934, first at the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, then in 1935 at the École du meuble (Furniture School). In 1937, he moved to Quebec City and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts de Québec until his retirement in 1965. His connections at that period include other major artists associated with these schools, such as Alfred Pellan and Paul-Émile Borduas.
Jean Paul Lemieux received several awards for his works, including the Louis-Philippe Hébert prize in 1971 and the Molson Prize for the Canada Council for the Arts in 1974. In 1968, he became a Companion of the Order of Canada. He was also a member of the Royal Canadian Academy. In 1997, he was posthumously made a Grand Officer of the National Order of Quebec.
A set of postage stamps depicting three works by Lemieux, Self-portrait (1974), June Wedding (1972) and Summer (1959) were issued by Canada Post on Oct. 22, 2004. The stamps were released on the day that a retrospective of his work organized to recognize the centenary of the artist's birth opened at the National Gallery of Canada.
The Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec and other sources divide Jean Paul Lemieux's career into five periods:
- the Montreal period (1926–1937), marked by realistic naturalism influenced by Quebec regionalists and, later, European postimpressionist modernism.
- the Primitive period (1940–1947), focused on "anecdote and accumulated scenic detail" (MNBAQ).
- the Minimalist period (1951–1955), with cubist structures, signals a major turning point in the artist's career.
- the "Classical" period (1956–1970), with a "figurativeness dear to Lemieux, albeit fuelled by the sources and practices of abstract art" (MNBAQ). It is in this period that Lemieux produced the paintings of lonely figures in desolate, simplistic landscapes for which he is so well known today.
- the "Expressionist" period (after 1970), presenting humanity living in a bleak, hopeless world..
Images and galleries
- Painting: The Visit
- Gallery from the Canadian government's Cybermuse project.
- Small gallery from Virtual Museum of Canada.
Criticism and interpretation
- BRULOTTE, Gaëtan, L'Univers de Jean Paul Lemieux, Québec: Fides, 1996, 282p.