Jean Shrimpton (1965)
6 November 1942 |
|Other names||Jean Cox, The Shrimp, Jeannie Shrimpton|
|Occupation||fashion model, actress, hotel owner/innkeeper, antique shop owner/antique dealer|
|Spouse(s)||Michael Cox (m. 1979)|
|Relatives||Chrissie Shrimpton (sister)|
|Height||1.765 m (5 ft 9 in) —1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
Jean Rosemary Shrimpton (born 6 November 1942) is an English model and actress. She was an icon of Swinging London and is considered to be one of the world's first supermodels. She appeared on numerous covers including Vogue, Harper's Bazaar, Vanity Fair, Glamour, Elle, Ladies' Home Journal, Newsweek, and Time magazines. In 2012, Shrimpton was named by Time as one of the 100 most influential fashion icons of all time. She starred alongside Paul Jones in the 1967 film Privilege.
Life and career
Born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, and brought up on a farm, Shrimpton was educated at St Bernard's Convent, Slough. She enrolled at Langham Secretarial College in London when she was 17. A chance meeting with director Cy Endfield led to an unsuccessful meeting with the producer of his film Mysterious Island; Endfield then suggested she attend the Lucie Clayton Charm Academy's model course. In 1960, aged 17, she began modelling, appearing on the covers of popular magazines such as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar, and Vanity Fair.
During her career, Shrimpton was widely reported to be the "world's highest paid model", the "most famous model" and the "most photographed in the world". She was also described as having the "world's most beautiful face" and as "the most beautiful girl in the world". She was dubbed "The It Girl", "The Face", "The Face of the Moment", and "The Face of the '60s". Glamour named her "Model of The Year" in June 1963. She contrasted with the aristocratic-looking models of the 1950s by representing the coltish, gamine look of the youthquake movement in 1960s Swinging London, and she was reported as "the symbol of Swinging London." Breaking the popular mould of voluptuous figures with her long legs and slim figure, she was nicknamed "The Shrimp". Shrimpton was also known for her long hair with a fringe, wide doe-eyes, long wispy eyelashes, arched brows, and pouty lips.
Shrimpton also helped launch the miniskirt. In 1965, she made a two-week promotional visit to Australia, sponsored by the Victoria Racing Club, and a local synthetic fibre company who brought her out to promote a range of new dresses made of Orlon. She was paid a fee of ₤2000, which was an enormous sum at the time. She caused a sensation in Melbourne, when she arrived for the Victoria Derby wearing a white shift dress made by Colin Rolfe which ended 10 cm (3.9 in) above her knees. She wore no hat, stockings or gloves, and sported a man's watch, which was unusual at the time. Shrimpton was unaware she would cause such reaction in the Melbourne community and media.
In her article "The Man in the Bill Blass Suit", Nora Ephron tells of the time when Jean Shrimpton posed for a Revlon advertisement in an antique white Chantilly lace dress by Blass. Minutes after the lipstick placard was displayed at the drugstores, the Revlon switchboard received many calls from women demanding to know where they could buy the dress.
Shrimpton was once engaged to photographer David Bailey. They met in 1960 at a photo shoot that Shrimpton, who was then an unknown model, was working on with photographer Brian Duffy for a Kellogg's corn flakes advertisement. Duffy told Bailey she was too posh for him, but Bailey was undeterred, and he and Shrimpton subsequently had a relationship for four years, ending in 1964. During the affair, Bailey was still married to his first wife Rosemary Bramble but left her after nine months and later divorced to be with Shrimpton.
Shrimpton's first photo session with Bailey was in 1960 (either for Condé Nast's Brides on 7 December 1960 or for British Vogue). She started to become known in the modelling world around the time she was dating Bailey. Shrimpton has stated she owed Bailey her career, and he is often credited for discovering her and being influential in her career. In turn, she was Bailey's muse, and his photographs of her helped him rise to prominence in his early career. Shrimpton's other most celebrated romance was with actor Terence Stamp. She married photographer Michael Cox in 1979 at Penzance register office when she was four months pregnant with their son Thaddeus (born in 1979). They own the Abbey Hotel in Penzance, Cornwall, now managed by Thaddeus and his family. Her younger sister Chrissie was also an actress, linked to both Mick Jagger and Steve Marriott of the Small Faces.
On 26 January 2012 the story of her relationship with David Bailey was dramatised in a BBC Four film, We'll Take Manhattan, with Karen Gillan playing the part of Shrimpton. Shrimpton is namechecked (as "Jeannie Shrimpton") in the 1986 Smithereens song "Behind the Wall of Sleep".
- Magee, Antonia (18 October 2009). "Model Jean Shrimpton recollects the stir she caused on Victoria Derby Day in 1965". Herald Sun.
- Lee-Potter, Lynda (14 July 2001). "I always left men-but now I'm secure". Daily Mail.
- "Jean Shrimpton, the Famed Face of the '60s, Sits Before Her Svengali's Camera One More Time". People 7 (21). 30 May 1977.
- Susan Cohen, Christine Cosgrove (2009). Normal at Any Cost: Tall Girls, Short Boys, and the Medical Industry's Quest to Manipulate Height. ISBN 1-58542-683-0.
- Bocca, Geoffrey (8 January 1967). "The Girl Behind the World's Most Beautiful Face". Family Weekly.
- Jean Shripmton - An Autobiography. Ebury Press. 1990. p. 9. ISBN 978-0852238585.
- Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. p. 430. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2.
- Busch, Charles (24 January 1995). "He's Every Woman". The Advocate: p.60.
- "Milesago article on Jean Shrimpton". Milesago.com. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Vogue Magazine June 1962". Vogue (UK). Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- "Vogue Magazine May 1963". Vogue (UK). Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- Berry, Allison (2 April 2012). "All-Time 100 Fashion Icons: Jean Shrimpton". Time.
- Alex Wade (April 30, 2011). "The Saturday interview: Jean Shrimpton". The Guardian.
- "Twiggy and The Shrimp – By Bill Harry". Retrosellers.com. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Polly (12 June 1967). "Shrimp Shines up Londonderry Hair". Pittsburg Post-Gazette.
- Hammond, Fay (19 August 1968). "Not the Very Model of a Modern Major Mannequin". Los Angeles Times.
- "American Designs Best 'London Look'". Milwaukee Journal. 8 June 1967.
- Cloud, Barbara (11 June 1967). "Most Photographed Model Reticent About Her Role". The Pittsburg Press.
- Morris, Ann (23 June 2001). "A womb with a view". Telegraph (London).
- Cloud, Barbara (9 June 1967). "Ex-Window Designer London Look Winner". The Pittsburg Press.
- "Clippings on 3 March 1969". Los Angeles, CA, USA: Independent. 3 March 1969. p. 24.
- McKenzie, Sheena (1 November 2012). "Melbourne Cup memories: The legs that stopped a nation". CNN.
- "Being 'ordinary' has its rewards". The Miami News. 30 June 1980.
- Jean Shrimpton in London of Sloane Street coat, 1964, by David Bailey Forbes.com
- Orbach, Suzie. Hunger Strike: The Anorectic's Struggle as a Metaphor for Our Age. p. 53.
- Changes in culture and society in the sixties nelsonthornes.com
- Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2.
- "'Funny Girl' Can Become Beautiful Girl". The Evening Independent. 23 January 1969.
- Menkes, Suzy (28 February 2005). "A striking combo:broadtail and fringe". New York Times.
- Alexander, Hilary (28 February 2005). "The Look bounces back in Milan with 'Shrimp Clones'". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "HE FOCUSED ON THE MOST FASHIONABLE FACES OF THE '60S". Philadelphia Inquirer. 18 February 1984.
- Glossary: Season 1 The Advocate p. 38. 20 November 2001.
- Cloud, Barbara (18 January 1989). "Pout power Fashionable lips are getting fuller now, just like Ms. Hershey's kisses". Chicago Tribune.
- Style Icon: Jean Shrimpton 2006-09-18. Fabsugar.com
- "Jean Shrimpton in Melbourne". MILESAGO. Retrieved 2015-01-29.
- Ephron article reprinted in Wallflower at the Orgy by Nora Ephron, 2007.
- "PDN Legends Online: David Bailey".
- Bumpus, Jessica (3 March 2010). "The Shrimpton Story".
- Hauptfuhrer, Fred (26 September 1977). "The Women David Bailey Photographs Become His Lovers, and Marie Helvin Is the Latest". People 8 (13).
- Muir, Robin (17 March 2007). "Two take Manhattan". The Guardian.
- Muir, Robin (29 June 2002). "`That Bob Richardson was commissioned for Brides is like finding Charles Manson...(subscription required)". The Independent.
- Alexander, Hilary (6 November 2006). "Bailey rolls back the years for Vogue at 90". Telegraph.
- Collette, Adrian (16 February 2003). "The shortest century and the greatest party". The Age (Melbourne).
- "In the raw". Guardian. 17 September 2005.
- Louth, Sean.Initially Bailey... British Journal of Photography.
- NY JS DB 62 by David Bailey Steidlville.com
- David Bailey and Martin Harrison. Birth of the Cool: 1957–1969
- "David Bailey: Godfather of cool". BBC News. 15 June 2001.
- Jones, Jerene (14 June 1982). "Once the Face of the '60s, Jean Shrimpton Is Now the Model of An English Innkeeper". People 17 (23).
- Smyth, Mitchell (29 September 1985). "The Shrimp's running a hotel". Toronto Sun.
- "The Abbey Hotel FAQ". Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "We'll Take Manhattan". BBC News. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Carpenter, Julie (2 August 2011). "Return of the Shrimp". Daily Express.
- "Especially for You (1986)". Retrieved 27 January 2012.