Jean Venturini

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"Venturini" redirects here. For the surname, see Venturini (surname).
Jean Venturini
Jean-Bernard Venturini 3.jpg
Jean Venturini in 1939, a few months before he died
Born Jean-Bernard Venturini
(1919-09-17)September 17, 1919
Nabeul, Tunisia
Died June 17, 1940(1940-06-17)
near Sfax, Tunisia
Occupation Poet
Nationality French
Literary movement Surrealism

Jean Venturini is a French poet and a sailor who was born in Nabeul, Tunisia, on 17 September 1919 and died in a submarine crash, in the Mediterranean Sea (he was only 20 years old), on 17 June 1940.[1]

Biography[edit]

Jean Venturini spent most of his childhood in Morocco. In his teens, he studied at a high school near Meknes. To the age of 16, he felt an irresistible poetic vocation born: he began to write many poems, later collected in the book entitled Outlines, published in November 1939. This is his only work. Indeed, he died in June 1940, with the entire crew of the submarine called "Morse", which exploded hitting a mine. He had trained as a marine transmissions, before engaging in the French Navy in 1939.[2]

Outlines is a collection of poems heavily influenced by the theories of poet Arthur Rimbaud.[3] With its themes and writing, this work is very close to the surrealist aesthetic.[4]

Works[edit]

Book
Outlines (1939 version)
  • (French) Outlines, collection of poems, Casablanca, Éditions du Moghreb, November 1939, 80 p.
  • (French) Outlines : reissue with a biographical afterword on the sinking of the submarine « Morse », Paris, Vaillant, June 2009, 112 p. (ISBN 978-2-916986-06-7)
  • Scattered poems, not collected :
    • (French) Ballade d'un qui part, published in December 1939 by the review Fontaine
    • (French) Une Pierre dans l'eau, published in May 1940 by the review Poésie 40
    • (French) Victime d'affiches, unpublished manuscript poem, June 1940 (sent in a letter to a close friend)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Semantic data : WP-Person DateiDBpedia
  • (French) Pierre Seghers, Le Livre d'or de la Poésie française, first volume : « Des origines à 1940 », Paris, Marabout, 1998, 488 p. (ISBN 978-2-501026-35-2)
  • (French) Collective work, Dictionnaire des lettres françaises, sixth volume : « Le xxe siècle », Paris, LGF-Le Livre de Poche, 1998, 1174 p. (ISBN 2-253-13109-1)
  • (French) « La mémoire engloutie », a study by Jean-Luc Falco, foreword to the reissue of Outlines
  • (French) Collective work, Anthologie des écrivains morts à la guerre, 1939-1945, Paris, Albin Michel, 1998, 808 p. (ISBN 9782226045126)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See (French) Article « Jean Venturini, marin mort pour la France et poète » by Madeleine Kérisit.
  2. ^ See (French) Monographie de Jean Venturini, inspired by Madeleine Kérisit, on website Mémorial national aux marins morts pour la France.
  3. ^ See (French) Pierre Seghers, Le Livre d'or de la Poésie française, first volume : « Des origines à 1940 », Paris, Marabout editor, 1998, p. 451.
  4. ^ See (French) Collective work, Dictionnaire des lettres françaises, sixth volume : « Le xxe siècle », Paris, LGF-Le Livre de Poche, 1998, p. 1135.

External links[edit]