Jean Victoire Audouin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jean Victoire Audouin
Victor Audouin.jpg
Born (1797-04-27)April 27, 1797
Paris, France
Died November 9, 1841(1841-11-09)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Fields
Institutions Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Société entomologique de France
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Jean Victoire Audouin (27 April 1797 – 9 November 1841), sometimes Victor Audouin, was a French naturalist, an entomologist, herpetologist, ornithologist, and malacologist.

Biography[edit]

Audouin was born in Paris and was educated in the field of medicine. In 1824 he was appointed assistant to Pierre André Latreille, professor of entomology at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, where in 1833 he became Latreille's successor. In 1838 he became a member of the French Academy of Sciences.

His principal work, Histoire des insectes nuisibles à la vigne (1842), was completed after his death by Henri Milne-Edwards and Émile Blanchard.[1] Many of his papers appeared in the Annales des sciences naturelles, which, with Adolphe Theodore Brongniart and Jean-Baptiste Dumas, he founded in 1824,[2] as well as in the proceedings of the Société entomologique de France, of which he was one of the founders in 1832.[3] In 1833, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Audouin also contributed to other branches of natural history. With Brongniart and Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, he was co-author of the Dictionaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle,[3] and with Henri Milne-Edwards, he collaborated on a study of marine animals found in French coastal waters. He also completed Marie Jules César Savigny's ornithological section of Description de l'Egypte (1826). Audouin also studied amphibians and reptiles, and from 1827 to 1829 he described four new species of lizards[4] and one new species of frog.[5]

In 1843, mycologist David Gruby named the fungal species Microsporum audouinii after him.[6] Audouin's Gull (Larus audouinii) is an ornithological species named in his honor,[7] and in the French language, the term poche copulatrice d'Audouin (the copulatory pouch of Audouin) is another name for the spermatheca.[8][9]

Publications[edit]

  • Histoire des insectes nuisibles à la vigne et particulièrement de la Pyrale qui dévaste les vignobles des départements de la Côte-d'Or, de Saône-et-Loire, du Rhône, de l'Hérault, des Pyrénées-Orientales, de la Haute-Garonne, de la Charente-Inférieure, de la Marne et de Seine-et-Oise, avec l'indication des moyens qu'on doit employer pour la combattre... Paris, Fortin, Masson, 1842

References[edit]

  1. ^ Librairie Descarres Quelques livres rares ou curieux présentés au Salon International du Livre Ancien
  2. ^ Archive.org Annales des sciences naturelles
  3. ^ a b Correspondence familiale Audouin, Jean Victor (1797-1841) et ses descendants
  4. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  5. ^ Amphibian Species of the World 6.0, an Online Reference. research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia.
  6. ^ Introduction to the History of Mycology by Geoffrey Clough Ainsworth
  7. ^ British Trust for Ornithology Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii
  8. ^ L'organisation interne des abeilles
  9. ^ Google Books L'Apiculteur, Volumes 37-38 by Société centrale d'apiculture

Further reading[edit]

  • J. Théodoridès, 1968. Les débuts de la biologie marine en France: Jean-Victor Audouin et Henri-Milne Edwards, 1826-1829. Premier Congrès International d’Histoire de l’Océanographie, Monaco (1966). Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique (Monaco), Numéro Special 2(2): 417-437
  • Theodorides, Jean (1970). "Audouin, Jean Victor". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 328–329. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. 
  • J. Théodoridès, 1978. Un zoologiste de l’époque romantique, Jean-Victor Audouin (1797-1841). Secrétariat d’État aux Universités, Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Mémoires de la Section des Sciences 6: 128 pp

External links[edit]