Jeanne Paquin

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Caricature of Jeanne Paquin by Sem, 1910.

Jeanne Paquin (French pronunciation: ​[ʒan pakɛ̃]) (1869–1936) was a leading French fashion designer, known for her resolutely modern and innovative designs.

Born in Saint-Denis in 1869, Paquin trained as a dressmaker at Rouff and later opened her own fashion house in 1891. The Maison Paquin quickly became known for its eighteenth century-inspired pastel evening dresses and tailored day dresses, as well as for its numerous publicity stunts, including organizing fashion parades to promote her new models and sending her models to operas and races in order to show off her designs. Paquin also frequently collaborated with the illustrators and architects Léon Bakst, George Barbier, Robert Mallet-Stevens, and Louis Süe for the creation of stage costumes, the publication of dress albums and the decoration of her private residences, reinforcing her reputation as a thoroughly modern designer. Beginning in 1912, the her fashions were attractively illustrated in the fashion magazine La Gazette du Bon Ton with six other leading Paris designers of the day – Madeleine Chéruit, Georges Doeuillet, Jacques Doucet, Paul Poiret, Redfern & Sons, and the House of Worth.

Jeanne Paquin withdrew from the House in 1920, leaving the administration with Henri Joire, and the artistic direction to Madeleine Wallis.[1] In 1936, the year Jeanne Paquin died, Ana de Pombo became the house designer at Paquin,[1] with the Spanish designer Antonio del Castillo as her assistant. Castillo was Paquin's artistic director during the Second World War, until he left to join Elizabeth Arden in the United States in 1945,[2] at which point he was succeeded by Colette Massignac.[1] From 1949 to 1953, the Basque[3] designer Lou Claverie headed the label, and for its final years, Paquin was headed by an American, Alan Graham, before its closure on 1 July 1956.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "PAQUIN". Encyclopædia Universalis. Encyclopædia Universalis France S.A. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Woodhead, Lindy (2010). War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein and Miss Elizabeth Arden: Their Lives, Their Times, Their Rivalry. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118040034. 
  3. ^ "Dior Frocks Follow Pattern - Silk Frocks Featured by Top Designers". Long Island Star-Journal. 10 January 1957. Retrieved 22 February 2013. "Designer Lou Claverie, who cames from the Basque country, has also designed a loose smock coat..." 

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