Jeanne Shaheen

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Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen, official Senate photo portrait, 2009.jpg
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2009
Serving with Kelly Ayotte
Preceded by John E. Sununu
78th Governor of New Hampshire
In office
January 9, 1997 – January 9, 2003
Preceded by Steve Merrill
Succeeded by Craig Benson
Member of the New Hampshire Senate from the 21st District
In office
1992–1996
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by Iris Estabrook
Personal details
Born Cynthia Jeanne Bowers
(1947-01-28) January 28, 1947 (age 67)
St. Charles, Missouri
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Bill Shaheen (3 children)
Residence Madbury, New Hampshire
Alma mater Shippensburg University (B.A.)
University of Mississippi (M.A.)
Profession Teacher
Religion Non-Denominational Protestant
Website www.shaheen.senate.gov

Jeanne Shaheen (born Cynthia Jeanne Bowers; January 28, 1947) is an American politician, a member of the Democratic Party, and the senior United States Senator from New Hampshire. She is the first female U.S. Senator in New Hampshire's history, was the first woman to be elected Governor of New Hampshire and she is the first woman in U.S. history to be elected as both a Governor and a U.S. Senator.[1]

After serving two terms in the New Hampshire Senate, Shaheen was elected Governor in 1996. She was re-elected in 1998 and 2000, forgoing a fourth term to run for the United States Senate in 2002, losing to Republican John E. Sununu. She then served as Director of the Harvard Institute of Politics, before resigning to run again for the U.S. Senate again in the 2008 election, defeating Sununu in a rematch. Shaheen is the first Democratic senator from New Hampshire since John A. Durkin, who was defeated in 1980, and is currently the Dean of the New Hampshire congressional delegation.

Early life, education, and pre-political career[edit]

Shaheen was born Cynthia Jeanne Bowers in Saint Charles, Missouri, the daughter of Belle E. and Ivan E. Bowers.[2] She is the wife of Lebanese-American attorney and political operative Bill Shaheen. They have three children. She graduated from high school in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, and earned a bachelor's degree in English from Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania and a master's degree from the University of Mississippi. She taught high school in Mississippi and moved to New Hampshire in 1973, where she taught school and owned a small business.

Early political career[edit]

A Democrat, she worked on several campaigns before running for office in 1990, when she was elected to the state Senate. In 1996, 1998 and 2000 she was elected governor of New Hampshire.

In April 2005, Shaheen was named director of Harvard's Institute of Politics, succeeding former U.S. Representative and Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman.

Governor of New Hampshire[edit]

Shaheen's original decision to run for New Hampshire Governor followed the retirement of Republican Governor Steve Merrill. Her opponent in 1996 was Ovide M. Lamontagne, then chairman of the State Board of Education. Shaheen ran as a moderate. Her campaign centered on the problems of New Hampshire's schools and her pledge to expand kindergartens so that more children statewide could benefit from them. She defeated Lamontagne by 57 to 40 percent.[3]

In 1996, Shaheen was the first woman to be elected governor of New Hampshire. (She was not, however, the first woman to serve as New Hampshire's governor; Vesta M. Roy was acting governor from December 30, 1982 until January 6, 1983.)

In 1998, she was overwhelmingly re-elected by a margin of 66 to 31 percent.[4]

In both 1996 and 1998, Shaheen pledged to veto any new broad-based taxes for New Hampshire, which taxes neither sales nor its residents' earned income. A school-funding crisis, however, pressured the state's reliance on property taxes.[5]

Running for a third term in 2000, Shaheen refused to renew that no-new-taxes pledge, becoming the first New Hampshire governor in 38 years to win an election without making that pledge. Shaheen's preferred solution to the school-funding problem was not a broad-based tax but legalized video-gambling at state racetracks—a solution repeatedly rejected by the NH legislature.[6]

In 2001 Shaheen tried to implement a 2.5 percent sales tax, the first broad-based tariff of its kind in history of New Hampshire. Unlike neighboring New England states New Hampshire does not have a sales tax. The state's legislature rejected her proposal.[7] She also proposed an increase in the state's cigarette tax and a 4.5 percent capital gains tax.

Presidential politics[edit]

2000[edit]

During the 2000 Democratic presidential primary in New Hampshire, Governor Shaheen expressed support for Al Gore and her husband Bill Shaheen served as Gore's New Hampshire campaign manager. Gore won a narrow but critical victory in the New Hampshire primary over Bill Bradley.[8]

Gore named Jeanne Shaheen to his short list of potential vice presidential nominees, which also included Indiana Senator Evan Bayh, then-North Carolina Senator John Edwards, then-House Minority Leader Dick Gephardt, Massachusetts Senator John Kerry, and Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman.[9] Shaheen quickly acknowledged that, while appreciative of the speculation, she would not be a candidate for vice president, and she urged the Gore campaign to withdraw her name from consideration. Gore went on to choose Lieberman as his running mate.

2004[edit]

After a short time teaching at Harvard University (and a fellowship in the Institute of Politics with former Massachusetts Governor Jane Swift), she was named national chairperson of John Kerry's 2004 presidential campaign in September 2003.

U.S. Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

2002

After she was elected to three two-year terms as Governor, Shaheen declined to run for a fourth term, instead choosing to run for the U.S. Senate in 2002 when she was defeated by Republican John E. Sununu, by a 51 percent to 47 percent margin (19,751 votes). In a recent interview with the Concord Monitor, Shaheen attributed her loss in part to "discussion about the job that [she] did as governor." At that time, early Republican advertisements slammed her support for putting a sales tax on the ballot or faulted her for failing schools.[10]

In June 2004, former Republican consultant Allen Raymond pleaded guilty to jamming Democratic Party lines set up to get New Hampshire Democrats to the polls in 2002, an action that some (most notably former Senator Bob Smith, whom Sununu had defeated in the Republican primary) believe may have contributed to Shaheen's narrow loss.[11] A judge sentenced Raymond to five months in jail in February 2005. Charles McGee, the former state GOP executive director, was sentenced to seven months for his role.

Raymond alleged that James Tobin, Northeast field director for the National Republican Senatorial Committee, masterminded the plot. In December 2005, Tobin was convicted of two federal felonies arising from the phone-jamming and sentenced to ten months in prison but that conviction was reversed after Tobin's lawyers appealed. In October, 2008, prosecutors filed two new felony indictments which charged that James Tobin lied to a FBI agent when he was interviewed in 2003 about his role in the phone-jamming case.[12] These subsequent charges were summarily dismissed in 2009 after the federal judge in Maine's District Court found them motivated by 'vindictive prosecution.'[13]

The race was the first time two candidates with Lebanese-American families, although Shaheen herself is not Lebanese-American, have squared off in a Senate race.[14]

2008

In late 2006, analysts looking ahead to the 2008 U.S. Senate races pointed to John E. Sununu's seat in New Hampshire as a likely competitive contest. Democratic Governor of New Hampshire John Lynch, who was re-elected with 74% of the vote in 2006, had ruled himself out of running against Sununu, leaving some to begin looking to Shaheen as the obvious candidate. On March 18, the Nashua Telegraph announced that several Democratic polls showed Shaheen the best candidate to defeat Sununu, who trailed the former Governor in several polls, one putting Shaheen ahead of Sununu by nearly 30 points (57–29).[15] In early July 2007 through UNH, CNN and WMUR put out a poll[16] regarding the New Hampshire 2008 Senate race. The poll showed that Shaheen would beat Sununu in a race (54–38). Other Democratic candidates did not have this type of lead, which led many to believe Shaheen would be the right choice to beat Sununu in 2008.

Shaheen on the campaign trail at Dartmouth College, July 2008

In April 2007, Shaheen met with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nevada) and Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee Chairman Chuck Schumer (D-New York) about a possible US Senate run. The Senators both said that she would have strong support from the DSCC if she ran. The move came as a sign that Shaheen was more than likely to seek a rematch against Sununu. Two months later, in June 2007, the Rothenburg Political Report stated that Shaheen was then "likely to run" for the US Senate. In addition, at the New Hampshire Democratic Convention, former New Hampshire Democratic Chairwoman Kathy Sullivan announced that she was forming a draft movement of several legislators, activists, and party organizers to convince Shaheen to run for the US Senate. Some of the announced candidates said that they would yield to Shaheen if she announced plans to run, while Shaheen's husband, Bill, said that Shaheen would make an announcement in September regarding her plans.

On September 14, 2007, Shaheen announced that she intended to run for the Senate against Sununu.[17] On September 15, 2007, she formally launched her US Senate bid at her home in Madbury, New Hampshire. Six days later, on September 21, EMILY's List endorsed her campaign.

Shaheen defeated Sununu 52% to 45% (44,535 votes).

2014

Shaheen intends to run for re-election to a second term in 2014.[18]

In March 2014, former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown announced he was forming an exploratory committee to run against Shaheen. According to the Boston Herald, "Granite State Republicans are calling U.S. Sen. Jeanne Shaheen a hypocrite for asking potential GOP challenger and former U.S. Sen. Scott Brown to keep “outside” money out of the campaign while she fills the Democratic war chest on the West Coast."[19]

Tenure[edit]

On January 6, 2009, Shaheen was sworn into the United States Senate.

Fiscal

On October 11, 2011, Shaheen voted to proceed with a proposed bill which included $446 billion in spending on infrastructure and schools and provided funding for state and local governments, as well as an extension of the payroll tax deduction. The spending would have been paid for by a 5.6 percent surtax on incomes above $1 million. The bill failed to obtain cloture.[20]

Shaheen intends to vote for the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013, as negotiated by Democratic Senator Patty Murray and Republican Congressman Paul Ryan.[21]

Gun control

On April 17, 2013, Shaheen voted for the Manchin-Toomey Amendment to expand background checks for gun purchases.[22]

Tobacco

In June 2009, Shaheen cosponsored and voted for the bipartisan Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, giving the Food and Drug Administration the power to regulate the tobacco industry.[23][24] The bill requires companies to disclose all the ingredients used in their cigarettes and charges the FDA with policing the industry against youth-targeted advertising.[25]

Health care

Also in 2009, Shaheen partnered with U.S. Senator Susan Collins to introduce the bipartisan Medicare Transitional Care Act, which provides follow-up care for discharged hospital patients in order to reduce the need for re-hospitalizations.[26] The bill passed in 2010,[27] and research at the University of Pennsylvania predicts the measure will lower the cost of health care by as much as $5,000 per Medicare beneficiary while also improving health care quality and reducing re-hospitalizations.[28]

In December 2009, Shaheen voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly called ObamaCare or the Affordable Care Act).[29] Shaheen was the 60th Senate vote for the Affordable Care Act, clinching its passage.[30]

In advance of the roll-out of the Affordable Care Act, Shaheen said that people who liked their current health care plans could keep them.[31] When asked about individuals who were losing their health care plans due to the Affordable Care Act, Shaheen said people could keep their health care plans if they were "willing to pay more."[32]

Education

In March 2010, Shaheen voted to pass the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, which increased Pell Grants while also ending the practice of distributing federal student loans through banks.[33] The bill cuts out the middleman and institutes direct lending to students, a move that the OMB scored as saving taxpayers $68 billion over 11 years.[34][35]

Energy

Following the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, Shaheen proposed abolishing the Minerals Management Service, the U.S. government agency tasked with regulating offshore drilling, arguing that reform had been insufficient and that a new agency was needed.[36] Shaheen also proposed legislation giving the President's bipartisan BP Oil Spill Commission subpoena power in their investigation.[37] She has argued that subpoena power is necessary to avoid another such disaster, emphasizing the spill's economic costs to the Gulf Coast region and the economy as a whole.[38]

Iraq war

In 2002, when Shaheen narrowly lost to Sununu, both supported "regime change" for Iraq.[39]

Shaheen said that she came to supporting the policy of removing Saddam Hussein from power after meeting with former Clinton-administration National Security Advisor Sandy Berger. According to the Concord Monitor and Associated Press, the issue was a minor one in the race.

Shaheen later questioned George W. Bush's handling of the situation in Iraq. In September, 2004 she said

“George (W.) Bush has taken us in the wrong direction. He misled us into war in Iraq. That war has not made us safer and more secure at home… You know, we have not stabilized Afghanistan. We have not stabilized Iraq. There is no plan to win the peace.”

On July 28, 2004, while serving as Chair of the Kerry-Edwards Campaign, Gov. Shaheen answered questions about her prior support of the Iraq war during an interview on C-SPAN.[40]

"George (W.) Bush said that the reason we needed to go to war in Iraq, the reason we needed to remove Saddam Hussein was because he had weapons of mass destruction, weapons that could be used against this country, because he had ties to al Qaeda and the terrorists who were responsible for the Sept 11 tragedy.

What we know now and what George Bush and Dick Cheney have admitted is that in fact Saddam Hussein did not have weapons of mass destruction…. The links to al Qaeda that the president talked about were not there…. While I appreciate that there was an effort to make people in this county think that [there was a connection]… the fact is that’s not true."

LGBT rights

Shaheen initially opposed same-sex marriage as governor of New Hampshire. In 2009, however, she came out in favor of the legislative enactment of marriage equality for same-sex couples, and became a sponsor of the Respect for Marriage Act.[41] She also voted in favor of the repeal of Don't ask, don't tell, and supports government recognition of same-sex spouses of military and other government personnel.[42]

Committee assignments[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

U.S. Senate (Class II) elections in New Hampshire: Results 2002–2008[43]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2002 Jeanne Shaheen 207,478 46% John E. Sununu 227,229 51% Ken Blevens Libertarian 9,835 2% Bob Smith Write-in 2,396 1% *
2008 Jeanne Shaheen 358,947 52% John E. Sununu 314,412 45% Ken Blevens Libertarian 21,381 3%
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2002, write-ins received 197 votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ KATHARINE Q. SEELYE (1 January 2013). "From Congress to Halls of State, in New Hampshire, Women Rule". New York Times. 
  2. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/senators/shaheen.htm
  3. ^ Gov. Jeanne Shaheen. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  4. ^ Shaheen survives heated Humphrey challenge. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  5. ^ The 'Live Free or Die' State in a Tough Spot on Taxes. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  6. ^ Shaheen, N.H. lawmakers still face school issue. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  7. ^ Jeanne Shaheen "Jeanne Shaheen". New Hampshire Public Radio. Retrieved May 23, 2009. 
  8. ^ Dem. & GOP Primaries: New Hampshire. Retrieved April 16, 2008. Archived April 10, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Gore, Lieberman prepare for public debut of Democratic ticket. Retrieved April 16, 2008. Archived February 21, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ DORGAN, LAUREN R. (July 2, 2008). "Shaheen turns incumbent tables". Concord Monitor Online. 
  11. ^ Phone-jamming was an outrage. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  12. ^ "New indictments filed in phone-jamming case". Concordmonitor.com. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  13. ^ Harrison, Judy (February 18, 2009). "District judge clears Tobin". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  14. ^ Arab-American showdown for Senate seat. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
  15. ^ Shaheen/Sununu 2008 Senate Ballot. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  16. ^ Shaheen Beats Sununu In Latest Poll. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  17. ^ Shaheen to run for Senate. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  18. ^ "Jeanne Shaheen in for 2014 Senate race". Fosters.com. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  19. ^ McGovern, Bob (2014-03-16). "Scott Brown calls out Jeanne Shaheen". Boston Herald. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  20. ^ Napp Nazworth (11 October 2011). "Obama's Jobs Bill Fails to Pass in Senate". Christian Post. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  21. ^ http://www.shaheen.senate.gov/news/press/release/?id=965F2052-70F4-45F7-AA0B-84E7B45EAB17
  22. ^ Ben Leubsdorf (18 April 2013). "Ayotte's 'no' vote helps defeat background check legislation". Concord Monitor. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Bill Summary & Status - 111th Congress (2009 - 2010) - S.982 - Cosponsors - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Senate Passes Family Smoking Prevention And Tobacco Control Act – FDA To Have Unprecedented Powers To Regulate Tobacco". Medicalnewstoday.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Dover NH, Rochester NH, Portsmouth NH, Laconia NH, Sanford ME". Fosters.com. February 19, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  27. ^ Holly Ramer. "Transitional care part of overhaul". SeacoastOnline.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  28. ^ Reichard, John (June 17, 2009). "Bill Aims to Ease Transition From Hospital to Home". CQ Politics. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  29. ^ John DiStaso (5 June 2013). "Conservative HG group airs first TV ad of '14 US Senate election". New Hampshire Union Leader. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  30. ^ Rubin, Jennifer (2014-1-15). "Why Jeanne Shaheen should be nervous". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  31. ^ Miller, Joseph (2014-03-18). "Scott Brown, Jeanne Shaheen go on offense in N.H. Senate race". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  32. ^ Hynes, Patrick (2-3-2014). "Shaheen: "Pay more’ to keep your doc,’ won’t say if she’d vote for O-Care again". New Hampshire Journal. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  33. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  34. ^ "One Issue Where Obama Really Is Winning | The New Republic". Tnr.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Student loan reform: What will it mean for students?". CSMonitor.com. March 30, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  36. ^ Sherman, Jake. Sen. Jeanne Shaheen: Abolish MMS. Politico. May 26, 2010.
  37. ^ “”. "GOP Objects to Giving Subpoena Power to BP Oil Spill Commission". YouTube. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  38. ^ SenatorShaheen. "Senator Shaheen Discusses Subpoena Power for the BP Oil Spill Commission on Hardball". YouTube. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  39. ^ Shaheen supported war, too. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  40. ^ Jeanne Shaheen, National Chair, Kerry-Edwards Campaign
  41. ^ Andrew Harmon (November 1, 2011). "Jeanne Shaheen on Marriage Equality, Military Benefits". The Advocate. 
  42. ^ "SHAHEEN: GAY SOLDIER’S FAMILY SHOULD GET SAME RIGHTS AS OTHER FAMILIES". Senate site of Jeanne Shaheen. October 18, 2011. 
  43. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved August 8, 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Steve Merrill
Governor of New Hampshire
January 9, 1997 – January 9, 2003
Succeeded by
Craig Benson
United States Senate
Preceded by
John Sununu
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Hampshire
January 3, 2009 – present
Served alongside: Judd Gregg, Kelly Ayotte
Incumbent
Preceded by
Barack Obama
D-Illinois
Chairwoman of the Senate Foreign
Relations Subcommittee on European Affairs

2009 –2013
Succeeded by
Chris Murphy
D-Connecticut
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wayne King
Democratic Party nominee for Governor of New Hampshire
1996, 1998, 2000
Succeeded by
Mark Fernald
Preceded by
Dick Swett
Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator from New Hampshire
(Class 2)

2002, 2008
Succeeded by
Most recent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Johanns
R-Nebraska
United States Senators by seniority
59th
Succeeded by
Mark Warner
D-Virginia