French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (R97)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jeanne d'Arc (R 97))
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see French ship Jeanne d'Arc.
Jeanne d'Arc
Jeanne d'Arc
Jeanne d'Arc
Career (France)
Namesake: Joan of Arc
Laid down: 1959
Launched: 1961
Commissioned: 1964
Decommissioned: 1 September 2010[1]
Renamed: Built as La Résolue, renamed to Jeanne d'Arc in 1964
Homeport: Brest
Identification: R 97
Nickname: "La Jeanne"
Fate: To be dismantled
General characteristics
Displacement: 10,575 tons (standard)
12,365 tons (loaded)
Length: 182 m (597 ft)
Beam: 24 m (79 ft)
Draught: 7.5 m (25 ft)
Propulsion: Four 10,000 horsepower (7.5 MW) power plants with automatic heating, 29 420 kW
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 26.5 kn (49.1 km/h; 30.5 mph)
6,800 nmi (12,600 km; 7,800 mi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement: 627 (total), 31 officers, 182 petty officers, 414 quartermasters and sailors, 150 cadet officers
Sensors and
processing systems:
1 DRBV 22 D

1 DRBV51A
2 DRBN34
1 DRBC32A
1 Sonar DUBV24

1 Inmarsat
Electronic warfare
and decoys:
Nixie
Armament: 6 x Exocet-38 anti-ship missiles

2 x 100 mm gun turrets (4 originally, two removed in 2000)

4 x 12.7mm machine guns
Aircraft carried: 4 Super Frelon (8 in war)

Jeanne d'Arc was a helicopter cruiser of the French Navy. She was the third vessel of the French Navy named after Joan of Arc ("Jeanne d'Arc", in French), a national heroine of France and saint of the Catholic Church who repelled the English invasion during the Hundred Years' War.

In peacetime, Jeanne d'Arc was used for teaching and training purposes; however, in case of emergency or crisis, she was to have become a fully capable helicopter cruiser. Toward the end of her service life Jeanne d'Arc became unsuitable for the role due to the increasing size and weight of helicopters.

Jeanne d'Arc was built as La Résolue, as her predecessor, Jeanne d'Arc of 1930, was still in service. She was renamed Jeanne d'Arc in 1964. The ship was retired in May 2010 and decommissioned in September 2010.

Career[edit]

Missions[edit]

In peacetime, Jeanne d'Arc was a teaching and training vessel for the naval officers' application academy, and at the same time possessed an aerial group of 2 Aérospatiale Puma helicopters and 2 Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopters of the light aviation of the French Army, as well as two helicopters Alouette III of naval aviation.

Jeanne d'Arc was capable of combat deployment, either in the anti-submarine warfare role with 8 WG 13 Lynx helicopters, or for external missions by carrying Puma or Gazelle helicopters from the light aviation of the French Army. Initially, she was also able to carry landing troops and Sikorsky or Super Frelon helicopters.

Jeanne d'Arc could carry roughly 10 light or heavy helicopters and simultaneously handle the takeoff and landing of 3 helicopters.

Jeanne d'Arc while performing its last cruise, docked in New York City.

Following the development of the anti-ship missile Exocet, Jeanne d'Arc was fitted with the system in 1974.[2]

In 2008, Jeanne d'Arc was deployed in an anti-piracy role in the Gulf of Aden.[3] The ship was used as part of the rescue effort of Le Ponant during the April 2008 hostage-taking incident. A Gazelle helicopter from Jeanne d'Arc carrying snipers chased and captured pirates who had escaped on 4x4 vehicles after the hostages had been freed.[4]

Jeanne d'Arc commenced her final cruise on December 2009. The last trip included visits to Africa, South America including Rio to Buenos Aires, Lima, the French Antilles, the United States of America including New York city and Canada. The deployment was completed in May 2010 with a return to the port of Brest in France on 27 May 2010. On its final mission, Jeanne d'Arc, continued to perform in its role as a training vessel for French navy midshipmen. On this final voyage she was accompanied by the frigate Courbet (F712), and carried a French training squadron with 103 cadets, including twelve from nine foreign countries.[5]

End of service formalities[edit]

The helicopter carrier Jeanne d'Arc was formally removed from active service in the French Marine Nationale on 7 June 2010. The necessary disarmament operations were formalised by decree of the Ministry of Defence on 4 June 2010 and announced in the Official Bulletin or the Marine Nationale, Edition No. 26 on 25 June 2010. The announcement stated that these disarmament procedures where to be conducted under the authority of the Admiral commanding the Naval Action Force (ALFAN), the Minister of Defence and the Deputy Chief of Staff, Support and finance", Hubert Sciorella.[6]

Hull Q 860, formerly Jeanne d'Arc, moored in Brest under the École de maistrance

On 1 September 2010, at 11:30, Jeanne d'Arc's colours and name were withdrawn, formally ending her life as a ship in the Marine Nationale. This last ceremony of the colours on Jeanne d'Arc was held in the ship's home port of Brest. Following disarmament in l'Arsenal basin at Brest the ship continued to be moored at the naval base. On 9 September 2010 the former Jeanne d'Arc was removed of its naval number R 97 and moved to Piriouas as the hull Q 860 to conduct the work of securing the hulk and extracting the remaining recoverable hardware. The task of establishing an inventory of hazardous materials present on the vessel will take place in the naval yards prior to dismantling the hull and could take up to two years. A tender will then be spent for its dismantling. The French Navy currently has 76 hulks ready to be dismantled. The issue remains sensitive following problems arising from the disposal and dismantling of the former Clemenceau. In 2014. it was decided that Jeanne d'Arc would be dismantled at Bordeaux by the Bartin Recycling Group and Pétrofer, subsidiaries of Veolia Group.[7] The contract was worth approximately 11.5 million Euros.[8]

Similar Vessels[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jeanne d'Arc". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Osborne, Eric W. (2004). Cruisers and Battle Cruisers: An Illustrated History of their Impact. ABC-CLIO. p. 154. ISBN 1851093699. 
  3. ^ Joshi, Mohit (24 January 2009). "French Navy's training at Kochi Port". TopNews.in. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Zecchini, Laurent (12 April 2008). "Les commandos français envoyés à l'assaut des pirates en Somalie". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Press officer (Consulate general of France) NYC, accessed 4 October 2010[dead link]
  6. ^ "Décision n° 0-25103-2010/DEF/EMM/STN portant changement de position du porte-hélicoptères «Jeanne d’Arc »" (in French) (No. 26 ed.). Bulletin Officiel Des Armees. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Le démantèlement des ex-"Colbert" et "Jeanne d’Arc" se fera à Bordeaux". Le Marin (in French). 12 June 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Veolia starts operations to dismantle the Former Jeanne d'Arc cruiser at the Atlantic port of Bordeaux". Veolia Group. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 

External links[edit]