Joan of Ponthieu, Dame of Epernon

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Jeanne de Ponthieu
suo jure Dame d'Épernon
Countess of Vendôme and of Castres
Spouse(s) Jean VI de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and of Castres
Issue
Bouchard VII de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and of Castres
Catherine de Vendôme
Noble family Ivrea
Father Jean II de Ponthieu, Count of Aumale
Mother Catherine d'Artois
Born before 1336
France
Died 30 May 1376

Jeanne de Ponthieu, dame d'Épernon, Countess of Vendôme and of Castres (Jeanne de Ponthieu, dame d'Épernon, comtesse de Vendôme et de Castres, before 1336 – 30 May 1376)[1] was a French noblewoman, the youngest daughter of Jean II de Ponthieu, Count of Aumale. She was the wife of Jean VI de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and of Castres. She acted as regent for her infant granddaughter Jeanne, suo jure Countess of Vendôme from 1371 until the child's premature death in 1372.

Family[edit]

Jeanne was born in France sometime before 1336, the youngest daughter of Jean II de Ponthieu, Count of Aumale, and Catherine d'Artois (1296 – November 1368). She had an elder sister Blanche de Ponthieu (before 1326 – 12 April/May 1387) who became suo jure Countess of Aumale on 16 January 1340 upon the death of their father. Blanche was the wife of Jean V de Harcourt, Count of Harcourt, by whom she had issue.

Jeanne, who was also known as the Dame d'Épernon, was a direct descendant of King Ferdinand III of Castile by his second wife Joan, Countess of Ponthieu. King Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile were also among her many royal ancestors. Her paternal grandparents were Jean I de Ponthieu, Count of Aumale and Ide de Meullent. Her maternal grandparents were Philip of Artois and Blanche of Brittany, also known as Blanche de Bretagne, herself the granddaughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.[2] The seigneury of Épernon was part of her father's inheritance which came into his family about 1256 upon the marriage of his grandmother Laure de Montfort, Dame d'Épernon to the Infante Ferdinand of Castile, Count of Aumale.

The ruins of the medieval castle of Vendôme, home of the Counts of Vendôme

Marriage and issue[edit]

On an unknown date sometime before 1351, Jeanne married Jean VI de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and of Castres, Seigneur de Lézingnan-en-Narbonnois, and de Brétencourt of the House of Montoire. He was the son of Bouchard VI de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and Alix de Bretagne. He succeeded to his titles in 1354; from that time onward, Jeanne was styled as Countess of Vendôme and of Castres. Jean and Jeanne together had two children:[3]

In 1362, the castle and town of Vendôme were plundered by the Anglo-Gascon troops of Captain Robert Marcault, and Jeanne was taken prisoner. She was later ransomed. In 1367, she ordered that the walls of the castle were to be strengthened, and personally superintended the fortifications.

Upon the death of her husband in February 1364 at Montpellier, Jeanne's son Bouchard became Count of Vendôme and of Castres. When he died in 1371, the titles passed to his infant daughter, Jeanne. Jeanne de Ponthieu acted as regent for her granddaughter from 1371 until the latter's death in 1372. The titles were inherited by Catherine, the only surviving child of Jeanne de Ponthieu. Catherine held the titles jointly with her husband until 1393, then with her second eldest son Louis, Count of Vendôme.

Jeanne died on 30 May 1376. Through her daughter Catherine, Jeanne was an ancestress of Anne of France, Queen consort Catherine de Medici, King Henry IV of France, Mary, Queen of Scots, and the current British Royal Family.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Northern France, Nobility, Comtes de Ponthieu (Castile)[page needed]
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Northern France, Nobility Comtes de Ponthieu (Castile)[page needed]
  3. ^ Sandret, Louis, Revue nobiliaire historique et biographique, Vol.2, (Quai des Augustins, Paris, 1866), 194.