Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz

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Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz
Jeay Sindh Movement
Founder G M Syed
Founded 1995
Headquarters Sann, Sindh
Ideology Sindhi nationalism
Colors Red, White & Black

Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (Sindhi: جيئي سنڌ قومي محاذ, JSQM) is a political party of Sindh that believes in liberation of Sindh.

Jiyay Sindh movement was formed in 1972 by G. M. Syed with the original intention to secede Sindh from Pakistan and form Sindhudesh,. It was later renamed Jeay Sindh Mahz by militant groups. Sindhi separatists propagate the view that they suffer from disenfranchisement from Pakistan They think that Sindh in federal Pakistan goes against the rights and status promised during the Pakistan movement and in the Lahore resolution of 1940 according to which provinces of Pakistan were to be autonomous and sovereign and Pakistan will be a loose federation of various states.

Economic activities in Sindh generate 70 percent in country’s overall revenues, mostly generated in Karachi, and 60 percent in the natural resources including oil, fossil gas, coal etc. and barely receives 12 percent of its contribution in return.[1] The contemporary Sindh nationalism strongly stems from water concerns. Musharaf government formed a national water committee in 2004 headed by veteran water and irrigation expert A.N.G Abassi. Mr. Abasi and his team after an in depth research in 2005 validated Sindh’s concerns and suggested government to avoid the construction of Kalabagh Dam.

JSQM has held at least three massive people’s rallies called Sindh Freedom March in Karachi city in 2009, 2012 and 2014 in which hundreds of thousands Sindhis attended and demanded freedom of Sindh.[2][3][4] The recent Sindh Freedom March held in Karachi on March 23, 2014 was attended by more than five million SIndhis and demanded international community’s intervention for the freedom of Sindh.[5]

JSQM was led by Bashir Qureshi until his death on 7 April 2012. Bashir Qureshi according to JSQM was poisoned to death by the Pakistani intelligence agencies.[6] His Brother Maqssod Qureshi was also burned alive in 2014 by the intelligence agencies.[7]

After the death of Bashir Qureshi, JSQM was intermily led by Senior Vice Chairperson of the party Niaz Kalani; however later on the highest policy making forum of the JSQM, ‘the Gmist Council’ elected Sunnan Qurshi as a Chairperson of the party which was welcomed by all leading figures of JSQM including Niaz Kalani, Asif Baladi and Akash Mallah.[8]

Hundreds of JSQM activists hitherto have been killed in the fake encounters by the Pakistani armed forces and thousands are claimed to be detained.[9][10]

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