Jebel Akhdar, Libya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aljabal Alakhdar(Libya)
The Jebel Akhdar in the Al Bakour area.
Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar.jpg
The Jebel Akhdar is Libya's wettest region. Annual rainfall averages at between 400 and 600 millimeters.

The Jebel Akhdar (Arabic: الجبل الأخضرal-Jabal al-Akhḍar, English: The Green Mountain) is a heavily forested, fertile upland area in northeastern Libya. It is located in the modern Shabiyahs or Districts of Derna, Jabal al Akhdar, and Marj.

Geography[edit]

The Jebel Akhdar consists of a mountainous plateau rising to an altitude of 500 metres (1,600 ft), cut by several valleys and wadis. It lies northeast of Benghazi and south of Derna and the Mediterranean Sea. The region is one of the very few forested areas of Libya, which taken as a whole is one of the least forested countries on Earth. It is the wettest part of Libya, receiving some 600 millimetres (24 in) of precipitation annually. The high rainfall contributes to the area's large forests containing Chammari, and enables rich fruit, potato, and cereal agriculture, something of a rarity in the arid country.

The city of Bayda is the capital of Jabal al Akdhar District and one of the region's largest cities.

History[edit]

Ancient

The ancient Greek colony of Cyrene was located in a lush valley in the Jebel Akhdar, with the ruins remaining.

Liberation

The Libyan leader Omar Mukhtar used this heavily forested mountainous region to resist the Italian military occupation of Libya as Italian colony for more than twenty years, where he organized and devised strategies for the Libyan resistance against Italian Libya.

See also[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 32°35′52″N 21°28′22″E / 32.597734°N 21.472778°E / 32.597734; 21.472778