Jebel Irhoud is an archaeological cave site located near Sidi Moktar, about 100 km west of Marrakesh, Morocco. Since circa 1991, seven significant hominid fossils have been discovered, and are currently dated to circa 160,000 years ago. The fossils include portions of two adult skulls (Irhoud 1 and Irhoud 2), a child’s mandible (Irhoud 3), and a child’s humerus (Irhoud 4).
The significance of the original discoveries of Irhoud 1, 2 and 3, (found during quarrying for Barytes) was not fully understood until 2007, as they were initially considered to be North African Neandertals. They are now grouped with other early anatomically modern humans such as Qafzeh and Es Skhul in Israel.
In 2007, the Max Planck Institute announced that Synchrotron analysis of a tooth from the Irhoud 3 child's mandible revealed that 'long childhood' and consequent brain and social development was a key element in the earliest Homo sapiens.
- List of fossil sites (with link directory)
- List of hominina (hominid) fossils (with images)
- List of transitional fossils
- List of notable fossils
- Detailed article at PhysOrg.com
- The Guardian, 160,000-year-old jawbone redefines origins of the species