Jeep Compass

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Jeep Compass
Jeep Compass -- 03-21-2012 1.JPG
2011-present Jeep Compass (US)
Overview
Manufacturer Jeep (Chrysler)
Production 2006[1]– 2014
Model years 2007 – 2014
Assembly United States: Belvidere, Illinois (Belvidere Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Compact Crossover SUV
Body style 4-door SUV
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler PM/MK platform
Related Mitsubishi Lancer
Dodge Caliber
Jeep Patriot
Mitsubishi Outlander
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L World I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L VW I4 (t/c diesel)
2.2 L OM651 I4 (t/c diesel)
2.4 L World I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 5-speed Magna T355 manual
6-speed Aisin BG6 manual
6-speed Hyundai 6F24 automatic
CVT Jatco JF011E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103.7 in (2,634 mm)
Length 173.4 in (4,404 mm)
Width 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
Height 2007–09: 64.2 in (1,631 mm)
2010–: 65.2 in (1,656 mm)
Chronology
Successor Jeep Cherokee

The Jeep Compass (MK49) is a compact crossover SUV introduced for the 2007 model year. The Jeep Compass, along with the Patriot both slot below the Jeep Wrangler as Jeep's entry-level sport utility vehicles, and is one of Jeep's first crossover SUVs.

History[edit]

Concept[edit]

Four years prior to the introduction of the production Jeep Compass, a concept vehicle with the same name had its world premiere in Detroit at the 2002 North American International Auto Show. It featured a two door body, all-wheel drive and a 3.7-liter V6 engine.[2]

The 3.7L Power-Tech V6 engine from the Jeep Liberty did not make it into the all-new Compass for 2007, though the production model Compass kept the concept car's styling cues and some of its features. The production model compass also had four doors instead of the two doors on the concept car.

Introduction[edit]

2007-10 Jeep Compass (US)

Jeep debuted the production version of the Compass at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in January. The first Compass was assembled on May 30, 2006, in Belvidere, Illinois, where the Dodge Neon was produced.

The Compass did not carry the "Trail Rated" badge found on other SUVs in the Jeep family for the 2007-2010 model years, but received the "Trail Rated" badge for the 2011 model year. This indicates that the Compass targets first-time Jeep buyers and those who drive primarily on paved roads. The Compass and Patriot are both based on the DaimlerChrysler/Mitsubishi GS platform. These vehicles are differentiated by their styling and marketing: The Patriot is a traditionally styled 4-door Jeep wagon, while the Compass shares a more hatchback look, similar in terms to the Dodge Caliber.[3]

Facelift[edit]

2011 Jeep Compass Limited (Europe)

For 2011, Jeep redesigned the Compass to more closely resemble the Grand Cherokee, while keeping its own identity. The 2011 Jeep Compass also receives a revised suspension for better handling, a revised interior with more standard equipment, and more option packages including a Freedom Drive II Off-Road Package which includes a continuously variable transmission fitted with a low-range setting, all-terrain tires inside 17-inch aluminum wheels, skid plates, a four-wheel-drive system, and an increase ground clearance of a full inch.[4] A special edition Compass model commemorates Jeep’s 70th anniversary in 2011, and includes various upgrades, special interiors, badges, wheels, and is available in only three exterior colors: Bronze Star, Bright Silver, and Black.[5]

Powertrain[edit]

The Compass uses a 172 hp (128 kW) 2.4 liter World I4 gasoline engine. The 2.0 liter World engine is available on the 4X2 Sport model. A 2,0 liter l-R4 TDi 103 kW (140 PS) Volkswagen-designed diesel engine was available for the European and Australian markets, replaced in 2011 by the 2,2 liter Mercedes-Benz OM651. The Compass also features two electronically controlled four-wheel drive systems. Freedom Drive I and Freedom Drive II, Freedom Drive I is a full-time four-wheel drive system with locking capabilities; Freedom Drive II is based on Freedom Drive I but by using the vehicle's CVT transmission it is capable of a 19:1 gear reduction simulating a low-range usually found in vehicles with dedicated transfer cases. However, the base model version has only Front wheel drive (FWD), a first for any Jeep.[6] The Trail Rated version of the Compass has passed the same testing of off-road ability as other Jeep vehicles in terms of traction, ground clearance, maneuverability, articulation, and water fording.

Models[edit]

The three basic models of Compass are Sport, Latitude, and Limited.

The Sport served as the base model. It included features such as seventeen-inch alloy wheels, an A/M-F/M stereo with single-disc CD player and four speakers, a heater, cloth seating surfaces, and manual, roll-up windows and manual door locks. Features such as power windows and door locks, a seven-speaker Boston Acoustics premium sound system with a 368-watt external amplifier, and air conditioning were options, though they were not standard on this model.

The Latitude served as the midrange model. It added features onto the Sport, such as air conditioning, keyless entry, a security system, and power windows and door locks. The model became available in 2011.

The Limited served as the top-of-the-line model. It added features such as leather-trimmed seats, had an available sunroof, and remote starter.

A 70th Anniversary Edition model was available, and was based on the Sport model. It added air conditioning, unique leather-trimmed seats, unique alloy wheels, a sunroof, side-impact airbags, a seven-speaker Boston Acoustics premium sound system with a 368-watt external amplifier, power windows and door locks, keyless entry, and a security alarm. This special edition model was only offered in 2011 to celebrate Jeep's 70th anniversary. All Jeep models for 2011 only offered a 70th Anniversary Edition model (Compass, Patriot, Wrangler, Wrangler Unlimited, Liberty, and the Grand Cherokee).

An Altitude Edition model was made available in 2012. It was based upon the Latitude model, and added black-painted alloy wheels, leather-trimmed seats, a sunroof, and a Boston Acoustics premium sound system with a 368-watt external amplifier. The Altitude package was available on the Jeep Grand Cherokee only at first but then was available on the Compass, Patriot, Wrangler, and Wrangler Unlimited as well. All models except the Jeep Grand Cherokee had this model discontinued in 2013 (the Grand Cherokee model continued to offer this model for 2013, where it was discontinued for 2014). The Altitude name was chosen in a contest to name a Grand Cherokee concept car. Because of the Altitude's popularity, Jeep decided to offer it on all models except for the Jeep Liberty.

Future[edit]

On March 4, 2014 it became known that the Compass will be discontinued by August-September 2014. Fiat Chrysler has replaced the Compass with the four-cylinder versions of the 2014 Jeep Cherokee, just as how the V6 Cherokee replaced the Jeep Liberty. On March 9, 2014, a new mini SUV known as the Jeep Renegade was revealed at the Geneva Motor Show. Fiat did not clearly state whether it will directly replace the Compass yet.

Safety[edit]

The Compass was safety tested by Euro NCAP in 2012 and got only two star rating, mainly because it is an old model (despite its exterior update in 2011) and not developed against the new targets.[7]

Euro NCAP test results
Jeep Compass (2012)[8]
Test Points %
Overall: 2 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 22 61%
Child occupant: 37 76%
Pedestrian: 8 23%
Safety assist: 3 43%
NHTSA 2013 Compass:[9]
Overall: 3/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 3/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 3/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 2/5 stars
Side Rear Passenger: 4/5 stars
Rollover AWD: 4/5 stars / 16.4%


Total United States sales[edit]

Calendar Year Sales
2007[10] 39,491
2008[11] 25,349
2009[12] 11,739
2010[13] 15,894
2011[14] 47,709
2012[15] 40,235
2013[16] 52,993

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jeep Compass Production Launch". worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2010-11-26. 
  2. ^ "Jeep Compass concept vehicle". www.ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Kranz, Rick (13 June 2005). "Jeep will reportedly build two car-based vehicles". AutoWeek. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Jeep Resets Compass on New Course in 2011". Automoblog.net. 2010-12-14. Retrieved 2010-12-14. 
  5. ^ Kirby (1 November 2011). "2011 Jeep Compass 70th Anniversary Edition". www.topspeed.com. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  6. ^ McCraw, Jim (12 April 2006). "The First Front-Wheel-Drive Jeep". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Jeep Compass". euroncap.com. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  8. ^ "Euro NCAP results for Jeep Compass". euroncap.com. 2012. 
  9. ^ "2013 Jeep Compass SUV 4WD | Safercar - NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  10. ^ "Total Chrysler LLC December 2007 Sales Up 1 Percent on the Strength of Retail". CheersandGears.com. 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  11. ^ "December 2008 Sales: Chrysler LLC". CheersandGears.com. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  12. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC December 2009 Sales". CheersandGears.com. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  13. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC December 2010 Sales". CheersandGears.com. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  14. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC December 2011".  Sales
  15. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC Reports December 2012 U.S. Sales Increased 10 Percent" (Press release). Chrysler Group LLC. 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  16. ^ http://media.chrysler.com/newsrelease.do?id=15205&mid=1

External links[edit]