|Jeep Gladiator / Jeep Pickup|
Jeep J20 Pickup
|Manufacturer||Willys Motors (1962)
American Motors (1970-87)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door pickup truck|
|Layout||Front-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
|Related||Jeep Wagoneer (SJ)|
|Engine||230 cu in (3.8 L) Tornado I6
232 cu in (3.8 L) AMC I6
258 cu in (4.2 L) AMC I6
327 cu in (5.4 L) AMC Vigilante V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) Buick Dauntless V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) AMC V8
401 cu in (6.6 L) AMC V8
3-speed GM THM400 automatic
3-speed Chrysler A727 automatic
|Wheelbase||120 in (3,048 mm)
132 in (3,353 mm)
165 in (4,191 mm) chassis camper
|Predecessor||Willys Jeep Truck|
The Jeep Gladiator (or Jeep Pickup) is a full-size pickup truck based on the large SJ (Jeep Wagoneer) platform that was built and sold under numerous marques from 1962 to 1988. The Jeep pickup design was noteworthy for being in production for more than 26 years with only minor mechanical changes. There were also military versions contracted by a number of nations in addition to the United States. Numerous versions of the Jeep pickup were built in other markets, including Mexico by Vehículos Automotores Mexicanos.
Introduced in 1962, the Gladiator designations were J200 (short wheelbase trucks, up to mid-1965); J2000; J300 (long wheelbase trucks, up to mid-1967); J3000; and J4000, the first model with a longer 131-inch (3,300 mm) wheelbase.
Gladiator trucks were available as: Cab and Chassis; Wrecker; Stake Bed; and chassis-mounted campers with extended wheelbases. The load bed options were Townside, Thriftside (a "step-side"), and Stake Bed.
During 1965 the 327 cu in (5.4 L) AMC V8 engine became available. It produced 250 hp (186 kW; 253 PS) and 340 pound-feet (461 N·m) of torque at 2600 rpm. The standard Tornado engine was replaced by American Motors' 232 cu in (3.8 L) OHV inline six.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) purchased the Kaiser Jeep operations in 1970 when Kaiser Industries decided to leave the automobile business. The Jeep trucks moved to all AMC engines to improve performance and standardize production and servicing. The Buick engine was replaced by the 360 cu in (5.9 L) or 401 cu in (6.6 L) AMC V8s.
In 1970, the Gladiator's front grille was changed to the same design as the Jeep Wagoneer SUV. This was the truck's first styling change since its introduction. An AMC badge was also added on the grille.
Jeep Truck 1971-1988
The Gladiator name was dropped after 1971, after which the line was known simply as the Jeep pickup. The pickups were designated as J2000 and J4000 models (the 3000 series was dropped in 1971) until 1973, then as J10 and J20 models from 1974 to 1988.
From 1971 to 1972 Jeep pickups offered the AMC 304 cu in (5.0 L) 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS) V8 as an optional engine.
The AMC 258 cu in (4.2L) inline six cylinder was introduced in 1972 and offered through 1988. The engine produced 112 hp and 210 lbs of toque.M.
The AMC 360 was offered in 1971 and through 1988. Producing in early production 175hp and 245 lbs of torque. Later 360s produced 195 hp and 295 lbs of torque.
The AMC 401 was offered in in 1974 through 1979. The combination of rarity, toughness, and excellent power output means that 401 engines are highly sought after. The 401 produced 225 hp and 320 lbs of torque.
For 1977, Jeep J-10 pickups included Dana's manual four-wheel-drive system, a more powerful 258 cu in (4.2 L) six-cylinder engine, and heavier axle tubes, while power front disc brakes became standard equipment and the considerably greater GWV capacity J-20s included AMC's 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8 engine. The 401 cu in (6.6 L) engine was optional, as well as full-time Quadra-Trac and automatic transmissions.
Chrysler bought out AMC in 1987. The full-size Jeep Pickup line was not only an aging model, but also competed directly with the broader range of Dodge trucks. Chrysler discontinued the full-size Jeep trucks, but continued to build the luxurious and highly profitable Grand Wagoneer, which shared the chassis with the large pickups.
The Honcho was a trim package on the J10 pickup, offered from 1976-1983. It consisted of bold striping and decals, and was offered with factory extras such as the Levi's interior or a roll bar. The content of the Honcho package varied from year to year, but "always included the wide-track look of the Cherokee Chief."
The Honcho was one in a series of special decal packages offered for J-Series trucks in the mid to late 1970s, which included the Golden Eagle and the "10-4" which offered an optional Citizens' Band radio along with the decals. The Honcho package was only available on the sportside (stepside) and short bed trucks. Between 1980 and 1983, only 1,264 of the sportside versions were produced.
Decal packages were available for many of Jeep's vehicles in the 1970s, including a package for the Jeep Cherokee called the Cherokee Chief. The Golden Eagle package was also available for both the CJ and the Cherokee.
Jeep truck concepts
2003 small pickup truck
A production-ready version of a Jeep Scrambler pickup was shown in 2003 at the North American Dealers Association, but was pulled after a few hours. According to Motor Trend, there might be a "production Jeep pickup truck in the works".
2005 Jeep Gladiator
In late-2004 a new Jeep Gladiator concept was introduced. While not officially intended to be sold, it was used as a demonstration "that a Jeep pickup was in the dark recesses of DaimlerChrysler's brain trust.
The Gladiator concept features an open-air canvas roof, fold-down windshield, removable doors, and has an expandable truck bed. The Gladiator has a 2.8-liter, 4-cylinder common-rail turbo diesel engine that provides 165 hp (123 kW; 167 PS) and 295 lb·ft (400 N·m) of torque. The truck has a 6-speed manual transmission. Ground clearance is 13.7 in (348 mm), with a break-over angle of 23.2 degrees and an approach angle of 47.6 and departure angle of 38.0 degrees. Front and rear tires are 34 in (864 mm) and are mounted on 18x8-inch wheels. The Jeep Gladiator has a 1,500-pound (680 kg) payload.
2012 Jeep J12
In March, Jeep announced a revealing of a new concept at the Easter Jeep Safari in Moab, Utah.
- Elliot (22 April 2009). "Jeep Dually Tech & Specs". Jeep Dually Registry. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Over-the-counter pickups". Popular Mechanics 73 (6): 73. December 1976. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Chrysler to end production of Jeep Comanche". The New York Times. 6 June 1992. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep. MBI Publishing. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-7603-1979-6. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "The new Jeep J-10 Golden Eagle (image)". The Jeep Pickups Page. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Jeep Cherokee Chief (advertisement)". adclassix.com. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Jeep CJ Golden Eagle (picture)". phoenixgraphix.com. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Peterson, Andrew (21 June 2010). "Jeep’s Future: Does It Include a Small Pickup Truck?". Motor Trend. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- Morr, Tom; Brubaker, Ken (2007). The Joy of Jeep. MBI Publishing. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-7603-3061-6. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "Jeep Gladiator Concept". trucks about com. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "Jeep Mighty FC and J-12 Pickups Among Six Concepts Revealed for 2012 Moab Easter Safari". Car and Driver. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeep Gladiator.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeep Honcho.|
|Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1945–1970s — next »|
|Compact SUV||Jeepster (VJ)||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|SUV||Willys Jeep Wagon||Jeep Cherokee (SJ)|
|Compact pickup||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|Full-size pickup||Willys Jeep Truck|
|« previous — Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present|
|CJ-7||Wrangler (YJ)||Wrangler (TJ)||Wrangler (JK)|
|Wrangler Unlimited (LJ)||Wrangler Unlimited (JK)|
|Compact crossover||Compass (MK)|
|Mid-size crossover||Cherokee (KL)|
|Compact SUV||Cherokee/Wagoneer (XJ)||Liberty/Cherokee (KJ)||Liberty/Cherokee (KK)|
|Mid-size SUV||Grand Cherokee/Grand Wagoneer (ZJ)||Grand Cherokee (WJ)||Grand Cherokee (WK)||Grand Cherokee (WK2)|
|Full-size SUV||Cherokee (SJ)|
|Wagoneer/Grand Wagoneer (SJ)|
|Compact pickup||CJ-8 (Scrambler)||Comanche (MJ)|