Jeffrey Locke Elman (born January 22, 1948, in Los Angeles, California) is Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of California, San Diego. He is a well-known psycholinguist and pioneer in the field of neural networks.
In 1990, he introduced the Simple Recurrent neural network (aka 'Elman network'), which is a widely used recurrent neural network that is capable of processing sequentially ordered stimuli. Elman nets are used in a number of fields, including cognitive science, psychology, economics and physics, among many others.
In 1996, he co-authored (with Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Elizabeth Bates, Mark H. Johnson, Domenico Parisi, and Kim Plunkett), the book Rethinking Innateness, which argues against a strong nativist (innate) view on development.
Elman is an Inaugural Fellow of the Cognitive Science Society, and also was its President, from 1999-2000. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the New Bulgarian University, and is the 2007 recipient of the David E. Rumelhart Prize for Theoretical Contributions to Cognitive Science. He is founding Co-Director of the Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind at UC San Diego, Dean of Social Sciences, and holds the Chancellor's Associates Endowed Chair.
- TRACE model of speech perception
- Personal website
- UC San Diego Department of Cognitive Science
- Center for Research in Language, UCSD
- Kavli Institute for Brain & Mind, UCSD
- Cognitive Science Society