T. M. and Emma Witten Drug Store-House in Jefferson
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Ben Pickett|
|• Total||0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)|
|• Land||0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||240 ft (73.1 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,146|
|• Density||4,076.3/sq mi (1,573.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1163070|
Jefferson is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,098 at the 2010 census. It is home to the annual Mint Harvest Festival and is the self-proclaimed "Mint Capital of the World" as well as "Frog Jumping Capital of Oregon."
In 2012, the city began the process of building a city hall, as the city government needed to leave its leased space at the fire station.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,098 people, 1,057 households, and 820 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,076.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,573.9 /km2). There were 1,119 housing units at an average density of 1,472.4 per square mile (568.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.8% White, 0.2% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 9.6% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.2% of the population.
There were 1,057 households of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 22.4% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.27.
The median age in the city was 32 years. 30.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,487 people, 817 households, and 643 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,389.3 people per square mile (1,315.4/km²). There were 885 housing units at an average density of 1,206.1 per square mile (468.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.83% White, 0.36% African American, 1.89% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.66% from other races, and 3.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.67% of the population.
There were 817 households out of which 48.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,938, and the median income for a family was $42,647. Males had a median income of $31,196 versus $25,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,426. About 12.2% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jefferson has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Fehrenbacher, Lee (March 9, 2012). "City of Jefferson plans construction of new city hall". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
- Climate Summary for Jefferson, Oregon