Jefferson County, Oklahoma
|Jefferson County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
774 sq mi (2,004 km²)
759 sq mi (1,965 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 1.95%
8.2/sq mi (3.2/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
In the 1750s, the Taovaya Indians, a Wichita tribe, established twin villages along the Red River, in Jefferson County and across the river near present-day Spanish Fort, Texas. The village became “a lively emporium where Comanches brought Apache slaves, horses and mules to trade for French packs of powder, balls, knives, and textiles and for Taovaya-grown maize, melons, pumpkins, squash, and tobacco.”
In 1759, in response to the destruction of the San Saba Mission, the Spanish led an expedition against the Taovaya and their allies and attacked the twin villages. The Indians defeated the Spanish army. (See Battle of the Twin Villages) The Taovaya villages were abandoned before 1841 as the Taovaya had been decimated by smallpox and encroachment by other Indians and Anglo-Americans.
Web site for Jefferson County http://www.jeffcoinfo.org According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles (2,004.7 km2), of which 759 square miles (1,965.8 km2) is land and 15 square miles (38.8 km2) (1.95%) is water.
- Stephens County (north)
- Carter County (northeast)
- Love County (east)
- Montague County, Texas (south)
- Clay County, Texas (southwest)
- Cotton County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,818 people, 2,716 households, and 1,863 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,373 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.14% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 5.24% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.86% from other races, and 2.92% from two or more races. 7.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,716 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 20.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $23,674, and the median income for a family was $30,563. Males had a median income of $25,195 versus $16,589 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,899. About 16.30% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2008||67.24% 1,652||32.76% 805|
|2004||59.39% 1,546||40.61% 1,057|
|2000||50.91% 1,320||48.01% 1,245|
Cities and towns
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Elam, Earl Henry, “Anglo-American Relations with the Wichita Indians in Texas, 1822-1859.” Master’s Thesis, Texas Technological College, 1967, 11
- "Spanish Fort TX", Texas State Historical Association, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hns64, accessed 10 Jan 2013
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Jefferson County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory