Jefferson County, Tennessee

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Jefferson County, Tennessee
Jefferson-county-courthouse-tn1.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse in Dandridge
Map of Tennessee highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded June 11, 1792
Named for Thomas Jefferson[1]
Seat Dandridge
Largest city Jefferson City
Area
 • Total 314 sq mi (814 km2)
 • Land 274 sq mi (709 km2)
 • Water 41 sq mi (105 km2), 12.89%
Population
 • (2010) 51,722
 • Density 189/sq mi (62/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website jeffersoncountytn.gov

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,407.[2] Its county seat is Dandridge.[3]

Jefferson County is part of the Morristown, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area.[4]

History[edit]

Jefferson County was established on June 11, 1792, by William Blount, Governor of the Southwest Territory.[5] It had been a part of Caswell County during the State of Franklin period (1784–1789). Its county seat, Dandridge, was settled in 1783.[5]

On the eve of the Civil War, Jefferson County, like most other counties in East Tennessee, was opposed to secession. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Jefferson Countians voted against secession by a margin of 1,987 to 603.[6] A railroad bridge at Strawberry Plains was among those targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 314 square miles (810 km2), of which 274 square miles (710 km2) is land and 40 square miles (100 km2) (12.8%) is water.[8] The county is affected by two artificial lakes: Douglas Lake, created by the damming of the French Broad River in the south, and Cherokee Lake, created by the damming of the Holston River in the north.

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Henderson Island Refuge

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,309
1820 8,953 22.5%
1830 11,801 31.8%
1840 12,076 2.3%
1850 13,204 9.3%
1860 16,043 21.5%
1870 19,476 21.4%
1880 15,846 −18.6%
1890 16,478 4.0%
1900 18,590 12.8%
1910 17,755 −4.5%
1920 17,677 −0.4%
1930 17,914 1.3%
1940 18,621 3.9%
1950 19,667 5.6%
1960 21,493 9.3%
1970 24,940 16.0%
1980 31,284 25.4%
1990 33,016 5.5%
2000 44,294 34.2%
2010 51,407 16.1%
Est. 2012 52,191 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Jefferson County[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 44,294 people, 17,155 households, and 12,608 families residing in the county. The population density was 162 people per square mile (62/km²). There were 19,319 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (27/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.66% White, 2.32% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,155 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males. However, the last statistic is somewhat misleading because of female longevity, and if adults 18-65 were considered, the numbers would be very close to equal.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,824, and the median income for a family was $38,537. Males had a median income of $29,123 versus $20,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,841. About 9.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Jefferson County's current mayor is Alan Palmieri. The county has 21 commissioners, two from each of the ten districts, with White Pine electing three.

Education[edit]

K-12 public education in the county is conducted by Jefferson County Public Schools.

Communities[edit]

Cities and Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 508-513
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Estle Muncy, "Jefferson County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 18 October 2013.
  6. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  7. ^ Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War, pp. 370-406.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°03′N 83°27′W / 36.05°N 83.45°W / 36.05; -83.45