Jefferson County Courthouse (West Virginia)

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Jefferson County Courthouse
Jefferson County Courthouse, Charles Town.jpg
Front of the courthouse
Jefferson County Courthouse (West Virginia) is located in West Virginia
Jefferson County Courthouse (West Virginia)
Location Charles Town, West Virginia
Coordinates 39°17′20.78″N 77°51′35.32″W / 39.2891056°N 77.8598111°W / 39.2891056; -77.8598111Coordinates: 39°17′20.78″N 77°51′35.32″W / 39.2891056°N 77.8598111°W / 39.2891056; -77.8598111
Built ca. 1836
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 73001910
Added to NRHP July 10, 1973[1]

The first Jefferson County Courthouse was built in Charles Town, West Virginia, USA, in 1808, on a lot donated by Charles Washington. It was replaced by a larger building in about 1836, which comprises the core of the present courthouse. The building is historically notable as the site of two trials for treason: that of John Brown in 1859, and those of unionizing coal miners from Mingo County, West Virginia, a consequence of the Battle of Blair Mountain, whose trials were moved from the southern part of the state in 1922 as a result of a change of venue.

The courthouse is a red brick building in the Georgian style. It has an unusual clock tower with a square dome that resembles Second Empire structures.[2]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ Ted McGee (March 7, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Nomination: Jefferson County Courthouse" (PDF). National Park Service. 

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