Jefferson Hunt

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Jefferson Hunt
JeffersonHunt.jpg
California State Assembly
Utah Territorial Legislature
Personal details
Born (1803-01-20)January 20, 1803
Bracken County, Kentucky
Died May 11, 1879(1879-05-11) (aged 76)
Oxford, Idaho
Political party Whig, Democratic
Spouse(s) Celia Mounts
Matilda Nease
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)

Jefferson Hunt (January 20, 1803 – May 11, 1879) was a U.S. western pioneer, soldier, and politician. He was a captain in the Mormon Battalion, brigadier general in the California State Militia, a California State Assemblyman, and a representative to the Utah Territorial Legislature.

Early years[edit]

Hunt was born to John Hunt and Martha Jenkins on January 20, 1803, in Bracken County, Kentucky.[1] Some sources[who?] site his full name as Charles Jefferson Hunt, while others[who?] site it as Jefferson David Hunt.

He married Celia Mounts in December 1823. In 1834 they both converted to Mormonism and were baptized on March 7, 1835.[2]

Mormon migration[edit]

The family, which then included six children, started their migration with the Mormons to Far West, Missouri, in 1837.[3] It took the Hunts four weeks to make this journey. Jefferson Hunt was later called as an Assistant Marshall along with George M. Hinkle.[4]

He served as a Major in the Volunteers (which later became the Nauvoo Legion), and participated in the Battle of Crooked River.

The family moved again with the Mormons to Illinois where they settled twenty miles outside of Nauvoo, Illinois. Soon after he was ordained to the office of High Priest and later became an early participant in plural marriage when he married Matilda Nease.[5]

Mormon Battalion[edit]

In 1846, while encamped at Council Bluffs, Iowa, he joined the Mormon Battalion, which was formed at the request of the U.S. government for participation in the Mexican-American War.

He was commissioned as a Captain, and was placed in command of Company A. Two of his sons also enlisted, and served under his command.

He temporarily commanded the entire battalion when its commander died, until a replacement arrived.

During the Mormon Battalion's journey Hunt's company made the first known gesture of peace between Mexico and the United States in what was called "The Exchange at the Presidio". The exchange took place very close to what is today Tucson, Arizona. This event is commemorated with a statue in downtown Tucson. The statue was dedicated in 1996 by Gordon B. Hinckley, then President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

His entire family journeyed with the battalion as they completed what is to this day the longest march in U.S. military history, ending in San Diego, California.

California expeditions[edit]

After being discharged from the Mormon Battalion, Hunt and his family settled in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1847.

Soon thereafter, Hunt proposed traveling back to California to bring food and supplies for other recent Utah arrivals. Mormon authorities approved this proposal, and Hunt undertook this journey with Porter Rockwell, several former Mormon Battalion members, and two of his own sons.

Later he guided several parties of gold prospectors from Utah to California. One of the groups he led to California became impatient at his slow progress, and many of the party members elected to abandon Hunt's group, and follow their own route to California. They became the infamous Death Valley '49ers. Those staying with Hunt made the journey without serious incident.

He briefly represented Iron County in the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1851. He was not a resident of Iron County, but he happened to pass through the county as elections were held, and he was chosen by the locals.

California years[edit]

In 1851 he was called by his church to help create a Mormon colony in San Bernardino, California. This colony was the first American settlement in California after Statehood.

In that settlement he organized the building of a log fort which is the largest log fort ever built in California history.

From 1853-1857 he served as a member of the California State Assembly. Elected to represent Los Angeles County, he introduced legislation in his first year in office to create San Bernardino County, which passed. Upon the creation of San Bernardino County he became the county's first Assemblyman. He is honored as the "Father of San Bernardino County", which is the largest county in the contiguous United States.

In 1856 he was appointed as a Brigadier General in the California State Militia.

Later years[edit]

In 1860 he founded the town of Huntsville, Utah.

He served as a representative to the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1863, representing Weber County.

He died in 1879 in Oxford, Idaho.

Legacy[edit]

Hunt has a number of noteworthy descendants:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smith, Pauline Udall (1958), Captain Jefferson Hunt of the Mormon battalion, Nicholas G. Morgan Sr. Foundation 

External links/sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ignacio Del Valle, Andrés Pico
California State Assemblyman, 2nd District
1853-1854
(with J. P. McFarland)
Succeeded by
Pedro C. Carillo,
Preceded by
T. W. Tilgham
California State Assemblyman, 1st District
(San Bernardino County seat)

1854-1858
Succeeded by
Isaac W. Smith