Warm Springs Bathhouses
Gentlemen's Pool House
The spa waters flow through the center of the building
|Location||NE of Warm Springs off Rt. 220, Warm Springs, Virginia|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||October 08, 1969|
|Designated VLR||November 5, 1968|
The Jefferson Pools, also called Warm Springs Bathhouses and Warm Springs Pools, are two spa structures near Warm Springs, Virginia. The name was changed in the 20th century from "Warm Spring Pools" to "Jefferson Pools". The spa is part of The Homestead, a resort hotel.
The Gentlemen's Pool House is the oldest spa structure in the United States. The octagonal wood building was built in 1761. The spas are naturally fed by a 98 °F (37 °C) mineral spring. The men's spa holds 40,000 US gallons (150,000 L) of constantly flowing water.
The Ladies's Pool House was built in 1836. The buildings have changed little over the years, being made of wood with a central pool and a roof that is open to the elements. There are small alcoves around the pool for clothes, and it is usual to bathe naked. Famous bathers include Thomas Jefferson, who spent three weeks in 1819 bathing three times day and described the waters in a letter to his daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, as being of "first merit".
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 05-12-2013.
- The Washington Post: C 9. March 24, 1999.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- Jefferson Pools Hot Springs Spa - Homestead Resort
- "Taking the Waters: 19th Century Mineral Springs: Warm Springs." Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia