Jeffrey Eugenides at the
Miami Book Fair International 2011
March 8, 1960 |
Detroit, Michigan, United States
|Alma mater||Stanford University|
Jeffrey Kent Eugenides (born March 8, 1960) is an American novelist and short story writer. He has written numerous short stories and essays, as well as three novels: The Virgin Suicides (1993), Middlesex (2002), and The Marriage Plot (2011). The Virgin Suicides has been filmed, while Middlesex received the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in addition to being a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, the International Dublin Literary Award, and France's Prix Médicis.
Eugenides was born in Detroit, Michigan, to a father of Greek descent and a mother of English and Irish ancestry. He attended Grosse Pointe's private University Liggett School and took his undergraduate degree at Brown University (where he became friends with contemporary Rick Moody), graduating in 1983 after taking a year off to travel across Europe and to volunteer with Mother Teresa in Calcutta, India. Of his decision to study at Brown, Eugenides later remarked "I chose Brown largely in order to study with John Hawkes, whose work I admired. I entered the honors program in English, which forced me to study the entire English tradition, beginning with Beowulf. I felt that since I was going to try to add to the tradition, I had better know something about it." He later earned an M.A. in Creative Writing from Stanford University.
Eugenides knew he wanted to be a writer from a relatively early age, stating "I decided very early; during my junior year of high school. We read A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man that year, and it had a big effect on me, for reasons that seem quite amusing to me now. I'm half Irish and half Greek—my mother's family were Kentuckians, Southern hillbillies, and my paternal grandparents immigrants from Asia Minor—and, for that reason, I identified with Stephen Dedalus. Like me, he was bookish, good at academics, and possessed an “absurd name, an ancient Greek.” [...] I do remember thinking [...] that to be a writer was the best thing a person could be. It seemed to promise maximum alertness to life. It seemed holy to me, and almost religious." Of his earliest literary influences, Eugenides has cited "[...] the great modernists. Joyce, Proust, Faulkner. From these I went on to discover Musil, Woolf, and others, and soon my friends and I were reading Pynchon and John Barth. My generation grew up backward. We were weaned on experimental writing before ever reading much of the nineteenth-century literature the modernists and postmodernists were reacting against."
Eugenides was raised in Detroit, Michigan and cites the influence of the city and his high-school experiences on his writings. He has said that he has "a perverse love" of his birthplace. "I think most of the major elements of American history are exemplified in Detroit, from the triumph of the automobile and the assembly line to the blight of racism, not to mention the music, Motown, the MC5, house, techno." He also says he has been haunted by the decline of Detroit.
In 1986, he received the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Nicholl Fellowship for his story "Here Comes Winston, Full of the Holy Spirit." After living a few years in San Francisco, he moved to Brooklyn, New York and worked as secretary for the Academy of American Poets. While in New York he made friends with numerous similarly struggling writers, including Jonathan Franzen.
From 1999 to 2004, Eugenides lived in Berlin, Germany, where he moved after being awarded a grant from the German Academic Exchange Service to write in Berlin for a year. Eugenides has lived in Princeton, New Jersey, since the fall of 2007, when Eugenides joined the faculty of Princeton University's Program in Creative Writing.
Eugenides is now based, with his wife and child, in Princeton, New Jersey, where he is Professor of Creative Writing in the Peter B. Lewis Center for the Arts. Of teaching creative writing, Eugenides remarked in an interview in The Paris Review, "I tell my students that when you write, you should pretend you're writing the best letter you ever wrote to the smartest friend you have. That way, you'll never dumb things down. You won't have to explain things that don't need explaining. You'll assume an intimacy and a natural shorthand, which is good because readers are smart and don't wish to be condescended to. I think about the reader. I care about the reader. Not “audience.” Not “readership.” Just the reader."
The Virgin Suicides
Eugenides' 1993 novel, The Virgin Suicides, has been translated into 34 languages. In 1999, the novel was adapted into a critically acclaimed film directed by Sofia Coppola. Set in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, the novel follows the lives and deaths by suicide of five sisters over the course of an increasingly isolated year, as told from the point of view of the neighborhood boys who obsessively watch them.
Eugenides also published short stories in the near decade between The Virgin Suicides and Middlesex, primarily in The New Yorker. His 1996 story "Baster" became the basis for the 2010 romantic comedy The Switch, temporarily putting Middlesex aside in the late 90s to begin work on a novel that would eventually serve as the basis for his third. Two excerpts of what became Eugenides's work-in-progress third novel after Middlesex also appeared in The New Yorker in 2011, "Asleep in the Lord" and "Extreme Solitude". Eugenides also served as the editor of the collection of short stories titled My Mistress's Sparrow is Dead. The proceeds of the collection go to the writing center 826 Chicago, established to encourage young people's writing.
His 2002 novel, Middlesex, won the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in addition to being a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, the International Dublin Literary Award, and France's Prix Médicis. Following the life and self-discovery of Calliope Stephanides, or later, Cal, an intersex person raised a girl, but hormonally a boy, Middlesex also broadly deals with the Greek-American immigrant experience in the United States, the rise and fall of Detroit, and explores the experience of an intersex person in the USA.
The Marriage Plot
After a nine-year gap, Eugenides published his third novel, The Marriage Plot, in October 2011. The novel follows three young adults enmeshed in a love triangle, as they graduate from Brown University and establish themselves in the world. Eugenides is currently at work developing a television screenplay of the novel, which was a finalist of the National Book Critics Circle Award for fiction in 2011; a New York Times notable book for 2011; and one of the top books of the year according to lists made by Publisher's Weekly, Kirkus Reviews, and The Telegraph.
Eugenides has revealed that his next literary project will be a book of short stories "[...] which will be a very mixed bag of stories, quite different, not all arranged around a certain theme", and that he has an idea for a fourth novel: "I have an idea; I don't know if it's going to work. But it's going to be a larger canvas, many more characters than in [The Marriage Plot]. Again, I'm going to respond to a very small directive. It's going to be written, well, I'm not going to say — but I know how it's going to be written and what the structure's going to be, and it's going to be quite different than The Marriage Plot."
Awards and honors
- 1986 Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- 1991 Aga Khan Prize for Fiction for "The Virgin Suicides" [short story] (The Paris Review)
- 1993 Whiting Writers Award
- 1994 Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1995 Harold D. Vursell Memorial Award (American Academy of Arts and Letters)
- 2000–2001 Berlin Prize Fellow (American Academy in Berlin)
- 2002 National Book Critics Circle Award finalist (for Middlesex)
- 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (for Middlesex)
- 2003 Welt-Literaturpreis
- 2004 International Dublin Literary Award shortlist (for Middlesex)
- 2011 Salon Book Award (for The Marriage Plot)
- 2011 New York Times 100 Notable Books of 2011 list (for The Marriage Plot)
- 2012 National Book Critics Circle Award finalist (for The Marriage Plot)
- 2013 International Dublin Literary Award longlist (for The Marriage Plot)
- 2013 Named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2014 Awarded honorary Doctorate of Letters from Brown University
List of works
- The Virgin Suicides (1993) (ISBN 0-446-67025-1)
- Middlesex (2002) (ISBN 0-374-19969-8) – Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
- The Marriage Plot (2011)
- Short story collections
- Untitled short story collection (forthcoming)
- "Jeffrey Eugenides – Harper Collins Author Profile". HarperCollins UK. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- James Gibbons (Winter 2011). "Jeffrey Eugenides, The Art of Fiction No. 215". The Paris Review.
- "The Daily Beast – Eugenides Returns!". Thedailybeast.com. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Eugenides, Jeffrey (2002). Jeffrey Eugenides. Interview with Foer, Jonathan Safran. BOMB. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
- ""A Conversation with Jeffrey Eugenides" – Interview". The New York Times. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- Hughes, Evan (2011-10-09). "Is ‘The Marriage Plot’ by Jeffrey Eugenides Based in Reality? - New York Magazine". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- [dead link]
- Brown, Mick (2008-01-05). "Jeffrey Eugenides: Enduring love". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 2010-04-02. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- [dead link]
- Jeffrey Eugenides (1960-01-08). "Middlesex | Jeffrey Eugenides | Macmillan". Us.macmillan.com. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- "National Book Critics Circle: National Book Critics Circle Announces Finalists for Publishing Year 2011 - Critical Mass Blog". Bookcritics.org. 2012-01-21. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- "Jeffrey Eugenides: I don't Know Why Jodi Picoult Is Belly-Aching". salon.com. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- "Jeffrey Eugenides erhält WELT-Literaturpreis". Buch Markt (in German). October 14, 2003. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- "Princeton University – FACULTY AWARD: Eight named to American Academy of Arts and Sciences". princeton.edu. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- "American Academy of Arts and Sciences : 2013 Fellows" (PDF). Amacad.org. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
- "Brown confers nine honorary degrees". Brown University. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeffrey Eugenides.|
- Jeffrey Eugenides, Princeton University Creative Writing Program
- Articles by Jeffrey Eugenides on the 5th Estate blog
- "Great Experiment", The New Yorker, 31 March 2008
- Read "Extreme Solitude" story in New Yorker
- Jeffrey Eugenides at the Internet Movie Database
- Video of Eugenides with Salman Rushdie, "LIVE", New York Public Library,[dead link] June 27, 2008
- Video of Eugenides with Daniel Kehlmann,[dead link] PEN World Voices, May 4, 2008
- Fresh Air, "Interview with Terry Gross", WHYY, aired on 2002-09-24
- James Gibbons (Winter 2011). "Jeffrey Eugenides, The Art of Fiction No. 215". Paris Review.
- "Interview", 3am Magazine, 2003
- Salon.com interview
- "Interview", Guardian Unlimited Books
- Editor & Author, Jonathan Galassi and Jeffrey Eugenides "Works in Progress", 21 July 2010
- A Conversation with Jeffrey Eugenides "Oprah", 5 June 2007
- Nine Years After Middlesex "Wall Street Journal", 30 September 2011
- Interview: Jeffrey Eugenides on writing in C major "LA Times", 29 October 2011
- Marriage, plot and Jeffrey Eugenides – 2012 Brisbane Writers Festival – (Interview and Q&A) – Australian Broadcasting Corporation
- Jeffrey Eugenides: The Excitement of Writing – 2012 Louisiana Literature festival – Video by Louisiana Channel.