Jeffreys Bay

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Jeffreys Bay
Jeffreysbaai
Jeffreys Bay Beach
Jeffreys Bay Beach
Jeffreys Bay is located in South Africa
Jeffreys Bay
Jeffreys Bay
 Jeffreys Bay shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 34°2′S 24°55′E / 34.033°S 24.917°E / -34.033; 24.917Coordinates: 34°2′S 24°55′E / 34.033°S 24.917°E / -34.033; 24.917
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Cacadu
Municipality Kouga
Established 1849
Area[1]
 • Total 20.79 km2 (8.03 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 27,107
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 37.5%
 • Coloured 22.7%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 38.9%
 • Other 0.7%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 54.4%
 • Xhosa 28.8%
 • English 11.8%
 • Other 5.0%
Postal code (street) 6330
PO box 6330
Area code +27 (0)42

Jeffreys Bay (Afrikaans: Jeffreysbaai, also known as J-bay) is a town located in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The town is situated just off the N2 Highway, about an hour's drive southwest of Port Elizabeth.

History[edit]

Jeffreys Bay is named after the senior partner of the firm Jeffrey & Glendinnings that opened a store in 1849 on the location where the town is today.[2] Jeffrey is believed to be the first person to have settled there.[3]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Jeffreys Bay was known as a hippie hangout, where the now-burgeoning surf community originated.[4] Jeffreys Bay has grown from a sleepy little fishing town over the past few years and is one of the fastest expanding urban areas in the country.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Xhosa, Afrikaans and English are the three most spoken languages.

Jeffreys Bay is a constituent part of the Kouga Local Municipality of the Cacadu District in the Eastern Cape Province.

Sport[edit]

Surfing[edit]

Jeffreys Bay is one of the five most famous surfing destinations (No.2 on the "Best in the world" surfing list) in the world and hosts the annual Billabong Pro ASP World Tour surfing event at Super Tubes during July. Spectators and professional surfers from all over the world flock to this event.

The Jeffreys Bay Surf Break

A very long, fast, tubing right hand point break breaks along the west side of the bay. The break is regarded as one of the best right hand point breaks in the entire world, in both consistency and quality, in season.[4][6][7] It has been divided up into several sections, including, from the top of the point, Kitchen Windows, Magna tubes, Boneyards, Supertubes, Impossibles, Tubes, the Point, and Albatross.[8] "Supertubes", which itself breaks for about 300m or more, is regarded as the best part of the wave. On rare occasions (large wave sizes, wide-breaking waves, and even swells), Boneyards can link up all the way to the Point for a ride over one kilometre long. Optimal size is considered to be from about 4 to 10 feet (Hawaiian scale), or about 8 to 20 feet wave faces. The most consistent waves occur between about May to mid September, also often coinciding with offshore winds, although good waves can occasionally occur at other times of the year.[citation needed]

The initial discovery and promotion of the wave is curious. Another nearby right hand point wave at St. Francis Bay was first idolised and promoted in the cult classic surf movie The Endless Summer in the 1960s (although both Jeffreys Bay and St. Francis Bay were probably surfed much earlier). Surfers who travelled to the area soon stumbled upon the nearby Jeffreys Bay surf break, which was found to be not only a faster, more powerful, and hollower wave, but also much more consistent.[9]

Tourism[edit]

Jeffreys Bay is a popular tourist destination because of its surfing opportunities and the Blue Flag beach.[10]

Jeffreys Bay is famous for abundant seashells, great seafood and calamari. The nearby Kabeljous, Seekoei and Krom River lagoons host numerous water birds, and are also ideal for watersports like canoeing, boardsailing, and fishing. Every year, migrating whales make their way to Hermanus and Witsand to give birth, and whales can be seen breaching almost every day during the season.

Just northeast of the town, on the Kabeljous River, lies the Kabeljous Nature Reserve. It is a walk-about reserve, well known to anglers for a diverse number of fish. The Kabeljous estuary is one of the best preserved estuaries in the Eastern Cape. The lagoon is home to waterfowl, herons, and a variety of waders. Nearby, the Seekoei River Nature Reserve lies between Aston Bay and Paradise Beach. The reserve lies on the estuary formed by the Seekoei and Swart rivers. The reserve is rich in birdlife with over 120 species of birds. The lagoon is also home to numerous red-knobbed coots and small antelope. Fishing from boats is prohibited here.[citation needed] There is also a circular hiking trail that takes about three hours to complete. The trail starts with a trip on a raft across the lagoon and runs through fynbos and subtropical vegetation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Jeffreys Bay". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804–1904. pp. 122, 127. 
  3. ^ The Africa Pilot (1889). United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. 1889. 
  4. ^ a b Marcus Sanders. "Down the line at the world's best pointbreak". Surfline. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Integrated Development Plan (2007–2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 22. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  6. ^ Ben Marcus (SurferMag.com Correspondent) (30 June 2008). "A Revisionist Glance at Historic Surfing Locales: J Bay". Surfer Magazine. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  7. ^ "Surfing's Meccas". Transworld Surf. 14 October 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  8. ^ "The Wave". Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  9. ^ Laurence Platt (2 May 2008). "The Early Surfing Years at J-Bay, South Africa". Legendary Surfers. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  10. ^ "Blue flag beaches – Dolphin Beach, Jeffreys Bay". Blueflag.org. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 

External links[edit]