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Jehoiada (Hebrew Yehoyada Hebrew: יהוידע) in the Hebrew Bible, was a prominent priest during the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash. By his arranged (by King Ahaziah) marriage with the princess Jehosheba (alternately Jehoshabeath), he became the brother-in-law of King Ahaziah (2 Chron 22:11). King Ahaziah died shortly thereafter in battle at Megiddo and the throne was usurped by Queen Athaliah.
About ninety years old at the time of this marriage to the young princess, he was instrumental in the staging of the coup that dethroned and killed the ultra wicked Queen Athaliah. Jehosheba and Jehoiada had rescued the infant King Joash from Athaliah's slaughter of the royal children. For six years, they hid the sole surviving heir to the throne within the temple. Jehoiada guided much younger King Joash in a righteous rule for about 35 years which included restoration of the temple (2 Kings 12:4-15). Jehoiada is also noteworthy for the national covenant that he made "between him, and between all the people, and between the king, that they should be the LORD's people" (2 Chronicles 23:16).
Jehoiada lived 130 years and was buried very honorably among the kings in the city of David (2 Chronicles 24:16). Jehoiada's son, Zechariah, was later martyred by king Joash. Jehoiada's name doesn't appear in the list of the Zadokite dynasty in I Chr. 5:30-40 (6:4-15 in other translations).
Josephus mentions Jehoiada in his Jewish Antiquites Book 9, Chapter 7 as "high priest,""How Athaliah reigned over Jerusalem for five [six] years, when Jehoiada the high priest slew her," although Josephus does not mention a Jehoiada in his High Priest list (Antiquities of the Jews 10:151-153).
|High Priest of Israel||Succeeded by
- The Complete Works of Flavius Josephus - Page 237 William Whiston
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