Jehoiada

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Not to be confused with Jehoiada, father of Benaiah.

Jehoiada (Hebrew Yehoyada Hebrew: יהוידע‎) in the Hebrew Bible, was a prominent priest during the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash. By his arranged marriage with the princess Jehosheba (alternately Jehoshabeath), he became the brother-in-law of King Ahaziah.[1] King Ahaziah died shortly thereafter and the throne was usurped by Queen Athaliah, who slew the members of the royal family.

Jehosheba and Jehoiada rescued the infant Joash from Athaliah's slaughter of the royal children. For six years, they hid the sole surviving heir to the throne within the temple. Jehoiada was instrumental in the staging of the coup that dethroned and killed Queen Athaliah. Under the guidance of Jehoiada, Baal-worship was renounced, and the altar and temple of Baal were destroyed.[1]

Jehoiada is also noteworthy for the national covenant that he made "between him, and between all the people, and between the king, that they should be the LORD's people" (2 Chronicles 23:16). Jehoiada lived 130 years and was buried very honorably among the kings in the city of David.[1] Jehoiada's son, Zechariah, was later martyred by king Joash. Jehoiada's name doesn't appear in the list of the Zadokite dynasty in I Chr. 5:30-40 (6:4-15 in other translations).

Josephus mentions Jehoiada in his Jewish Antiquites Book 9, Chapter 7 as "high priest,"[2]"How Athaliah reigned over Jerusalem for five [six] years, when Jehoiada the high priest slew her," although Josephus does not mention a Jehoiada in his High Priest list (Antiquities of the Jews 10:151-153).

According to the medieval chronicle Seder Olam Zutta (804 CE), Jehoiada was the High priest.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Jehoiada", Jewish Encyclopedia
  2. ^ The Complete Works of Flavius Josephus - Page 237 William Whiston
Preceded by
Jehoshaphat
High Priest of Israel Succeeded by
Pediah

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Jehoiada". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.