Jehoram of Israel
|Kings of Ancient Israel|
|United Monarchy of Israel|
|Northern Kingdom of Israel|
Jehoram (or Joram) was a king of the northern Kingdom of Israel. (2 Kings 8:16, 8:25-28) He was the son of Ahab and Jezebel. According to 2 Kings 8:16, in the fifth year of Joram of Israel, (another) Jehoram became king of Judah, when his father Jehoshaphat was (still) king of Judah, indicating a co-regency. The author of Kings also speaks of both Jehoram of Israel and Jehoram of Judah in the same passage, which can be confusing.
Jehoram began to reign in Israel in the 18th year of Jehoshaphat of Judah, and ruled 12 years. (2 Kings 3:1) William F. Albright has dated his reign to 849 BC–842 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 852 BC–841 BC.
His last act was when, aided by his nephew Ahaziah, king of Judah, he fought unsuccessfully against the army of Hazael, king of the Arameans at Ramoth-Gilead. Jehoram himself was wounded in the fighting. It is likely that his defeat at Ramoth-Gilead was a disaster. As a result, while Jehoram was recuperating at Jezreel, his general Jehu incited a revolt. Jehu murdered Jehoram and had his body thrown into the field of Naboth the Jezreelite, as punishment for his parent's sin in stealing the former's land. After the death of Jehoram, Jehu claimed the throne of Israel as his own.
The author of the Tel Dan Stele (found in 1993-94 during archaeological excavations of the site of Laish) claimed to have slain both Ahaziah and Jehoram. Hazael is the most likely to have written it.
- Edwin Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1st ed.; New York: Macmillan, 1951; 2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965; 3rd ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, 1983). ISBN 0-8254-3825-X, 9780825438257
Jehoram of Israel
|King of Israel
852 BC – 841 BC
|This article related to the Hebrew Bible is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|