|Jejomar Binay in 2009|
|15th Vice President of the Philippines|
June 30, 2010
|President||Benigno Aquino III|
|Preceded by||Noli de Castro|
|Mayor of Makati City|
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
|Preceded by||Elenita Binay|
|Succeeded by||Jejomar Binay, Jr.|
February 2, 1988 – June 30, 1998
|Preceded by||Sergio S. Santos|
|Succeeded by||Elenita Binay|
February 27, 1986 – December 1987
|Preceded by||Nemesio I. Yabut|
|Succeeded by||Sergio S. Santos|
|Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority|
|Preceded by||Position established; Succeeded position of Governor of Manila, held by Imelda Marcos|
|Succeeded by||Ignacio Bunye|
|Preceded by||Prospero Oreta|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Abalos|
|Born||Jesus Jose Cabauatan Binay[Note 1]
November 11, 1942 [Note 2]
Paco, Manila, Philippines
|Political party||UNA (2012-present)
Mar-Len Abigail Binay-Campos
Jejomar Binay, Jr.
Marita Angeline Binay-Alcantara
Joanna Marie Blanca Binay
|Residence||Brgy. San Antonio, Makati City|
|Alma mater||University of the Philippines|
|Website||Office of the Vice President|
Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay, Sr. (born Jesús José Cabauatan Binay[Note 1] on November 11, 1942[Note 2]) is the 15th and current Vice President of the Philippines, under President Benigno Aquino III. He was the longest-serving Mayor of Makati, having been in office from 1986 to 1987, 1988 to 1998 and again from 2001 to 2010.
He is concurrently serving as the Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council and the President of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
- 1 Name
- 2 Early life and education
- 3 Legal career
- 4 Political career
- 5 Vice Presidency
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Civic work
- 8 Higher studies
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Binay's given name, Jejomar, is a contraction of "Jesús José María". When his mother gave birth to him, she allegedly exclaimed "Susmaryosep!"–the Filipino version of the Roman Catholic ejaculation, "Jesus, Mary, Joseph!"– upon seeing his very small size. He was subsequently christened "Jesús José María", the third name not being his birth certificate. Later in his life, Binay changed his given name to Natasha.[Note 1]
Early life and education
Binay was born at 5:00 PM on November 11, 1942[Note 2] at Sacred Heart Hospital at 374 Looban St., Paco, Manila. He is the younger of two children of Diego "Jego" Medrano Binay, a librarian from Bauan, Batangas, and Lourdes Gatan Cabauatan (died January 2, 1951 in Pasay City), a school teacher from Cabagan, Isabela. He had an older sibling who died before he was born making him the only child who survived childhood. After being orphaned at the age of nine, he was adopted by his uncle, Ponciano Binay.
Binay went to the Philippine Normal College Training Department for his elementary education. He later went to the University of the Philippines Preparatory School for his high school education. For college he attended the University of the Philippines, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in Political Science, and later a a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of the Philippines College of Law. He passed the Philippine Bar Examination in 1968. Additionally, he took up master's degree in Public Administration at the University of the Philippines, and master's degree in Law at the University of Santo Tomas.
He started his law practice as a legal counsel of Manila Councilor Carlos Loyzaga. He became an assistant attorney in the Deogracias T. Reyes Law Office, and later on, a senior partner in the Binay, Cuevas, Flores and Associates Law Office.
Binay also taught taxation and land reform at St. Catherine's School of Nursing and Midwifery and management, political science and law at the Philippine College of Commerce (now, Polytechnic University of the Philippines) in 1970-1972. He also taught at the Philippine Women's University and St. Scholastica's College.
He provided free legal assistance to abused the human rights during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos. While teaching at the Philippine College of Commerce, he co-founded the Lupon ng mga Manananggol ng Bayan (LUMABAN). In addition, he joined the Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG) and the August Twenty-One Movement (ATOM), formed shortly after the assassination of Senator Ninoy Aquino in August 1983. He also helped found the Movement of Attorneys for Brotherhood, Integrity and Nationalism, Inc. (MABINI), a group of progressive lawyers that included Senators Lorenzo Tañada, Wigberto Tañada, Rene Saguisag and Joker Arroyo.
For helping political prisoners, many MABINI lawyers, including Binay, were imprisoned.
Mayor of Makati City (1986–1998)
In February 1986, Binay became one of President Corazon Aquino’s first appointed local officials after Mayor Nemesio I. Yabut died while in office during the EDSA Revolution. He was elected in his own right in 1988 and was reelected in 1992 and 1995.
He joined pro-democracy forces in preventing the mutinies against the Aquino administration from being successful. His active role in the defense of the Constitution earned him the nickname “Rambotito” (or little Rambo, after the screen hero), the Outstanding Achievement Medal and a special commendation from Aquino.
He pushed for a plan to convert Makati into a city, citing its numerous business establishments and high income and, on January 2, 1995, Makati finally became a city following a plebiscite.
During his first term as mayor, Binay was also elected by the mayors in Metro Manila as chairman of the Metro Manila Authority, which was a precursor to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA). He served from 1990 to 1991.
In 1998, he was appointed chairman of the MMDA with cabinet rank under the administration of President Joseph Estrada. He was also appointed as vice-chairman of the Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission.
Mayor of Makati City (2001–2010)
In 2001, Binay reclaimed his post as mayor of Makati, winning over actor, TV host, and then-vice mayor Edu Manzano via landslide and became a critic of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He won his second term in 2004 by a landslide against 1st district Councilor Oscar Ibay. He ran for his third and last term as mayor in 2007 and won again by a landslide, beating incumbent Senator and actor Lito Lapid. His margin over Lapid has been considered as the largest margin in a local election in Makati City.
In October 2006, the Department of the Interior and Local Government issued a suspension order against Binay, Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado, and all members of the City Council following an accusation of 'ghost employees' on the city payroll by former Vice Mayor Roberto Brillante, a political rival. Refusing to cooperate with the suspension order, he barricaded himself inside the Makati City Hall. Among those who expressed support were former President Corazon Aquino, actress Susan Roces - the widow of the late movie star and 2004 opposition presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr. - and several Catholic bishops. After a three-day stand-off, the Court of Appeals issued a temporary restraining order. Before it lapsed, the court issued an injunction order, thereby preventing the Office of the President from enforcing its suspension order until the case was resolved.
Binay was upheld by the courts in a graft case filed by the Ombudsman over allegations of overpricing in the purchase of office furniture. The case was also filed by Brillante, who at that time was leading in Makati a Palace-supported signature campaign to amend the Constitution. The Sandiganbayan Third Division dismissed the graft case filed against him and his six co-accused for lack of factual basis. Critics claim the suspension order was intended to distract attention from the government's own scandals.
On May 2, 2007 the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) froze all the bank accounts of the city government of Makati and the personal accounts of Binay and Mercado.
The BIR issued the order after it said the city still owed the BIR P1.1 billion in withholding taxes of city employees from 1999 to 2002. BIR revenue officer Roberto Baquiran signed and issued the warrant of garnishment against the bank accounts that belonged to Binay, Mercado, the city government and the city’s treasurer and accountant.
The city government protested the garnishment order, saying the city had already paid P200 million to the BIR as part of a settlement agreement agreed to by Finance Secretary Margarito Teves and former BIR chief Jose Bunag. The city also said the order was flawed, since Baquiran had no authority to issue writs of garnishment and freezing the personal accounts of Binay and Mercado were also unlawful.
And again, barely a week before the local elections, the Ombudsman suspended him based on allegations made by a local candidate allied with Malacanang. It would be revealed that the charges were supported by falsified statements. In a repeat of the October 2006 incident, heavily armed policemen barged into the City Hall after office hours, forcibly opening the offices and occupying the building. he confronted police officials and representatives of the Department of Interior and Local Government, while hundreds of supporters once again swarmed the city hall quadrangle to show their support.
The suspension order generated national media attention, and prompted even administration senatorial candidates to protest publicly, saying the action further undermined their chances in the elections. In the election that followed, Binay and his entire slate in the polls won by a landslide. The opposition slate for the Senate eventually won by a landslide.
Binay initially announced his bid for the presidency for the 2010 elections during his 66th birthday celebration at the Makati City Hall on November 11, 2008 but abandoned his bid in order to give way to the reelection bid of former President Estrada. He eventually became Estrada’s running mate and ran under the banner of Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-LABAN).
He initially showed a relatively poor performance in the public opinion polls, trailing behind Senators Loren Legarda and Mar Roxas, who was heavily favored to win the race, but his standings improved as the elections approached, overtaking Legarda and tying with Roxas in the final survey conducted. He went on to narrowly defeat Roxas in the election by 700,000 votes.
Roxas filed an election protest before the Presidential Electoral Tribunal of the Supreme Court, which is still currently pending.
Binay took his oath as Vice President on June 30, 2010, becoming the first local government official to do so.
He was appointed as chairman of the Housing Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) by President Noynoy Aquino, the same position held by his predecessor, Vice-President Noli de Castro and Presidential Adviser for OFW Concerns. He also heads the Task Force OFW which helps Overseas Filipino Workers who were maltreated by their employers to return to the Philippines with the assistance of the government.
Binay is married to Elenita Sombillo, who is a physician by profession. She was elected Mayor of Makati in the 1998, and served until 2001. They have five children, three of whom are politicians:
- María Lourdes, "Nancy" - incumbent Senator
- Mar-Len, "Abigail" - Representative, 2nd District of Makati City
- Jejomar Erwin, Jr., "Jun Jun" - Mayor of Makati City
- Marita Angeline, "Anne"
- Joanna Marie Blanca, "JM"
During the 2010 campaign, Binay admitted to having an extramarital affair, which almost cost him his marriage. He complained about photos of his mistress that were leaked in the Internet, saying the tactic was a reaction to his rise in his vice presidential poll ratings.
Besides being a member of the Rotary Club of Makati, R.I. District 3830, Binay is currently on his third term as the National President of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines and was elected as the Chairman of the Asia-Pacific Regional Scout Committee on February 8, 2008. He also holds several positions in international organizations, namely: Vice President for Membership (2006–2008), United Cities and Local Governments-Asia Pacific Chapter; Life Honorary Member (since February 2001) and Member, World Executive Committee – International Union of Local Authorities-Asia Pacific; Member, Executive Committee (2006–2009), Network for Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlement (CITYNET); and Chairman, Finance Sub-Committee, World Scout Organization. He also founded Bigay Pagmamahal Foundation Incorporated which gives scholarship to poor students. He also holds the rank of colonel in the Philippine Navy Reserve Force.
Binay took up graduate studies at the National Defense College of the Philippines (NDCP), the Command and General Staff College (CGSC), the Center for Research and Communication (now known as the University of Asia and the Pacific), the Joint Services Command Staff College (JSCSC), and the UP School of Urban and Regional Planning. He also received a certificate from the The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania after completing the International Housing Finance Program. He was a senior executive fellow of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
- 1.^[Note 1] Jejomar Binay was baptized as Jesús José María Cabauatan Binay. However, his third given name, María, is not included on his birth certificate.
- 2.^[Note 2] According to his birth certificate, he was born on November 10, 1942. However according to his official documents, he was born on November 11, 1942, which is the date he personally prefers.
- Jejomar Binay's Birth Certificate
- "1. Jojo Binay, the Small Boy of Makati". Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- Lourdes Binay's Death Certificate
- "Biography of Hon. Jejomar C. Binay, City Mayor". City of Makati. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Vice President Jejomar "Jojo" C. Binay". Office of the Vice President of the Philippines. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Makati City Government official website, Biography of Hon. Jejomar C. Binay,
- "Jejomar C Binay". World Mayor. City Mayors Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Michael Punongbayan Binay suspended for 60 days. Philstar.com. October 18, 2006
- Maila Ager, Veronica Uy, Thea Alberto Allies rush to embattled Binay’s side. Inquirer.net. 10/17/2006
- Erap to Palace: Stop harassing opposition. Philstar.com. October 18, 2006
- CA stops Binay’s suspension. Philstar.com. Updated October 20, 2006
- Norman Bordadora Sandigan Bayan clears Binay of graft charge. Inquirer.net. 10/31/2006
- Binay’s suspension a political vendetta. Inquirer.net. 10/19/2006
- DJ Yap Assets seizure could hurt City Hall – Binay. Inquirer.net. 05/04/2007
- Michael Punongbayan and Jose Rodel Clapano Suspension for Binay. Philstar.com. May 05, 2007
- DJ Yap and Fe Zamora Palace retreats on Binay. Inquirer.net. 05/07/2007
- Daxim Lucas BIR unfreezes Makati funds. Inquirer.net. 05/06/2007
- Julie M. Aurelio, Tarra Quismundo Binay questions suspension order. Inquirer.net. 05/05/2007
- Sandy Araneta Binay questions suspension. Philstar.com. May 09, 2007
- DJ Yap (UPDATE 2) Binay is reelected Makati mayor. Inquirer.net. 05/17/2007
- 10 senators proclaimed. Philippine Fiesta. Volume 6 No. 3. June 8–21, 2007
- Binay overtakes Legarda in VP race. ABS-CBNNews.com. April 29, 2010
- Christian Esguerra and Philip Tubeza Binay ties Roxas; Aquino pulls away. Inquirer.net. 05/07/2010
- Binay: Photos leaked due to rise in ratings. Philstar.com (2010-05-01). Retrieved on 2011-11-05.
- Citymayors.com, Jejomar Binay: Political prisoner, civil rights lawyer and for 20 years Mayor of Makati City. Citymayors.com (2006-10-23). Retrieved on 2011-11-05.