|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredients||Sugar, corn syrup, starch|
|Cookbook:Jelly bean Jelly bean|
Jelly beans (also spelled jellybeans) are a small bean-shaped type of sugar candy with a soft candy shell and a gel interior which come in a wide variety of flavors. The confection is primarily made of sugar.
The Turkish delight, a Turkish dessert made of soft jelly, covered in confectioner's powder, was an early precursor to the jelly bean that inspired its gummy interior. However, it is generally thought that jelly beans first surfaced in 1861 when Boston confectioner William Schrafft urged people to send his jelly beans to soldiers during the American Civil War. It was not until July 5, 1905 that jelly beans were mentioned in the Chicago Daily News. The advertisement publicised bulk jelly beans sold by volume for nine cents per pound, according to the book The Century in Food: America's Fads and Favorites. Today, most historians contend that jellybeans were first linked with celebrations of Easter in the United States sometime in the 1930s. 
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
||This section possibly contains original research. (April 2013)|
The basic ingredients of jelly beans include sugar, corn syrup, and pectin or starch. Relatively minor amounts of the emulsifying agent lecithin, anti-foaming agents, an edible wax such as beeswax, salt, and confectioner's glaze are also included. The ingredients that give each bean its character are also relatively small in proportion and may vary depending on the flavor.
Most jelly beans are sold as an assortment of around eight different flavors, most of them fruit based. Assortments of "spiced" jellybeans and gumdrops are also available, which include a similar number of spice and mint flavors. The colors of jelly beans often correspond with a fruit and a "spiced" flavor.
Some premium brands, such as Jelly Belly and The Jelly Bean Factory, are available in many different flavors, including berry, tropical fruit, soft drink, popcorn, licorice, and novelty ranges, in addition to the familiar fruit and spice flavors. While these are also sold as assortments, individual flavors can be individually purchased from distributors. A version of the Bertie Botts Every Flavor Beans from the Harry Potter series was made commercially available and included flavors described as earwax, dirt, pepper, and vomit.
There are other candy products which also have a hard candy shell and a gummy interior, such as Skittles. However, these are not marketed as jelly beans and are not typically referred to as such.
In the electronics industry, a "jelly bean" component is one which is widely available, used generically in many applications, and has no very unusual characteristics—as though it might be grabbed out of a jar in handfuls when needed, like jelly beans. For example, the 741 might be considered a jelly bean operational amplifier.
In United States slang in the 1910s and early 1920s a "Jellybean" or "Jelly-Bean" was a young man who dressed stylishly to attract women but had little else to recommend him; similar to the older terms dandy and fop and the slightly later drugstore cowboy. F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote a story about such a character, The Jelly-Bean in 1920. In William Faulkner's 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury, Jason complained bitterly about his niece Quentin's promiscuity, remarking that even "the town jellybeans" gave her the "go-by."
The song "Jelly Bean (He's a Curbstone Cutie)" was made popular in the 1940s by Phil Harris. It was written by Jimmie Dupre, Sam Rosen, and Joe Verges and published in New Orleans in 1920 by Universal Music Publishers, Inc.
Popular culture usage
- Jellybeans were handed out to animals in the 1998 film Babe: Pig in the City.
- Versions 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3 of Google's Android operating system are codenamed Jelly Bean. The Android logo shaped like a jelly bean jar is also part of the Android lawn statues on the company's headquarters.
- Harlan Ellison's short story "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman has the Harlequin throwing jellybeans at factory workers to distract them.
- Jellybeans, specifically a jellybean jar guessing contest, are featured in a religious rite performed in the New Church of Hope.
- In season one episode 2 the American comedy television sitcom The Middle featured main character Frankie Heck filling a car full of jelly beans as a publicity stunt on a hot day but the jelly beans stuck inside the car and she was unable to remove them.
- "The History of Jelly Beans publisher=National Confectioners Association".
- "Jelly bean".
- "Jelly Beans: A Colorful History and Association with Easter". AT&T.
- "How Products are Made - Volumes - Jelly Beans". Gale-Edit. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
- Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Matthew Joseph Bruccoli, Judith Baughman, "The Jelly-Bean", Before Gatsby: the first twenty-six stories, p. 341
- Zoom and Pan: Babe: Pig in the City
- Cunningham, Andrew (2013-07-24). "Android 4.3 announced, bringing incremental changes to Jelly Bean (Wired UK)". Wired.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- Westaway, Luke (June 27, 2012). "Android Jelly Bean confirmed by new Google statue". CNET UK. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Ellison's Harlequin: Irrational Moral Action in Static Time
- The Philosophy Of Reason Wiki
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