Jenkin Lloyd Jones

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Jenkin Lloyd Jones
Jones-Jenkin-Lloyd.jpg
Born 14 November 1843
Cardiganshire, Wales
Died 12 September 1918
Tower Hill, Wisconsin
Education Meadville Theological Seminary
Spouse(s) Susan Barber
Edith Lackersteen
Children Richard Lloyd Jones, Mary Jones
Parents Richard Lloyd Jones, Mary Thomas James
Church All Souls Unitarian Church - Chicago Illinois
Ordained 1870
Jenkin Lloyd Jones and his wife on December 6, 1915

Jenkin Lloyd Jones (November 14, 1843 – September 12, 1918) was a Unitarian minister in the United States. He founded All Souls Unitarian Church in Chicago, Illinois, as well as its community outreach organization, the Abraham Lincoln Centre. A radical modernist, he joined the "Unity Men" and stressed a creedless "ethical basis" as the common element for churches.[1] He tried to move Unitarianism away from a Christian focus and became a prominent pacifist at the time of World War I. He was a founder and long-time editor of Unity, a liberal religious weekly magazine.[2]

Early life[edit]

A view of Llandysul, once a hotbed of Welsh Unitarianism.[2]

Jenkin Lloyd Jones was born near Llandysul, a farming town in Cardiganshire, Wales. He was the seventh of ten children born to Richard Lloyd Jones and Mary Thomas James. In 1844, the family emigrated to the United States and settled in Ixonia, Wisconsin, supported by Richard's brother, also named Jenkin. After ten years, Richard and his family moved to Spring Green, Wisconsin.[2]

Civil War service and its influence[edit]

Jenkin, often called "Jenk", enlisted in 1862 in the 6th Battery of the Wisconsin Volunteer Army. His military service included the battles of Vicksburg, Missionary Ridge, Chattanooga, Lookout Mountain and Atlanta. He suffered a broken foot at Missionary Ridge that required him to walk with a cane for the rest of his life. His experiences during the war convinced him that people must find another way to settle their differences. After he was mustered out of the army, Jenk became an outspoken pacifist.[2]

Jenk returned to the family farm in Wisconsin after the war. He soon told his family that he had had a religious experience and decided to study for the ministry. In 1866, he enrolled in the Meadville Theological School in Meadville, Pennsylvania, a Unitarian institution that later became part of Meadville Lombard Theological School. Many of his classmates were also veterans of the war, and he soon became a class leader. He examined the implications of the theory of evolution on ideas about God in his commencement paper, "Theological Bearings of Development Theory."[2]

Marriage and family[edit]

Jones met Susan Charlotte Barber during his time in Meadville. Susan Barber was born May 15, 1832 in New York as the eldest daughter of English immigrants, John Barber and Susan Cartwright. The Cartwrights were Unitarians and had moved to Meadville seeking a like-minded community. Susan studied informally at the theological school while working as secretary to the school's founder, Harm Jan Huidekoper, and his son, Professor Frederic Huidekoper.[3] They married after his graduation in 1870 and spent their honeymoon in Cleveland, Ohio at the annual meeting of the Western Unitarian Conference (WUC). Then the couple returned to Spring Green, where Jenk's mother died soon after.[2]

Jenkin and Susan had two children: Mary and Richard Lloyd Jones;[2] Richard became the owner of the Wisconsin State Journal and then of the Tulsa Tribune.

Career as a Unitarian minister[edit]

Missionary work[edit]

Unity Chapel, Jones's rustic church in the Wyoming Valley.

Jones became the minister of the Liberal Christian Church in Winnetka, Illinois in 1870. However, he resigned this position in less than a year because he felt it too limiting. He returned to Wisconsin to become a traveling missionary. As a missionary, he founded churches in Racine, Madison, Baraboo and Whitewater. He also worked with the First Independent Society of Liberal Christians in Janesville.[2]

In 1875, the WUC hired Jones part-time as Missionary Secretary. He travelled extensively, going as far as California, from then until 1882. His work in this position included helping to find ministers to fill vacant pulpits and attending conferences, installations, ordinations and dedications. In 1876, he was also named Corresponding Secretary of the WUC and liaison to the American Unitarian Association (AUA). Jones was also one of the founders of Unity, a weekly publication, in 1878. He became editor the following year and held that position for the rest of his life.[2]

The combination of pastoral duties and missionary work caused health problems, so Jones decided to quit his missionary position in 1880. Instead, the WUC made the Missionary Secretary a full-time position. Jones resigned the Janesville pastorate and retained his WUC job. He and his family moved to the new WUC headquarters in Chicago.[2]

In 1886, he directed the building of Unity Chapel in Spring Green. His nephew, Frank Lloyd Wright served as a draftsman on this project. Joseph Silsbee was the actual designer.[4]

All Souls Church (Chicago)[edit]

The Jones family travelled to Wales in 1882, where Jenk preached and met with family members and other Unitarians. After they returned to Chicago, he met with a dozen members of the nearly defunct Fourth Unitarian Church. By the following year, he had led its reorganization as All Souls Church. In 1884, he resigned his position with the WUC to serve the rest of his life as minister of All Souls.[2]

In 1895, the church bought land for a new building that would house both the church and its related social services. The latter included a gymnasium, classrooms, library and reading rooms. This building was completed in 1905 and named the Abraham Lincoln Centre.[2]

Peace advocacy[edit]

At the turn of the twentieth century, most Unitarians were peace advocates. Although Jenkin Lloyd Jones had served in the Civil War and believed that the ending of slavery was a positive outcome, he also believed that war was a bad thing. This caused him to preach openly against the Spanish-American War and the subsequent American intervention in the Philippines.[2]

In 1915, Henry Ford sponsored an international conference in Stockholm. He chartered a ship, thereafter known as the Henry Ford Peace Ship, to bring a large delegation of American peace activists to the conference. Jones was one of this delegation. The conference failed to stop the war and was largely discredited in the American press. Support for the war grew until the United States joined the conflict in 1917. The Chicago Peace Society did not speak out against the war, angering Jones to the point of withdrawing his membership.[2]

He continued to publicly oppose the war, both in speaking and writing. In 1918 Chicago's postmaster, citing the Emergency Act of 1917, prohibited the mailing of Unity. Jenk petitioned to have the suspension lifted. This was granted shortly before Jenk's death.[2]

Death of Susan and remarriage[edit]

Susan Lloyd Barber's health began to decline in the mid-1890s. She suffered from hearing loss and severe headaches, which prevented her from participating in Jenk's work. Susan died of appendicitis in 1911.[3]

In 1915, Jenkin married Mrs. Edith Lackersteen, a long-time co-worker at the Abraham Lincoln Centre.[2]

Death[edit]

Jenkin Lloyd Jones died September 12, 1918 in Tower Hill, Wisconsin. An obituary listed the cause of death as "shock following an operation."[5] His body was interred in the churchyard of Unity Chapel.[2]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Excerpt from Robinson, David. The Unitarians and the Universalists, 1985, available at [1].
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Tauscher, Cathy and Peter Hughes. "Jenkin Lloyd Jones." [2].
  3. ^ a b Tauscher, Cathy and Peter Hughes."Susan Charlotte Barber Lloyd Jones."
  4. ^ Unity Chapel home page. Accessed November 6, 2010
  5. ^ New York Times. "Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones." September 13, 1918."[3] Accessed October 31, 2010.

External links[edit]