Jennie Howard

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Jennie Howard was born in Massachusetts in July 1861[1] and died in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1931. She was raised in North Prescott, Massachusetts and attended Worcester Academy before entering Framingham Normal School (now Framingham State University) in March 1864. Miss Howard graduated Framingham Normal School in 1866.

In 1883, Miss Howard and twenty-two other American teachers went to Argentina at the request of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento,[2] Argentina's seventh constitutional president.[3] The teachers were divided into small groups and were deployed to different parts of the country to study Spanish. Many of the teachers were given only four months of language training.[4] Howard was thirty eight and already an experienced teacher when she arrived in Argentina. After four months in Parana, Howard and Edith Howe, another Framingham School graduate, assisted in the organization of the Girls's Normal School of Corrientes, where they stayed for two years.

After her time abroad, Howard became regent and vice-directress of the Girl's Normal School in Cordoba. She remained there for two years and was subsequently transferred to the Mixed Normal School of San Nicholas where she remained there for sixteen years.

In Women in Argentina: Early Travels, Szurmuk wrote that Howard viewed Argentina as backward and barbaric.[5] Miss Howard wrote a book about her experiences as an educator in Argentina titled In Distant Climes and Other Years. Howard wrote that "it is more difficult for the Latin race to speak the truth" and the Argentine teachers had "deeply grounded faults to be eradicated in the young teacher's training which will still take some generations to eradicate.[6]"

Jennie Howard retired in 1903 and remained in her adopted country until her death in 1931.


  1. ^ Howard, Jennie (1931). In Distant Climes and Other Years. The American Press. p. 136. 
  2. ^ Crespo, Julio (2007). Las maestras de Sarmiento. Grupo Abierto Communicaciones. p. 417. ISBN 978-987-1121-28-1. 
  3. ^ Faust, A.F. (1951). "The Influence of the United States Upon the Developing Argentine Normal School". History of Education Journal 2 (2). 
  4. ^ Faust, A.F. (Winter 1951). "The Influence of the United States Upon the Developing Argentine Normal School". History of Education 2 (2). 
  5. ^ Szumuk, Monica (2000). Women in Argentina. University Press of Florida. 
  6. ^ Howard, Jennie E. (1931). In Distant Climes and Other Years. America Press.