Jennifer Lopez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jennifer López)
Jump to: navigation, search
"J.Lo" redirects here. For the album, see J.Lo (album). For other uses, see J.Lo (disambiguation).
For the meteorologist, see Jennifer Lopez (meteorologist).
Jennifer Lopez
Jennifer Lopez GLAAD 2014.jpg
Lopez at the 25th GLAAD Media Awards, April 2014
Born Jennifer Lynn Lopez
(1969-07-24) July 24, 1969 (age 45)
The Bronx, New York City, New York, U.S.
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.[1]
Occupation
  • actress
  • author
  • dancer
  • fashion designer
  • producer
  • singer
  • songwriter
Years active 1986; 1991–present
Net worth $315 million (est. 2014)[2]
Spouse(s)
Children 2
Relatives Lynda Lopez (sister)
Musical career
Genres
Labels
Associated acts
Website
jenniferlopez.com

Jennifer Lynn Lopez[3][4] (born July 24, 1969) is an American actress, author, fashion designer, dancer, producer, singer, and songwriter. She became interested in pursuing a career in the entertainment industry following a minor role in the 1986 film My Little Girl, to the dismay of her Puerto Rican parents, who believed that it was an unrealistic career route for a Hispanic. Lopez gained her first regular high-profile job as a Fly Girl dancer on In Living Color in 1991, where she remained a regular until she decided to pursue an acting career in 1993. She received her first leading role in the Selena biopic of the same name in 1997. Lopez became the first Latina actress to earn over $1 million for a role the following year, with the film Out of Sight. She ventured into the music industry in 1999 with her debut studio album, On the 6.

With the simultaneous release of her second studio album J.Lo and her film The Wedding Planner in 2001, Lopez became the first person to have a number one album and film in the same week. Her 2002 remix album, J to tha L–O! The Remixes, became the first in history to debut at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, while her fifth studio album, Como Ama una Mujer (2007), received the highest first-week sales for a Spanish album in the United States. With past record sales of 55 million[5][6] and a cumulative film gross of over $2 billion, Lopez is regarded as the most influential Hispanic performer in the United States, as well as its highest paid Latin entertainer.[7] As of March 2014, she has an estimated net worth of $250 million.[8] Along with Pitbull and Claudia Leitte, she recorded "We Are One (Ole Ola)", which served as the official song of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[9]

Beyond entertainment, Lopez enjoyed a highly successful business career, consisting of various clothing lines, accessories, fragrances, a production company, television shows and a charitable foundation among other business interests. Lopez's personal relationships have attracted worldwide media attention; she has been married three times. Following the breakdown of her first marriage, Lopez dated rapper and entertainment mogul Sean Combs. Following the breakdown of her second marriage to husband Cris Judd, she dated actor Ben Affleck. Their relationship was the subject of much media interest; their planned wedding was cancelled four days before the ceremony. Lopez then wed longtime friend Marc Anthony; they separated after seven years of marriage. Lopez gave birth to their twins, Emme and Maximilian, in 2008.

Early life

Castle Hill, the neighborhood where Lopez was born and raised

Jennifer Lynn Lopez was born on July 24, 1969, in the Castle Hill neighborhood of The Bronx, New York City, New York[10] to Puerto Rican parents Guadalupe Rodriguez and David Lopez. Her younger sister Lynda is a journalist. She and Lynda have an elder sister named Leslie.[11] David worked the night shift at the Guardian Insurance Company, before becoming a computer technician at the firm, while Guadalupe was a homemaker. When Lopez was born, the family was living in a small apartment. A few years later, her parents had saved up enough money to be able to purchase a two-story house, which was considered a big deal for the relatively poor family.[12] At the age of five, Lopez began taking singing and dancing lessons. She toured New York with her school when she was seven years old. Her parents stressed the importance of work ethic and being able to speak English. They encouraged their three daughters to put on performances at home; singing and dancing in front of each other and their friends so that they would stay "out of trouble".[13] Lopez spent her entire academic career in Catholic schools, finishing at Preston High School.[14] In school, Lopez did gymnastics, ran track on a national level and was a member of the school's softball team.[15] She excelled athletically rather than academically, competing in national track championships.[13] In 1984, at the age of fifteen, she began dating David Cruz, her first boyfriend.[12]

While attending her final year of high school, Lopez learned about a film casting that was seeking several teenage girls for small roles. She auditioned and was cast in My Little Girl (1986), a low-budget film co-written and directed by Connie Kaiserman.[16] Lopez acted as Myra, a young woman at a center for troubled girls. After she finished filming her role in the film, Lopez realized that she wanted to become a "famous movie star". To please her parents, though, she enrolled in Baruch College, only to drop out after one semester. She told her parents her dream of becoming a movie star, but they insisted that it was a "really stupid" idea and that "no Latinos did that". The differences in opinions led Lopez to move out of their family home and into an apartment in Manhattan. During this period, Lopez performed in regional productions of the musicals: Jesus Christ Superstar and Oklahoma. From there, she was hired for the chorus in a Golden Musicals of Broadway, which toured Europe for five months. She was unhappy with the role, as she was the only member of the chorus to not have a solo. She later got a job on the show Synchronicity in Japan, where she acted as a dancer, singer and a choreographer.[12]

Career

1991–96: In Living Color and early film career

Lopez was selected as a backup dancer for the New Kids on the Block in 1991 and performed with them during their performance of "Games" at the 8th Annual American Music Awards.[17] Shortly after, Lopez gained her first regular high-profile job as a Fly Girl dancer on the television program In Living Color. She applied for the job after one of the cast members was unavailable to continue with the show. Out of 2,000 applicants, Lopez made it to the finals. She was the runner-up, but eventually received the role when the winner was unable to accept the job. She moved with Cruz to Los Angeles to film the series and remained a regular cast member until 1993 when she decided to pursue a full-time acting career. Prior to leaving the show, Lopez briefly worked as a backup dancer for American recording artist Janet Jackson.[18] Lopez was set to tour with Jackson on her Janet World Tour in late 1993, but backed out as she wanted to do her "own thing."[19]

Lopez received her first professional acting gig in the direct-to-video drama film Lost in the Wild (1993), co-starring alongside Lindsay Wagner and Robert Loggia.[20] Later in 1993 Lopez signed a deal with CBS to co-star in the television series Second Chances. The show was cancelled after airing only six episodes, due to its set being destroyed by the 1994 Northridge earthquake.[21] A spin-off of the series, titled Hotel Malibu was launched later that same year. It also ran for only a brief period of time and, like Second Chances, received negative reviews.[22][23] Lopez received her first major big-screen role in Gregory Nava's 1995 drama My Family, portraying Young Maria.[24] The film, which stars Esai Morales, Jimmy Smits, and Edward James Olmos, was critically acclaimed.[25] Although her role was uncredited, Lopez received an Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female nomination for her performance.[24] In November 1995, Lopez starred in Money Train alongside Wesley Snipes and Woody Harrelson, as New York City transit cops. The film faced negative reviews and is considered to be a box office bomb; with a budget of $68 million, the film grossed a total of $77 million worldwide.[26][27] In August 1996, Lopez had a supporting role in the comedy Jack.[28] With a budget of $45 million, the film grossed a total of $59 domestically.[29] The film received generally negative reviews.[30]

1997–99: Breakthrough with Selena and On the 6

Lopez earned widespread acclaim for her role as Selena in the 1997 biopic film Selena.

In February 1997, Lopez starred alongside Jack Nicholson and Stephen Dorff in the neo-noir thriller Blood and Wine.[31] It was a commercial failure; the $26 million production budget was matched with a domestic gross of $1 million at the box office.[32] Despite this, the film received generally positive reviews from critics.[33] Lopez starred as the title role of the Selena biopic of the same name in March.[34] Despite having previously worked with the film's director on My Family, Lopez was subjected to an intense auditioning process before she was cast in the film.[35] With a production budget of $20 million, the film grossed a total of $35 million domestically.[36] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times stated that even in the "forgettable films" Money Train, and Jack, Lopez's "presence and ability made her seem just one role away from stardom" and with Selena she's "seized the opportunity and turned in an incandescent presentation that is especially strong during the film's numerous musical numbers". He concluded by calling the film not just a celebration of Selena's life, but also of the actress who portrayed her.[37] After filming Selena, Lopez was "really feeling [her] Latin roots" and cut a demo in Spanish.[38] Lopez's manager then sent the song, titled "Vivir Sin Ti" (Living without You), to Sony Music Entertainment's Work Group, who showed an interest in signing Lopez. Tommy Mottola, the head of the label suggested to her that she sing in English instead.[39]

In April, Lopez starred in the horror film Anaconda alongside Ice Cube and Jon Voight.[40] With a production budget of $45 million, the film grossed a total of $137 million worldwide, becoming a commercial success.[41] Lopez starred alongside Sean Penn and Billy Bob Thornton in the crime film U Turn in October. The film, which is based on the novel Stray Dogs by John Ridley, received generally positive reception from critics.[42] In June, Lopez starred opposite George Clooney in Out of Sight, Steven Soderbergh's adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel of the same name (1996).[43] Cast as a deputy federal marshal who falls for a charming criminal, Lopez won rave reviews for her performance and became the first Latina actress to earn over $1 million for a role.[44] With a production budget of $48 million, the film grossed a total of $78 million worldwide, becoming a moderate commercial success.[45] Lopez provided the voice of Azteca in the computer-animated film Antz in October.[46] With a production budget of $105 million, the film grossed a total of $172 million worldwide.[47]

Lopez's debut single, "If You Had My Love", was released in May 1999, as she began to ready her first album.[48][49] Lopez became the first artist to top the Billboard Hot 100 with their debut single since Britney Spears did so with her single, "...Baby One More Time", four months prior.[50] During production of her debut album On the 6, Lopez was aware that she received her recording contract on the premise of her looks and having an already established name in the entertainment industry, and wanted to prove she had musical talent.[51] Prior to the debut of her music, critics wondered why she would take the risk of launching a music career. It was noted that: "If the album was a flop, not only would it embarrass Lopez, but it might even damage her career."[52] "Waiting for Tonight", the third single from On the 6, is widely considered to be Lopez's best song.[53] Lopez's musical success came as a surprise to critics; its launch made the "popular actor even more popular". Both the music industry and the public became intrigued by "this woman who seemed to have so many different talents".[52] By the end of 1999, Lopez successfully converted herself from a film star to a pop star.[54] She joined a select few in achieving this feat, becoming the first since Vanessa Williams (1992) and Martika (1989).[50]

2000–02: Continued film success, J.Lo and This Is Me... Then

On February 23, 2000, Lopez, in the accompaniment of then-boyfriend Sean Combs, wore a plunging exotic green Versace silk chiffon dress on the red carpet of the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards. The dress "had a low-cut neck that extended several inches below her navel, where it was loosely fastened with a sparkly brooch and then opened out again," exposing her midriff and then as cut along the front of the legs like a bath robe.[55] The dress generated controversy and media attention, with images of Lopez in the dress being downloaded from the Grammy website over half a million times 24 hours after the event.[56] Lopez was surprised by the enormous media coverage, declaring that she had no idea "it was going to become such a big deal".[57] Lopez returned to the big-screen in August, starring in the psychological thriller The Cell opposite Vincent D'Onofrio.[58] With a production budget of $33 million, the film grossed a total of $104 million worldwide.[59] The film received mixed reviews from critics, who stated that although it offers "disturbing, stunning eye candy", it is "undermined by a weak and shallow plotline that offers nothing new".[60]

During the process of creating her second album, Lopez decided to tweak her image as she began to develop into a sex symbol. She changed her stage name to J.Lo, a nickname she was given by her fans.[61] She subsequently named the album J.Lo, which was released on January 23, 2001. The record was a commercial success, debuting at number one on the United States Billboard 200.[62] This exact week, her romantic comedy film The Wedding Planner in which she starred opposite Matthew McConaughey, opened atop the box office. This made her the first entertainer to have a number one film and album simultaneously.[63] The album initially spawned the hit singles "Love Don't Cost a Thing" and "Play". April 2001 saw the public launch of J.Lo by Jennifer Lopez, her own clothing and accessory company which specialized in clothing females of all shapes.[61] That May, Lopez starred in the romantic drama film Angel Eyes, which performed disappointingly at the box office and generated mixed reviews.[64] In July, an urban oriented "Murder remix" of the track "I'm Real" featuring Ja Rule was released. The remix reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[65] Following the September 11 attacks, Lopez was heavily involved in charitable activities. Joining various other artists, she was featured on charitable singles such as "What's Going On" and "El Ultimo Adios (The Last Goodbye)" which benefited people affected by the tragedy.[66][67]

To enhance Lopez's success in the urban market, promotion of J.Lo ended and a remix album titled J to tha L–O! The Remixes was released on February 5, 2002.[68][69] Its lead single was "Ain't It Funny (Murder Remix)", which also featured Ja Rule, which reached number one in the United States. The remix album debuted at the summit of the Billboard 200, becoming the first to do so.[70] It is the third highest selling remix album in history, with sales of one and a half million in the United States.[71] J to tha L–O! The Remixes spawned two other singles, "I'm Gonna Be Alright" and "Alive", a ballad co-written by her husband at the time, Cris Judd. April 2002 saw Lopez open her restaurant, Madrè's.[61]

In May 2002, Lopez starred in the thriller film Enough as a woman named Slim who flees her home after being abused by her husband. The film grossed a modest $52 million at the box office,[72] though garnered lukewarm reviews, despite being dubbed a "kick-butt, female empowerment" movie.[73] Filming Enough required an overworked Lopez to practice Krav Maga, and despite being at the height of her fame at the time, she suffered a nervous breakdown while on set. Lopez recalled years later feeling "sick and weird", refusing therapeutic help or medication. She confessed, "I was like – I don't want to move, I don't want to talk, I don't want to do anything."[74] In September, Lopez released her first fragrance, Glow by JLo. It performed strongly despite predictions that it would fail, and became America's top-selling fragrance.[75]

The month of her engagement to actor Ben Affleck saw the release of her third studio album, This Is Me... Then, which was dedicated to him. It spawned the internationally successful singles "Jenny from the Block" and "All I Have". The album itself, which featured multiple love songs,[76] performed strongly, having sold over two and a half million copies in the United States.[71] December 2002 saw Lopez star opposite Ralph Fiennes in the romantic comedy film Maid in Manhattan. She played Marisa Ventura, a struggling single mother who lives in the Bronx and makes her living cleaning rooms in a super-luxurious Manhattan hotel. Marisa gets mistaken for a socialite by a princely politician, who she falls in love with.[77] With a production budget of $55 million, the film grossed $155 million at the box office worldwide.[78] The New York Times compared the film's storyline to her song "Jenny from the Block".[79]

2003–05: Film disappointments and Rebirth

In August 2003, Lopez starred opposite Affleck in the romantic comedy Gigli. With a production budget of $54 million, the film grossed a total of $7 million worldwide, becoming a box office bomb.[80] The film received universally negative reviews from film critics, who deemed it to be "bizarre and clumsily plotted".[81] Gilgi is often considered to be one of the worst films of all time.[82][83]

Lopez in 2004

In March 2004, Lopez had a minor role in the film Jersey Girl, alongside Affleck. Her character, Gertrude Steiney, dies during childbirth within the first 15 minutes of the film. From the intense media scrutiny following the couple's break-up, it was noted that "they may need to put Lopez in a coffin on the poster if they want anyone to come".[84] With a production budget of $35 million, the film was a commercial failure, earning a total of $36 million at the box office.[85] The film, however, received generally positive reviews from critics, despite being "full of cloyingly sentimental cliches".[86] In October, Lopez co-starred alongside Richard Gere in the drama Shall We Dance?, a re-make of the 1996 Japanese film of the same title. With a production budget of $50 million, the film grossed a total of $170 million worldwide.[87] It received generally positive reviews from critics, although it was noted that it "loses the nuances of the original", with the loss of cultural context and the addition of high-profile celebrities.[88]

In 2004, during low-key visits to the Children's Hospital Los Angeles, which Lopez is an avid support of, she befriended eleven-year-old cancer patient Paige Patterson. Patterson attended the inaugural Noche de Niños gala for the hospital in which Lopez was presented with an award, however the morning after became even more sick and died in November 2004. Lopez has stated that Patterson made her realize why her charity work is important.[89] Lopez dedicated Rebirth, her fourth studio album, to Patterson.[90] According to Lopez, Rebirth "came about because I was on such a roller-coaster ride, that was my career from my first album to my last album, and I did a bunch of movie projects in between. I finally took some time just for myself, and [when] I came back, this was the first project I did. I felt like it was a new beginning for me, like I was, in a way, reborn. I was where I was when I made my first album".[91] Tracy Hopkins of NBC's Today Music noted that after "fawning" over Affleck on This Is Me... Then", Lopez "wisely keeps her love life out of the spotlight" on Rebirth and only references her relationship with Anthony on a few tracks.[92]

In May, Lopez starred alongside Jane Fonda in the romantic comedy Monster-in-Law. She received $15 million for her role as Charlie, an artist who is pitted against her fiance's mother when she does not accept her as being the right woman for her son.[93][94] With a production budget of $43 million, the film grossed a total of $155 million worldwide.[95] The film received generally negative reviews from film critics, who stated although Fonda "steals the show" in her "return to the screen", the "tired" script and "flimsy performances" make Monster-in-Law fall "flat".[96] In August, Lopez starred alongside Robert Redford and Morgan Freeman in An Unfinished Life, a drama film based on the novel of the same name. The film was a commercial failure, only grossing $18 million worldwide with its production budget of $30 million.[97]

2006–09: Como Ama una Mujer and Brave

Bordertown, a film based on the Female homicides in Ciudad Juárez, made its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival on May 18, 2006. Lopez, who also acts as the film's producer, stars as Lauren Adrian, an American news reporter for the Chicago Sentinel who wants to be assigned to the Iraq front-lines to cover the war.[98] The film received a limited release in theaters throughout Europe in 2007 and a direct-to-video release in many other countries in 2008, including the United States. Bordertown was a commercial failure, grossing a total of $8 million worldwide, with its $21 million production budget.[99][100] DanceLife, a reality series following the lives of seven dancers trying to break into the world of professional dance, aired on MTV from January 15 to March 5, 2007. Lopez produced, created and was featured in the show.[101] According to the album's co-producer Estéfano, Lopez's fifth studio album Como Ama una Mujer would "prove critics wrong" with its "big songs that require a voice"; referring to the criticism of Lopez having a "limited" vocal tone.[102][103] The album received the highest first-week sales in the United States for a Spanish album and the highest digital sales.[104]

In September 2007, Lopez starred in the biographical film El Cantante, which is based on the life of the late salsa singer Héctor Lavoe. In the film, Lavoe is portrayed by then-husband Marc Anthony while Lopez plays Lavoe's wife Puchi.[105] The film initially debuted at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 12, 2006, and received mixed reviews from critics.[105] In an interview with Latina magazine, Lopez revealed that she felt her performance in the film El Cantante, should have earned her an Oscar.[106] "I feel like I had that [Oscar worthy role] in 'El Cantante,' but I don't think the academy members saw it".[106] Lopez and Anthony also launched their co-headlining North American concert tour on September 28. The tour grossed an estimated $10 million, with one dollar from each ticket sold being donated to Run for Something Better—a charitable organization supporting physical fitness programs for children.[107][108]

Lopez's sixth studio album Brave, released in October, become her lowest-charting album worldwide.[109] The album produced two singles, "Do It Well" and "Hold It Don't Drop It". The first peaked at number 31 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, while the latter failed to make any significant impact on the charts. A five-part miniseries, Jennifer Lopez Presents: Como Ama una Mujer, based on the lyrics of Como Ama una Mujer aired on Univision from October 30 to November 27, 2007. In late 2009, Lopez released two songs for her seventh studio album, Love? ("Louboutins" and "Fresh Out of the Oven"); however, the songs failed to make an appearance on the Billboard charts which led to her departure from Epic Records.[110]

2010–12: Career rejuvenation and American Idol

Lopez parted ways with Epic Records in February 2010, citing that she had fulfilled her contractual obligations and now wished to release her seventh studio album Love? under a new label.[111] Her departure from the label temporarily halted production on the album, which commenced in 2009. Upon signing a new contract with Island Records, recording resumed on the album.[112] The New York Daily News revealed that Lopez would be taking some of the records recorded under Sony Music Entertainment to her new label so that they could be included on the album.[113] In April, Lopez starred in the romantic comedy The Back-up Plan, her first theatrical role in three years.[114] Having grossed a modest $77 million worldwide, the film received lukewarm critical reviews for "unrelatable characters" and a "predictable plot", although Lopez's acting was praised.[115][116] In June, following the departure of Ellen DeGeneres from American Idol, it was reported that Lopez was in talks to join season ten's judging panel.[117][118][119] During this same time, Lopez and Anthony were being considered for a role on The X Factor for their appeal to Latin and International markets.[120] It was officially announced in September that Lopez would be joining the tenth season of American Idol. MTV stated that the deal was "mutually beneficial to all those involved", while CNN reported that Lopez was viewing it as a decision to revive her career, while American Idol producers believed that Lopez and Steven Tyler's appointments would strengthen viewing figures.[121] In October, Lopez released her fourteenth fragrance, Love and Glamour. The perfume was inspired by Lopez's forthcoming "return to the spotlight".[122]

A 22-second sample of "On the Floor", which combines a sample of "Llorando se fue" by Los Kjarkas, with dance, house and Latin music.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

L'Oreal Paris named Lopez their new Global Ambassador and the face of their brands, including EverPure hair care, Preference hair color and Youth Code skin care. Her EverSleek hair care ads made their debut in early 2011, to coincide with the release of Love? and her debut as a judge on American Idol.[123] To further promote her comeback, in February, Venus chose Lopez as their new Global Ambassador.[124] Lopez's comeback single "On the Floor" was released later that same month. The song topped the charts across the globe, becoming one of the most successful singles of the year.[125] The song also became her highest charting single commercially as a lead artist, as well as her most successful airplay hit on contemporary hit radio, since "Jenny from the Block".[126] Love?, which was released in May, was a moderate commercial success, and was viewed as a humble comeback from Lopez, as many had considered her recording career over.[109] Lopez launched her next fragrance Love and Light in July, exclusively on HSN. 51,000 bottles of the fragrance were sold at its premiere, becoming Lopez's most successful fragrance launch to date, making over $2.9 million.[127] In September, Lopez launched the Jennifer Lopez Collection, a clothing and accessories line for Kohl's with Tommy Hilfiger.[128] In addition to the clothing line, she also launched the Jennifer Lopez Home Collection, featuring bedding, towels and luggage.[129] Later that same month Fiat, an Italian automobile manufacturer, enlisted Lopez to promote their products, including the 2012 Fiat 500 Cabrio. Olivier Francois, the Chrysler chief marketing officer, stated that she "fits perfectly with the brand".[130]

In January 2012, Lopez returned as judge on the eleventh season of American Idol, earning a reported $20 million.[131] Later that same month, a new talent show, ¡Q'Viva! The Chosen, created by Simon Fuller premiered on Univision and was a hit for the channel.[132][133] It followed Lopez, Anthony and director-choeographer Jamie King as they travelled across 21 countries in Latin America to find new talent for a Las Vegas show. On May 18, Lopez returned to the big screen starring alongside an ensemble cast consisting of Cameron Diaz, Elizabeth Banks, Matthew Morrison and Dennis Quaid in the film What to Expect When You're Expecting.[134] Based on the novel of the same name, Lopez plays Holly, a woman who adopts a baby from abroad with her husband after difficulty conceiving. The film was a moderate success at the box office with a total gross of $84 million, although it received negative reviews.[135][136] In late May, Lopez released her fragrance Glowing by JLo, which she described as an "evolution" of Glow by JLo.[137]

Lopez performing during her Dance Again World Tour, June 2012.

Lopez launched the Dance Again World Tour, her first headlining concert tour, on June 14.[138] On July 12, Lopez launched Teeology, a luxury T-shirt e-commerce.[139] Lopez voiced Shira, a saber tooth tiger, in the animated film, Ice Age: Continental Drift, the fourth film in the Ice Age franchise.[140] The film debuted at number one at the US box office, having grossed $46 million in its opening weekend, becoming Lopez's highest opening weekend figure.[141] With a $95 million production budget, the film has since grossed $877 million worldwide.[142]

Lopez's first greatest hits album, Dance Again... the Hits, was released on July 24, 2012 in the United States.[143] It was released by Epic Records, as Lopez owed them one final album to end her contract, despite previously announcing that she had fulfilled her contract with the label.[144] Lopez, who was going through a divorce with Anthony and the "breakup of a family", felt as if the album's sole single, "Dance Again", had come to her at the "perfect moment".[145][146] "Dance Again" and "Goin' In", a single from the soundtrack of the dance film Step Up Revolution, both reached the top of the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs, giving Lopez her twelfth and thirteenth number one on that chart, respectively. Additionally, "Goin' In" became her tenth consecutive number one on the chart, tying Katy Perry for having the most consecutive numbers ones on the chart.[147] nuvoTV announced in September its premier partnership with Lopez, that will see her work on the creative side of the network, managing marketing and program production with her production company, Nuyorican Productions, as well as periodically appearing in network programming.[148][149] In December, Lopez held a charity drive that would affect her three favorite charities: the Gloria Wise Boys and Girls Club, the Children's Hospital of Los Angeles as well as the American Red Cross which would mainly benefit victims of Hurricane Sandy which devastated parts of her home town, New York City.[150]

2013–present: A.K.A. and other ventures

In January 2013, Lopez starred alongside Jason Statham in the crime thriller Parker, in which she played Leslie. Her performance earned positive reviews, with Chicago Tribune commending the role for giving Lopez "an opportunity to be dramatic, romantic, funny, depressed, euphoric and violent. The audience stays with her all the way".[151] It under-performed at the box office, however.[152] The following month, she gained widespread notoriety for wearing a daring black dress at the Grammy Awards which revealed her entire right leg; despite a conservative dress code which had been issued to celebrities in attendance.[153] In May, Lopez was announced as the chief creative officer of nuvoTV. In addition, she founded the mobile phone retail brand Viva Móvil, which is catered specifically for Latinos.[154] In these media ventures, Lopez hoped to empower the Latin community, stating that: "We're realizing our power. We're realizing that we matter here. You know, we're not just, you know, the guys working behind the scenes in the kitchens and as a plumber."[155] She began politically lobbying for more Hispanic diversity on television;[156] "There's a big revolution going on, it's like a media and cultural revolution of Latinos here in the United States. We're realizing our power. We're realizing that we matter here."[155]

Inspired by her gay aunt who had died, Lopez signed on as executive producer of the television series The Fosters, which is about a same sex couple raising a family.[157] The show premiered on ABC Family on June 3, 2013, and has since been a ratings success for the network.[158] She was awarded the Ally for Equality award presented by the Human Rights Campaign.[159] Later that June, Lopez performed at the birthday of Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov.[160] Doing so, she garnered widespread backlash for performing for the leader of a "repressive, authoritarian regime".[161] Her publicist released an apology.[160] Lopez returned as judge on American Idol for its thirteenth season for a reported salary of $17.5 million.[162]

After the conclusion of her Dance Again World Tour, Lopez began recording her eighth studio album, A.K.A., inspired by her travels.[163] It was released in June 2014 through Capitol Records.[164] In January 2014, she released two promotional songs from the album: "Same Girl" and "Girls". In March, she released the album's official first single "I Luh Ya PaPi" which features French Montana.[165] In April, the official song for the 2014 FIFA World Cup performed by Pitbull, Lopez and Brazilian recording artist Claudia Leitte, "We Are One (Ole Ola)", was released.[166]

Lopez has a range of upcoming acting projects. In 2015, she will star in the risqué low-budget thriller The Boy Next Door,[167] the independent film Lila & Eve (alongside Viola Davis),[168] and the animated feature Home (alongside Steve Martin and Rihanna).[169] Lopez will also venture into television. NBC has ordered a 13-episode television drama, in which Lopez will executive produce and star. In the series, titled Shades of Blue, expected to air in the 2015–16 television season, she will portray a single mother and police detective who goes undercover for the FBI to investigate her own squad. Ryan Seacrest will also produce the series.[170] She is currently planning to record a Christmas album by the end of 2014 which will be followed by another Spanish-language album next year.[171]

Artistry

Musical style

Over the course of her music career, Lopez has delved into various music genres including latin pop, dance, R&B, hip hop, rock, funk, house and salsa. According to author Ed Morales, her music explores both the "romantic innocence of Latin music" and hip hop.[172] While heavily influenced by Latin musical styles ranging from salsa to bachata, it was the 1979 hip hop song "Rapper's Delight" by hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang that inspired her career. As she forayed into the music industry, Lopez fused Latin music together with the hip hop sound she loved, which she branded Latin soul.[173]

While her first two albums included funk, dance, urban and Latin-flavored music,[174][175][176] Lopez's third album This Is Me... Then was inspired by '70s music.[177] Rebirth, her fourth album, explored pop rock while utilizing stronger use of percussion and horns. Her sixth and seventh studio albums, Brave and Love?, delved further into a dance music direction.[178] Lyrically, Lopez's music revolves around love. However, she has also explored themes such as dance, sex, female empowerment, and self-loathing.[179][180][181][182] She often includes personal experiences in her songs, such as her relationship with Ben Affleck on tracks "Dear Ben" and "He'll Be Back".[183][184][185] Songs from Love? such as "Until It Beats No More" and "One Love" are also based on Lopez's own love life.[186]

Lopez has been influenced by artists such as Tina Turner, James Brown, Michael Jackson, Madonna and Barbra Streisand.[187][188][189] Critics have considered Lopez's soubrette vocal type to be limited,[190][191] though "radio friendly".[192] Rolling Stone observed: "Instead of strained vocal pyrotechnics, Lopez sticks to the understated R&B murmur of a round-the-way superstar who doesn't need to belt because she knows you're already paying attention [...] She makes a little va-va and a whole lot of voom go a long way."[193] Entertainment Weekly criticized her vocal performance for lacking the trademark "husky-voiced voluptuousness" she has in her films.[194] The Baltimore Sun regards Lopez as having a "breathy" stylistic range, but lacking personality.[195] Today Music opined: "like Madonna and Janet, people don’t listen to J.Lo for the poignant lyrics—she’s best when riding a dance groove".[196]

Choreography and stage

Lopez has felt an emotional connection to dance since her childhood.[197] Growing up, she specialized in ballet, jazz and flamenco dance genres.[198] Her career commenced on the variety television sketch comedy series In Living Color, where she was a part of an ethnically diverse dance group labeled The Fly Girls.[199] Lopez briefly served as a back-up dancer to recording artist Janet Jackson, who she claimed to have a considerable influence over her choreography. After beginning her own recording career, Lopez's provocatively choreographed debut music video for "If You Had My Love" allowed her to become a dominant figure on MTV Networks worldwide.[200] Since, Lopez has become well known for her body-emphasizing music videos such as "Waiting for Tonight", "I'm Glad" and "Dance Again" among others, which have been subject to mixed responses.[201] For the film Shall We Dance? (2004), Lopez learned a new genre of dance: ballroom.[202] Lopez often includes dance routines to her music videos.[203]

In a study of the successful Latina in relation to sex and dance, author Priscilla Peña Ovalle observed in Dance and the Hollywood Latina: Race, Sex and Stardom (2011), that Lopez utilized the mythology of dance which makes the Latina star a "paradoxical figure". Ovalle wrote: "[the] Latina star strikes a balance: by wielding her body and its purported sexuality in familiar ways, she achieves agency in a career and nation that would otherwise exclude her and her movement."[204] Troy Patterson of Entertainment Weekly also noted Lopez for using her body for emphasis, "She turned herself out as the fly girl hyperversion of postfeminist power, flaunting her control by toying with the threat of excess. In consequence, her star went supernova."[205] Lopez and Shakira are recognized for their signature moves which include "clock-wise pivoting with salsa hip circles and sequential torso undulations".[206]

Lopez is often noted for her choreography and high-energy provocative stage performances, which have at times caused her to receive scrutiny from the public.[207][208][209] She often includes bodysuits as part of her performances.[210][211] Though noted to lip sync in the early stages of her music career, Lopez's Dance Again World Tour was praised for showcasing her live vocals and choreography synchronously.[212][213][214] In May 2013, Lopez's performance on the finale of the television series Britain's Got Talent, which was deemed inappropriate and over-raunchy for family-friendly television, drew official viewer complaints to Ofcom.[215][216]

Public image

Lopez's image is often compared to that of film star Elizabeth Taylor, due to her failed relationships.

Andrew Barker of Variety observes that Lopez's image is constantly evolving, opining that she exhibits "a plethora of contradictions" as a pop star. Barker wrote, "Despite a carefully cultivated image as an imperious pop empress in ludicrously expensive outfits, her signature hits bear the titles "I’m Real" and "Jenny From the Block". She managed the perilous transition from actress to music star without ever seeming to pick either as a primary gig. She established herself as an oft-provocative sex symbol while her demeanor made it abundantly clear that she’s not asking you to come hither."[217] While a dominant cultural icon, Lopez is also noted by Lynette Holloway of The New York Times to be subject to overexposure. She wrote: "Forgive yourself if you are seeing Jennifer Lopez in your sleep. She is everywhere." Holloway noted her image to be "a dash of ghetto fabulousness" and "middle-class respectability" for mass appeal.[218] A pop icon, Lopez is considered "pop royalty" and triple threat.[219][220][221] Television presenter Ray Martin describes Lopez as a "showbiz phenomenon".[222] Lopez has developed an image as a sex symbol and "one of the most desirable women on the planet".[223] Despite this, Lopez practices Krav Maga and has been trained at the level of a professional boxer.[224] She is famed by the media for her curvaceous figure.[225]

Lopez has been widely recognized for her sex appeal, allowing women with curvaceous figures to be accepted.[226] Details magazine named her the "Sexiest Woman of the Year" in 1998,[227] and she led FHM '​s "100 Sexiest Woman" list twice.[228] In 2011, she was named the "The Most Beautiful Woman" by People.[229] In 2012, Complex placed Lopez second on their list of "100 Hottest Female Singers of All Time", writing: "Lopez has dominated the entertainment industry and become the archetypal sexy singer."[230] The following year, VH1 ranked her the fourth on their list of "100 Sexiest Artists",[231] while Vibe magazine named her the most "lustable" celebrity of the past twenty years.[232] Lopez is known for her fashion sense, and has changed her personal appearance multiple times, scoring several different looks over the duration of her career.[233] Her style is described by Billboard '​s Lauren Savage as scantily clad.[224] However, Lopez has been criticized by the animal rights organization PETA for inclusion of fur in her fashion lines and outfits.[234] She has also received bad publicity over rumors that she is a demanding diva[235][236][237] though constantly denies this.[220] Lopez has also admitted to having a "less-than-perfect" public image, attributing this to aggressive roles which she played in the films Angel Eyes and Out of Sight.[238] The media often draw comparisons between Lopez and actress Elizabeth Taylor, due to her numerous failed relationships.[239][240] In fact, Lopez has been dubbed a "modern-day Liz Taylor" by the media.[241] Lynn Hirschberg of W notes her image to contain "razzle-dazzle", and compared her public persona to that of Taylor.[242]

Legacy and cultural influence

Regarded as the most influential Hispanic performer in the United States, Lopez has often been credited with breaking racial barriers in the entertainment industry.[15] The Record newspaper stated that she was responsible for the introduction of Latin presence in the film industry.[243] In Icons of American Popular Culture: From P.T. Barnum to Jennifer Lopez (2009), author Robert C. Cotrell describes Lopez as the Hispanic version of Oprah Winfrey, stating that she is the embodiment of the American dream, "Boasting a far more authentic rags-to-riches tale" as a "multidimensional artist who had turned into a financial powerhouse".[7] In 2012, Forbes opined that Lopez "may be the most powerful entertainer on the planet".[244] Her critically acclaimed performance in the film Selena profoundly effected younger Latin performers, with Lopez emerging as "one of the first in a generation of women in entertainment to create a veritable empire".[245] Lopez is the highest-paid actress of Latin descent, while also regarded as the wealthiest actress in Hollywood.[246] Writer Priscilla Peña Ovalle wrote that Lopez "has arguably become the century's most successful Latina".[204] Miriam Jiménez Román stated in The Afro-Latin Reader: History and Culture in the United States (2009) that "[she] was able to traverse the difficult racial boundaries".[247] As a result of launching a career in music, Lopez's influence over the Latin public grew; she played a part in the "Latin explosion" that was occurring in entertainment at the time.[248] Around this time, the emphasis on Lopez's curvaceous figure grew; scholar Sean Redmond wrote in Stardom and Celebrity (2007) that this was a sign of her role and social power in the cultural changes occurring in the United States.[249] The Daily Herald described Lopez as "crossover royalty".[250] In February 2007, People en Español named her the most influential Hispanic.[251]

VH1 ranked Lopez at number 15 on a list of "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons",[252] number 16 on "100 Greatest Women In Music",[253] and number 21 on "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era".[254] She has sold over 55 million records worldwide.[5][6] Her album J to tha L-O! The Remixes was acknowledged by the Guinness World Records as the first number one remix album in the United States.[255] In 2010, Lopez was honored by the World Music Awards with the Legend Award for her contribution to the arts.[256] Lopez's musical comeback the following year with her single "On the Floor"—one of the best-selling singles of all time, and its music video the most-watched female music video in history—is regarded as one of the greatest comebacks in history.[257] Lopez remains the only entertainer to have a number one album and film simultaneously in the United States.[258] In 2013, Lopez was presented with the prestigious landmark 2,500th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her musical contributions, with the Los Angeles Times declaring, "It's hard to think of a more emblematic figure of multitasking modern celebrity."[259]

Famed for her distinctive fashion style, Us Weekly named Lopez "Style Icon" of the 2000s decade.[260] The Green Versace "Jungle Dress" that she wore at the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards in 2000 was voted the fifth most iconic dress of all time in a poll run by The Daily Telegraph.[261] Lopez's style has influenced a range of celebrities.[262][263][264] Her record-breaking fragrance line has become the most successful celebrity line in the world, with sales exceeding $2 billion.[265] Lopez has been credited as an idol or influence by a range of entertainers, including Jessica Alba,[266] Kat DeLuna,[267] Kerry Washington,[268] Becky G,[269] Britney Spears,[270] Q’orianka Kilcher,[271] Selena Gomez,[272] Beyoncé Knowles,[273] Raquel Castro,[274] Karen Rodriguez,[275] Layla El,[276] Mike Doughty,[277] Stooshe,[278] Naya Rivera,[279] and Pitbull.[280]

Personal life

Anthony and Lopez, 2006

Lopez's personal life has attracted widespread media attention.[281] From February 22, 1997 to January 1998, she was married to Cuban waiter Ojani Noa.[282] Since their brief marriage, Lopez has endured legal troubles regarding Noa. She sued to prevent him from publishing a book about their marriage in April 2006, contending that it violated their confidentiality agreement.[283] The following year, a court-appointed arbitrator issued a permanent injunction forbidding Noa from "criticizing, denigrating, casting in a negative light or otherwise disparaging" Lopez. She was awarded $545,000 in compensatory damages and Noa was ordered to hand over all copies of materials related to the book to Lopez or her attorney.[284] A lawsuit regarding a compromising private honeymoon video in Noa's possession is presently running.[285]

While working on her first album On the 6, Lopez began dating record producer and rapper Sean Combs. On December 27, 1999, the couple were arrested along with two others in connection with a shooting outside the Times Square Club in New York. They were charged with criminal possession of a weapon as well as stolen property. Lopez was soon exonerated, having had nothing to do with the crime.[286] However, Combs was charged and indicted by a Manhattan grand jury.[287] After leaving Combs, Lopez developed a relationship with former back-up dancer Cris Judd, whom she was married to from September 29, 2001 to June 2002.[288] Following her second divorce, she commenced a high-profile relationship with actor and director Ben Affleck, whom she became engaged to in November 2002.[289][290] The media began to refer to them as "Bennifer" and they became a prominent supercouple in the media and popular culture. Bennifer became a popular term, which was eventually entered into urban dictionaries and neologism dictionaries as notable,[291] as the name blend started the trend of other celebrity couples being referred to by the combination of their first names.[292] The couple postponed their nuptials indefinitely a day prior to the planned ceremony in September 2003, citing the media's interference with the event as the reason.[293]

Following her break-up with Affleck in January 2004, Lopez began dating long-time friend Marc Anthony (born as Marco Antonio Muñiz). The couple wed that June,[294][295] and lived in Brookville, New York.[296] Two men attempted to ransom a private wedding video which was stolen from the couple for one million dollars; however they were arraigned in Manhattan Criminal Court on charges of conspiracy, attempted grand larceny and possession of stolen property.[297] On November 7, 2007, during the final night of their co-headlining tour, Lopez and Anthony officially confirmed that they were expecting their first child.[298] The announcement ended months of speculation over the pregnancy.[299] Her father confirmed that the couple were expecting twins, revealing that it runs in the family: "My sister also had twins, so it's a hereditary thing".[300]

Lopez gave birth to a son, Maximilian David and a daughter, Emme Maribel, in Long Island, New York on February 22, 2008.[301][302] The twins were introduced in the March 11, 2008 issue of People, for which the magazine paid a reported $6 million — the photographs of the twins became the most expensive celebrity picture ever taken at the time.[303] Three years later in July 2011, the couple announced their split, with Anthony filing for divorce in April 2012.[304] The divorce was finalized in June 2014.[305] From October 2011 to June 2014, Lopez dated her former back-up dancer Casper Smart.[306]

Lopez has stated, "I am a non-traditional family. Me being a single mom, their dad doesn't live at home with them. They have three stepbrothers (sic)^ from two other mothers... that’s not traditional".[307]

List of works

For a full chronology of Lopez's film and video work, see Jennifer Lopez filmography and Jennifer Lopez videography.
For a full chronology of Lopez's music work, see Jennifer Lopez discography and List of songs recorded by Jennifer Lopez.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jennifer Lopez on dating, her split with Marc Anthony and 'First Love'". LA Times. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Net Worth". Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Zach (June 18, 2014). "Jennifer Lopez and Marc Anthony Are Officially Divorced, Nearly 3 Years After Split". E!. Retrieved 16 August 2014. She also filed paperwork to have her legal name be changed from Jennifer Muniz (Anthony's real surname) back to Jennifer Lopez. 
  4. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Requests Name Change In Divorce Documents". Huffingtonpost.com. 2014-01-25. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  5. ^ a b "Jennifer Lopez gyrates in new video for "I'm Into You" - Music - Arts and Entertainment". The Independent. 2011-05-03. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  6. ^ a b "MusicNews | Jennifer Lopez to play first ever Irish show in October". entertainment.ie. 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  7. ^ a b Icons of American Popular Culture: From P.T. Barnum to Jennifer Lopez – Robert C. Cottrell. Google Books. September 1, 2009. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-7656-2299-0. Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  8. ^ Women's Life. "J Lo I Luh Ya Papi 'sexism' video: Are we finally entering the post-twerk era?". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  9. ^ Cantor-Navas, Judy (January 23, 2014). "Pitbull's 'We Are One (Ole, Ola)' Featuring Jennifer Lopez, Claudia Leitte Named FIFA'S Official World Cup Song". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Duty Captain's Report". Court TV. Time Warner. January 17, 2001. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2006. 
  11. ^ "Mamás y Mamacitas – Música". Terra Networks. May 11, 2007. Retrieved May 24, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Gallick 2003
  13. ^ a b "The Triple Threat: Jennifer Lopez is Born". Evan Carmichael. Retrieved March 23, 2012. 
  14. ^ Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2004
  15. ^ a b Parish, James-Robert (November 30, 2005). Jennifer Lopez: Actor and Singer. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8160-5832-7. 
  16. ^ Mannikka, Eleanor. "My Little Girl – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  17. ^ Perricon, Kathleen (May 10, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez dances with New Kids on the Block in 1991 video clip". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  18. ^ Morales, Ed (May 30, 1999). "It's Not La Vida Loca to Her". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Living Single". Vibe (InterMedia Partners): 100. May 2001. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  20. ^ Brennan, Sandra. "Lost in the Wild – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  21. ^ "All Pop – Artists". Canoe.ca. Québecor Média. May 14, 2001. Retrieved July 13, 2012. [dead link]
  22. ^ Scott, Tony (December 5, 1993). "Variety Reviews – Second Chances – Film Reviews". Variety (Reed Business Information). 
  23. ^ Tucker, Ken (August 5, 1994). "Hotel Malibu Review". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  24. ^ a b Tobey, Matthew. "My Family – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  25. ^ "My Family (1995)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. 
  26. ^ "Money Train". Flixster. Retrieved November 29, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Money Train – Box Office Data, Movie News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  28. ^ Fountain, Clarke. "Jack – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Jack (1996)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Jack". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  31. ^ Brennan, Sandra. "Blood and Wine – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Blood and Wine – Box Office Data, Movie News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Blood and Wine". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved November 29, 2011. 
  34. ^ Deming, Mark. "Selena – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  35. ^ Associated Press (June 14, 1996). "Lopez gets Selena role". Dallas News (A. H. Belo Corporation). 
  36. ^ "Selena – Box Office Data, News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  37. ^ Kenneth Turan (October 10, 1995). "In the Authorized 'Selena,' She's Seen in the Best Light". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  38. ^ Mendible, M. (2007). "From bananas to buttocks: the Latina body in popular film and culture". Austin: University of Texas Press. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  39. ^ "On the Down Lo". Billboard. 119 (5) (Nielsen Business Media). February 3, 2007. p. 27. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  40. ^ Deming, Mark. "Anaconda – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Anaconda – Box Office Data, News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  42. ^ "U Turn". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  43. ^ Stewart, Bhob. "Out of Sight – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  44. ^ Kehr, Dave (June 26, 1998). "Clooney & Lopez Are Lovable At First 'Sight' George Plays A Bank Robber Who Steals Jennifer's Heart". The New York Daily News (New York: Mortimer Zuckerman). Archived from the original on July 1, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Out of Sight – Box Office Data, Movie News, Cast Information". The Numbers. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  46. ^ Stewart, Bhob. "Antz – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Antz (1998)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Readies First Album". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). April 15, 1999. 
  49. ^ Brian McCollum (January 30, 2001). "Jennifer Lopez release proves to be a good Latin-soul album". Rome News-Tribune (News Publishing Company). Retrieved January 15, 2010. 
  50. ^ a b Billboard Magazine Vol. 111, No. 24. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. June 12, 1999. p. 90. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  51. ^ Stacy Deanne, Kelly Kenyatta, Natasha Lowery, Kwynn Sanders (June 1, 2005). Alicia Keys, Ashanti, Beyoncé, Destiny's Child, Jennifer Lopez & Mya: Divas of the New Millennium. Amber Books Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 9780974977966. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  52. ^ a b Marquez, Herón (January 1, 2001). Latin Sensations. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 47. ISBN 9780822549932. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  53. ^ Stack, Tim (November 23, 2009). "Jennifer Lopez: 'Waiting for Tonight' was awesome...but it might be time to stop singing". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Puff Daddy out on bail". BBC News. December 28, 1999. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  55. ^ Barrera, Magdalena (2002). "Hottentot 2000: Jennifer Lopez and Her Butt". In Phillips, Kim M.; Reay, Barry. Sexualities in history: a reader. Routledge. p. 407. ISBN 9780415929356. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  56. ^ Lee, Michelle (February 11, 2003). Fashion victim: our love-hate relationship with dressing, shopping, and the cost of style. Broadway Books. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-7679-1048-4. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  57. ^ Chambers, Rachel (February 23, 2001). "J.Lo Helps Put Donatella—and Herself—on the Fashion Map in That Green Dress". On This Day in Fashion. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  58. ^ Deming, Mark. "The Cell – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  59. ^ "The Cell (2000)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  60. ^ "The Cell". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  61. ^ a b c Deanne, Stacy; Kenyatta, Kelly; Lowery, Natasha; Sanders, Kwynn (2005). Divas of the new Millennium. p. 108. ISBN 9780974977966. 
  62. ^ "Lopez Bows At No. 1; O-Town, Dream Debut High5". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. January 2001. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  63. ^ Josh Tyrangiel (August 13, 2005). "Jennifer Lopez". Time. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2007. 
  64. ^ "Lopez is simply out of sight in 'Angel Eyes'". The Detroit News (MediaNews Group). May 18, 2001. 
  65. ^ Reid, Shaheem (August 29, 2001). "Ja Rule Helps J. Lo Deliver Hot Crossover Joints – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  66. ^ "LL Cool J : LL Cool J, U2's Edge, More Join 'What's Going On' Project – Rhapsody Music Downloads". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved March 23, 2012. 
  67. ^ J Stone, Stephanie (May 27, 2011). "Complete list of 'El Ultimo Adios' artists". Discogs. Retrieved February 17, 2010. 
  68. ^ The Billboard Book of Number One Hits: Updated and Expanded 5Th Edition – Fred Bronson – Google Boeken. Google Books. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  69. ^ Lopez, Jennifer. "J to Tha L-O!: The Remixes". AllMusic. Allrovi Corporation. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  70. ^ Goodman, Abbey (February 13, 2002). "Jennifer Lopez Kicks The Boys to the Curb On Next Week's Albums Chart Singer's remix album knocks Alan Jackson, Creed from top of Billboard 200". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  71. ^ a b Trust, Gary (October 1, 2010). "Ask Billboard: Analyzing 'American Idol'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  72. ^ "Enough (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  73. ^ Schaefer, Stephen (May 19, 2002). "Movies: Singer-actress Jennifer Lopez shows her strength in thriller `Enough'". Boston Herald (Boston: Herald Media, Inc.). 
  74. ^ Singh, Anita (October 7, 2008). "Jennifer Lopez: I had a nervous breakdown". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  75. ^ Jones, Geoffrey (February 25, 2010). Beauty Imagined:A History of the Global Beauty Industry. Oxford University Press. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  76. ^ "J-Lo disc declares her love". The Age (Melbourne: Fairfax Media). November 27, 2002. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  77. ^ Gary Susman (December 9, 2002). "Keeping It Reel". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  78. ^ "Maid in Manhattan". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  79. ^ A.O. Scott (December 13, 2002). "Film Review; Puttin' Down Mop, Puttin' On the Ritz". The New York Times. (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  80. ^ "Gigli (2003)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Gigli". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  82. ^ Taylor, Charles (July 30, 2003). ""Gligli" Jennifer Lopez". Salon. Salon Media Group. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  83. ^ Julie Gordon and Steven Snyder (August 3, 2003). "Reviews are sour, but 'Gigli' fans like the eye candy". USA Today (Gannett Company, Inc.). Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  84. ^ "Marketing ‘Jersey Girl’ in a post-‘Gigli’ world". MSNBC. March 29, 2004. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  85. ^ "Jersey Girl (2004)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  86. ^ "Jersey Girl". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Shall We Dance (2004)". Box Office Mojo. February 24, 2005. Retrieved October 7, 2009. 
  88. ^ "Shall We Dance". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  89. ^ "Jennifer Lopez – Lopez's Cancer Hero Dies – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. January 11, 2005. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  90. ^ Rebirth (Booklet). Jennifer Lopez. New York City: Epic Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment. 2005. 
  91. ^ Goodman, Abbey (March 3, 2005). "Jennifer Lopez Calls Rebirth 'A New Beginning' – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2012. 
  92. ^ "‘Rebirth’ at its best on dance floor". MSNBC. February 3, 2005. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  93. ^ Lumenick, Lou (March 13, 2005). "So Fonda The Fight". New York Post (News Corporation). p. 48. 
  94. ^ Lowe, Kinsey R. (May 16, 2005). "'Monster-in-Law' gets a cheery reception; The comedy with Jane Fonda and Jennifer Lopez debuts at No.1 on another weekend off the pace set in 2004.". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California: Tribune Company). Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  95. ^ "Monster-in-Law (2005)". Box Office Mojo. 
  96. ^ "Monster-in-Law". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. June 23, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  97. ^ "An Unfinished Life (2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  98. ^ Summers, Chris (September 10, 2006). "Hollywood tackles Mexican mystery". BBC News. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  99. ^ "Bordertown". Box Office Mojo. July 8, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  100. ^ "N.M.'s 'Bordertown' hits snag with loans". Albuquerque Tribune. Abqtrib.com. October 19, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  101. ^ "Dancelife | Full Episodes, Photos, Episode Synopsis and Recaps". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  102. ^ "Jennifer Lopez – Rebirth – Album Review". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  103. ^ "Jennifer Lopez – J.Lo To Prove Critics Wrong With Spanish Album". Contactmusic.com. January 30, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  104. ^ "Jennifer Lopez's First Spanish-Language Album is an Instant No. 1 on the Billboard Latin Chart". New York: PRWeb. Vocus. April 6, 2007. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  105. ^ a b Scott, A. O. (August 3, 2007). "When the Salsa Throbs, a Singer’s Soul Is Revealed". NYTimes.com. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  106. ^ a b Eisinger, Amy (January 6, 2010). "Jennifer Lopez: I deserved an Oscar nomination for my role in 'El Cantante'". nydailynews.com. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  107. ^ Cobo, Leila (June 7, 2008). "Together Again". Billboard (New York City, New York: Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 120 (23): 10. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 
  108. ^ Kilgore, Kym (August 13, 2007). "Jennifer Lopez to drop 'Brave' new album". LiveDaily. Archived from the original on May 28, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2010. 
  109. ^ a b Copsey, Robert (May 4, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez: 'Love?'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  110. ^ Gatecrasher (February 23, 2010). "After 'Louboutins', 'Fresh Out of the Oven' flop, Epic Records gives Jennifer Lopez the boot: source". nydailynews.com. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  111. ^ Concepcion, Mariel; Ben-Yehuda, Ayala; Caulfield, Kieth (February 23, 2010). "Updated: Jennifer Lopez Confirms Split With Epic Records". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  112. ^ Sarah (June 16, 2010). "Record Producer Spills Justin Bieber, Katy Perry and J.Lo's Studio Secrets". Us Weekly. Wenner Media. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  113. ^ Gatecrasher (February 24, 2010). "After 'Louboutins', 'Fresh Out of the Oven' flop, Epic Records gives Jennifer Lopez the boot". Daily News (Mortimer Zuckerman). Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  114. ^ Buchanan, Jason. "The Back-up Plan – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  115. ^ "The Back-up Plan (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 27, 2011. 
  116. ^ "The Back-up Plan". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  117. ^ "Source: Jennifer Lopez to Be an American Idol Judge – Celebrity News". Us Weekly. Wenner Media. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  118. ^ Hutchinson, Bill (July 30, 2010). "Ellen DeGeneres leaves 'American Idol'; Jennifer Lopez reportedly close to replacing her". Daily News (New York: Mortimer Zuckerman). 
  119. ^ "Show Tracker". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). July 30, 2010. 
  120. ^ "US TV – News – Lopez, Anthony linked to US 'X Factor'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. May 13, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  121. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: A reality TV revival?". CNN. September 23, 2010. 
  122. ^ @ 3:07 pm (June 7, 2010). "Jennifer Lopez Launches Love and Glamour". InStyle. Time Inc. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  123. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Named L'Oreal Paris Global Ambassador". Real Style Network. December 3, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  124. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Is The New Venus Global Ambassador". Real Style Network. February 3, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  125. ^ "IFPI digital music report 2012 – key facts and figures". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  126. ^ Caulfield, Keith (May 11, 2011). "Beastie Boys Score No. 2 Debut on Billboard 200, Adele Holds at No. 1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  127. ^ "Jennifer Lopez HSN – Love & Light". InStyle. Time Inc. July 7, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  128. ^ "Jennifer Lopez – Jennifer Lopez's Fashion Line To Go Ahead". Contactmusic.com. July 19, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  129. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Previews Her Kohl's Collection". Style News. August 12, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  130. ^ Lienert, Anita (September 13, 2011). "Fiat and Jennifer Lopez Hook Up". Insideline. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  131. ^ Hannah Elliott (April 18, 2012). "The Real American Idol: How J.Lo Got Her Mojo Back". Forbes (Forbes Publishing). Retrieved May 24, 2012. 
  132. ^ Sheridan, Emily (January 31, 2012). "'Sometimes you don't agree and I say be quiet': Jennifer Lopez admits it can be difficult working with estranged husband Marc Anthony". Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  133. ^ "Jennifer Lopez and Marc Anthony's 'Q'Viva: The Chosen': First Broadcast Partners Announced". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). October 19, 2011. 
  134. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (June 24, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez signs on for 'What to Expect When You're Expecting'". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  135. ^ "What to Expect When You're Expecting (2012)". Box Office Mojo. May 27, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  136. ^ "What to Expect When You're Expecting". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  137. ^ Manetti, Michelle (February 10, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez Launches 'Glowing' Perfume With Naked Ad, Light-Up Bottle (Photos)". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  138. ^ "My Diary". Jennifer Lopez Website. May 3, 2012. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2012. 
  139. ^ Andrea Huspeni (July 12, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez to Launch Teeology". Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  140. ^ Wheeler, Jeremy. "Ice Age: Continental Drift 3D – Cast, Reviews, Summary, and Awards". AllRovi. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  141. ^ "Ice Age movie tops box office with $46 million opening weekend...but Batman is lurking to snatch the title". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers, Ltd.). Associated Press. July 15, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  142. ^ "Ice Age: Continental Drift (2012)". Box Office Mojo. July 13, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  143. ^ "Jennifer Lopez to release 'Dance Again: The Hits' next month?". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. June 19, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  144. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Talks About Her New Single "Goin' In"". 925maxima Radio. May 28, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  145. ^ Murray, Michael (March 30, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez Talks 'Dance Again' & Her Upcoming 'Greatest Hits' Album". Ryan Seacrest Productions. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  146. ^ Gayles, Contessa (December 6, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez, Divorce: Real Reason Singer Went on World Tour?". AOL Music Blog. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  147. ^ "Latest Music News, Band, Artist, Musician & Music Video News". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. August 6, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  148. ^ Hooda, Samreen (September 13, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez Partnering With NuvoTV, Takes Equity Stake In Cable Network". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  149. ^ Steinberg, Brian (September 12, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez to Take Minority Stake in Cable's Nuvo TV". Advertising Age. Crain Communications Inc. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  150. ^ Moody, Nekesa (December 17, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez on Holiday Charity Drive and Jenni Rivera: 'It's a Wake-Up Call'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  151. ^ "Hackford's 'Parker' packs a big punch". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. January 28, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  152. ^ "Parker-Box Office Data". The Numbers. Retrieved May 6, 2013. 
  153. ^ Christie D'Zurilla (February 11, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez vs. Angelina Jolie: Which leg do you love?". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  154. ^ Cheng, Roger (May 23, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez dishes on new Viva Movil shopping (Q&A)". Cnet Reviews. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  155. ^ a b "Jennifer Lopez Wants Latinos To Realize Their Power". Fox News Latino. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  156. ^ Debbie Emery (June 14, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez makes a strong political stance in a power suit and spiked stilettos when she takes on Washington DC". Daily News (Associated Newspapers, Ltd.). Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  157. ^ Posted: April 24, 2013 4:53 pm EDT (April 24, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez's Lesbian Aunt: Star Says 'The Fosters' TV Show Inspired By Late Relative". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  158. ^ Bibel, Sara (June 11, 2013). "Monday Cable Ratings: ‘Love & Hip Hop’ Wins Night, ‘WWE Raw’, ‘Teen Wolf’, ‘Major Crimes’ , ‘Switched at Birth’, ‘Longmire’ & More – Ratings". The Numbers. Tribune Media Services. 
  159. ^ "HRC to Honor Jennifer Lopez with Ally for Equality Award at 2013 National Dinner". HRC Blog. Human Rights Campaign. September 20, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  160. ^ a b "Jennifer Lopez apologizes for Turkmenistan performance". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). June 30, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  161. ^ "J. Lo comes under attack after singing for leader of Turkmenistan". Twitchy.com. June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  162. ^ "Lopez to earn USD 17.5 million for American Idol return". Business Standard. Business Standard Ltd. September 1, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  163. ^ "Lopez didn't expect new album so soon". Yahoo! News. Yahoo! Inc. June 11, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  164. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Signs With RedOne's 2101 Records". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  165. ^ Corner, Lewis (March 6, 2014). "Jennifer Lopez premieres new single 'I Luh Ya Papi' – listen". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  166. ^ "Today on YouTube: Fifa release official World Cup song 'We Are One (Ole Ola)'. Does it get your vote?". The Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group Limited). April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  167. ^ Bahr, Lindsey (September 6, 2013). "Casting Net". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  168. ^ Seidman, Robert (January 27, 2014). "Viola Davis & Jennifer Lopez To Star In Indie Film 'Lila and Eve' Produced By Lifetime Films & A+E Studios". Zap2it. Tribune Media Services. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  169. ^ Dickey, Josh (October 3, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez, Steve Martin Board DreamWorks Animation’s ‘Home’ (Exclusive)". The Wrap News Inc. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  170. ^ "NBC Orders Cop Drama Starring Jennifer Lopez to Series". Variety.com. 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  171. ^ Nagi, Ariel (June 9, 2014). "J.Lo Plans to Make Another Spanish Album Next Year". Cosmopolitan. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  172. ^ Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin Beat: The Rhythms And Roots Of Latin Music From Bossa Nova To Salsa And Beyond. Da Capo Press. p. 163. ISBN 078673020X. 
  173. ^ Woog 2008
  174. ^ Dinh, James (May 3, 2011). "J.Lo Contemplates 'Love' (And Love?) Through The Years". MTV Newsroom. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  175. ^ Morales, Ed (March 30, 1999). "It's Not La Vida Loca to Her". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  176. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: On The 6 : DVD Talk Review of the Audio". DVD Talk. Internet Brands, Inc. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  177. ^ "J.Lo: The Rock And The Block". MTV Networks. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  178. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Brave – Jennifer Lopez". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  179. ^ Cinquemani, Sal (February 11, 2001). "Jennifer Lopez: J.Lo". Slant Magazine. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  180. ^ "J.Lo". Allmusic. Alrovi corporation. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  181. ^ Reed, James (March 27, 2007). "Jennifer Lopez goes unabashedly romantic with 'Como Ama una Mujer'". The Boston Globe (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  182. ^ "MTV Jennifer Lopez News Feature". MTV Networks. 1999. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  183. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: Rebirth (Album Review)". Yahoo! Voices. March 1, 2005. Retrieved April 29, 2012. [dead link]
  184. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: This Is Me...Then | Music Review". Slant Magazine. November 20, 2002. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  185. ^ Alexis Petridis (February 18, 2005). "CD: Jennifer Lopez, Rebirth | Culture". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved April 29, 2012. 
  186. ^ Markovitz, Adam (April 27, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez – Love? (album review)". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  187. ^ By Department Thursday, October 18, 2007 (October 18, 2007). "10 Questions for Jennifer Lopez". Time (Time Inc.). Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  188. ^ Miller, Prairie. "NY Rock Interview with Jennifer Lopez". NY Rock. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  189. ^ "Jennifer Lopez 'graduated' as a singer while singing for hubby". Indian Express. 
  190. ^ "Jennifer Lopez – Rebirth – Album Review". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  191. ^ "Jennifer Lopez finds her voice on new album". Rap-Up. SpinMedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  192. ^ Henderling, Lisa (December 2007). "Revolutions". Vibe (Vibe Media Group) 15 (12): 107. ISSN 1070-4701. 
  193. ^ Sheffield, Rob (July 8, 1999). "On the 6 | Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  194. ^ Browne, David (June 4, 1999). "On the 6 (1999)". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  195. ^ Considine, J.D. (June 3, 1999). "Actress Jennifer Lopez can sing, but it isn't enough". The Baltimore Sun (Tribune Company). ISSN 1930-8965. 
  196. ^ "‘Rebirth’ at its best on dance floor – today > entertainment — Music — TODAY.com". NBC News. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  197. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (March 3, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez's 'On The Floor' Video Creates 'Dance Buzz' – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  198. ^ Boccard, Sophia (January 28, 2008). "Jennifer Lopez Interview for Shall We Dance?". The Cinema Source. TCS Entertainment Network. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  199. ^ Rajakumar, Mohanalakshmi (2012). The American Dancefloor: Hip Hop Dance (Illustrated ed.). Abc-Clio. pp. 78, 79. ISBN 0313378452. 
  200. ^ "Asia Pacific". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 111 (32). August 7, 1999. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  201. ^ Costanza, Ashley Justine (April 9, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez's 'Dance Again' Video Stirs Controversy: Her Five Trashiest Videos". International Business Times. IBT Media Inc. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  202. ^ "Director hopes audience will find 'Dance'". The New Tribune (Tacoma, Washington: The McClatchy Company). October 16, 2004. 
  203. ^ Jane Delano Brown, Jeanne R. Steele, Kim Walsh-Childers (2002). Sexual Teens, Sexual Media: Investigating Mediás Influence on Adolescent Sexuality. Routledge. p. 260. ISBN 0805834907. 
  204. ^ a b Peña Ovalle, Priscilla (2011). Dance and the Hollywood Latina: Race, Sex, and Stardom. Rutgers University Press. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0813548802. 
  205. ^ Patterson, Troy (December 19, 2000). "Rock Frock". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  206. ^ Potuoglu-Cook, Oyku (2008). Night Shifts: Moral, Economic, and Cultural Politics of Turkish Belly Dance. ProQuest. p. 167. ISBN 0549541306. 
  207. ^ Gruttadaro, Andrew (May 27, 2013). "Selena Gomez’s Sexy Performances & More Hot Hollywood Stage Sirens". HollywoodLife. PMC. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  208. ^ Solomons, Tarryn (November 22, 2011). "In your face Marc". IOL Tonight. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  209. ^ "John Legend + Questo Ridicule Jennifer Lopez Over ‘Shameless’ Fiat Plug". Popcrush. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  210. ^ Amelia Proud (October 8, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez Cuts a Devastatingly Curvy Silhouette in Sheer Rhinestone-encrusted Bodysuit". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers, Ltd. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  211. ^ Anderson, Christina (November 21, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez' Bodysuit At The 2011 American Music Awards (Photos)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  212. ^ "Lip syncing takes the fun out of seeing an artist live". Contra Costa Times (MediaNews Group). June 21, 2002. 
  213. ^ Fuller, Bonnie (December 5, 2012). "Jennifer Lopez ‘Dance Again’ Tour — Why She Had to Divorce Marc Anthony". Hollywood Life. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  214. ^ Concepcion, Pocholo (November 27, 2012). "JLo enchants capacity crowd at MOA Arena concert". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inc. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  215. ^ Flint, Hanna; Saunders, Louise (May 29, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez's raunchy Britain's Got Talent performance blasted as 'inappropriate' by viewers". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers, Ltd. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  216. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: 'Britain's Got Talent producers said to wear outfit'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  217. ^ Barker, Andrew (June 20, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez Receives Star for Music on Hollywood Walk of Fame". Variety (Penske Business Media). Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  218. ^ Holloway, Lynette (December 9, 2002). "Keeping J. Lo in Spotlight Has Risks for Her Career As Well as Rich Rewards". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  219. ^ "The Biggest Latin Vibe Sweeping America Is Up for Sale?". PRWeb. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  220. ^ a b "'I started going grey at 23,' admits Jennifer Lopez as she is crowned World's Most Beautiful Woman". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd). April 14, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  221. ^ "Entertainment | Picture Gallery: VH-1 Vogue fashion awards". BBC News. December 6, 1999. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  222. ^ Martin, Ray (October 11, 2007). "J-Lo". Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  223. ^ "Jennifer Lopez divorce: Controlling Marc Anthony 'hated J-Lo being a sex symbol' | Mail Online". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers, Ltd). July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  224. ^ a b Savage, Lauren (February 29, 2012). "J.Lo Plays Gender-Bending Boxer for V Magazine Cover". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  225. ^ Katherine Ormerod (April 30, 2012). "The Rise of the Super Bum: Kim Kardashian, Nicki Minaj & Jennifer Lopez Show How to Dress Your Booty | Grazia Fashion". Grazia. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  226. ^ Andrew Garrod, Robert Kilkenny, Christina Gómez (2007). Mi Voz, Mi Vida/ My Voice, My Life: Latino College Students Tell Their Life Stories. Cornwell University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0801473861. 
  227. ^ Halza, George Halza (November 16, 1998). "Jennifer Lopez named sexiest woman of the year". Reading Eagle. p. 5. 
  228. ^ "FHM – Jennifer Lopez". Fhm.com. Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  229. ^ Jordan, Julie (April 13, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez: Being Beautiful Is 'Part of My Job'". People. Time Inc. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  230. ^ Lauren Nostro, Julian Patterson (December 10, 2012). "The 100 Hottest female Singers of All Time". Complex. Complex Media. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  231. ^ by Bené Viera (March 5, 2013). "VH1′s 100 Sexiest Artists [Complete List] – | VH1 Tuner". VH-1. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  232. ^ "The 19 Most Lustable Celebs Since '93". Vibe. April 17, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  233. ^ Johnphy (August 29, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez: 12 Years' Beautiful Transmutation". Fashionthestyle.com. Retrieved January 10, 2012. [dead link]
  234. ^ "PETA: How Low Will J-Lo Go?". PETA.org. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  235. ^ "Demanding diva Jennifer Lopez bans domestic staff from speaking to her". Evening Standard. September 13, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  236. ^ "Jennifer Lopez's amazing list of diva demands for singing at the World Music Awards include diamon". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  237. ^ "Jennifer Lopez's diva demands lose her a job". Nova FM, Nova. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  238. ^ Saney, Daniel (February 8, 2005). "J.Lo blames films for bad public image". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  239. ^ Vibe (Vibe Media Group) 11 (7). July 2003. ISSN 1070-4701. 
  240. ^ Hampson, Katie (June 8, 2004). "Is J-Lo the new Liz Taylor?". Daily Mail ((Associated Newspapers Ltd)). Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  241. ^ "Lopez doesn't mind Liz link". The Age (The Age Company, Ltd). December 27, 2002. 
  242. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (July 9, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez: Dream Girl". W. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  243. ^ Pearlman, Cindy (August 14, 1999). "For the record; Very hot and ambitious actress Jennifer Lopez has music on her mind". The Record (Kitchener, Ontario: Torstar Corporation). ISSN 0824-5150. 
  244. ^ Casserly, Meghan (December 13, 2012). "The 10 Most Talked About Women of 2012". Forbes (Forbes Publishing). Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  245. ^ Mott, Ashley (March 2, 2010). "12 Jennifer Lopez was an Inspiration for Many Women and Girls in the Late 1990s". Yahoo! Voices. Retrieved April 11, 2013. [dead link]
  246. ^ "Top 5 Richest Actresses In Hollywood". International Business Times. June 26, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  247. ^ Miriam Jiménez Román, Juan Flores (2009). The Afro-Latin@ Reader: History and Culture in the United States. Duke Press. p. 532. ISBN 0822391317. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  248. ^ Tarradell, Mario (February 20, 2000). "Latin aftershocks Music's ethnic boom reshapes the Grammy landscape". The Dallas Morning News (A. H. Belo Corporation). 
  249. ^ Redmond 2007, pp. 282–283
  250. ^ Gaurino, Mark (August 11, 1999). "Wild percussion, guitars lead Los Lobos' fiesta Time Out Today!". Daily Herald ((Lee Enterprises)): 2. 
  251. ^ "J.Lo tops list of most influential Hispanics". Reuters. January 4, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2007. 
  252. ^ "The 200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons Complete Ranked List". PRNewswire. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  253. ^ Graham, Mark (February 13, 2012). "VH1's 100 Greatest Women In Music". VH1. Retrieved February 29, 2012. 
  254. ^ "Ep. 071 | 50 Greatest Women of the Video Era". VH1. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  255. ^ "Diaz tops actress pay list". BBC News. August 27, 2004. Retrieved April 18, 2009. 
  256. ^ Emily Sheridan (May 19, 2010). "World Music Awards: Jennifer Lopez shows her wild side in two animal-print dresses | Mail Online". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers, Ltd). Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  257. ^ Kennedy, Gerrick D. (December 13, 2011). "Jennifer Lopez named 'world's greatest musical comeback act' – seriously". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  258. ^ "Billboard 200". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 113 (6): 88. February 10, 2001. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  259. ^ Johnson, Reed (June 23, 2013). "Jennifer Lopez, new Walk of Famer, cites Fonda among role models". The Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  260. ^ "Jennifer Lopez: Us' Style Icon of the Decade". Wenner Media. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  261. ^ Urmee Khan (October 9, 2008), "Liz Hurley 'safety pin' dress voted the greatest dress", The Daily Telegraph (London), retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  262. ^ "Kelly Rowland: Style Icons". Essence. Time Inc. Retrieved May 12, 2012. 
  263. ^ Coughlan, Maggie (February 15, 2011). "Kim Kardashian Considers Jennifer Lopez a Style Icon". PopEater. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  264. ^ Harp, Justin (April 6, 2013). "Jennifer Love Hewitt: 'Jennifer Lopez's style is amazing'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  265. ^ "Jennifer Lopez and nuvoTV Announce Exclusive Creative, Production and Marketing Partnership - LOS ANGELES, Sept. 12, 2012 /PRNewswire/". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  266. ^ Tewari, Nidhi (September 18, 2014). "Jessica Alba Talks About Her Entrepreneurial Side, Says She Considers Jennifer Lopez As Her Idol". International Business Times. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  267. ^ "J.Lo's new song sounds suspiciously like one from Hispanic hottie Kat DeLuna". Daily News (New York: The New York Daily News. Mortimer Zuckerman). January 19, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  268. ^ "Kerry Washington: Lopez inspired me". The Belfast Telegraph. February 1, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  269. ^ "Becky G Talks Working With Jennifer Lopez: ‘I Still Get Goosebumps When I Watch The Video’". Accesshollywood.com. April 14, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  270. ^ "Britney Spears – Britney Spears Admires Jennifer Lopez". Contact Music. Contactmusic.com. November 30, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  271. ^ "Flashback: Q'orianka Kilcher Thanks J-Lo at the Alma Awards". Crushable. September 19, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  272. ^ "Selena Gomez Gets Racy in ‘Elle' Photoshoot". Fox News Latino. June 8, 2012. 
  273. ^ Castro, Peter. "Beyoncé's Latin Soul". People en Español. Time Inc. Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  274. ^ Castro, Raquel. "Raquel Castro | Biography". Castro Entertainment, LLC. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  275. ^ (Curran, Aimee) (March 11, 2011). I Want to Be Like Jennifer Lopez, Says Eliminee Karen. E! Online. NBCUniversal. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  276. ^ Gray, Ryan (July 6, 2009). "Layla Talks About How Michael Jackson Was Her Favorite Dancer, Winning Diva Search, More". Wrestling World. Gray Internet. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  277. ^ Letkemman, Jessica (December 7, 2011). "Mike Doughty Opens 'Book of Drugs,' Says J.Lo & Music Thieves Saved His Life". Billboard. New York: Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 26, 2012. 
  278. ^ "J-Lo trains in hair and make-up for an hour before shows, say Stooshe". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  279. ^ Cosgrove, Sheila. "Naya Rivera Hopes to Follow in Jennifer Lopez's Footsteps – Glee, Jennifer Lopez, Naya Rivera". People.com. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  280. ^ Kit, Zorianna (May 26, 2013). "Pitbull on music, Jennifer Lopez and ‘Epic’". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  281. ^ 22:34 (September 9, 2005). "J-Lo's mum approves of Redford film". TVNZ. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  282. ^ "Jennifer Lopez's ex-husband wins legal fight to release embarrassing home video | Mail Online". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers, Ltd). May 27, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  283. ^ Chris Harris (April 11, 2006). "Jennifer Lopez Sues First Husband To Block Tell-All Book". MTV News. Viacom International, Inc. Retrieved January 16, 2007. 
  284. ^ "J-Lo Wins Payout From Ex". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). August 9, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007. 
  285. ^ "Jennifer Lopez’s Ex Holding Out For More Money In Honeymoon Video Lawsuit | Fox News Latino". Fox News Latino. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  286. ^ Rosen, Craig (January 14, 2000). "Jennifer Lopez Not Down With Guns". Yahoo! Music News. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  287. ^ Rosen, Craig (January 14, 2000). "Jennifer Lopez 'Surprised And Saddened' By Puffy Indictment". Yahoo! Music News. Retrieved April 8, 2013. 
  288. ^ "Jennifer Lopez, husband Cris Judd split after 8 months of marriage". San Jose Mercury News (California: MediaNews Group). June 8, 2002. 
  289. ^ Silverman, Stephen (November 11, 2002). "Ben's Proposal 'Beautiful,' Says Lopez". People (Time Inc.). Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  290. ^ Williams, Jeanne (December 10, 2002). "J. Lo, Ben make first appearance as fiances". USA Today (Gannett Company). p. 2. 
  291. ^ "Neologisms. These are neologisms collected by an undergraduate linguistics class at Rice University during the fall of 2003". ruf.rice.edu. Retrieved June 22, 2007. 
  292. ^ "Celebrity Name Game". People (Time Inc.). November 23, 2005. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  293. ^ "Media in frenzy over postponed 'Bennifer' wedding". The Age (Los Angeles: Fairfax Media). September 13, 2003. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 
  294. ^ By Andrew Dansby (June 7, 2004). "J.Lo, Marc Anthony Marry | Music News". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  295. ^ "Wedding highlights J.Lo's true talent: getting us talking". Austin American-Statesman (Cox Enterprises). June 9, 2004. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 
  296. ^ Jennifer Lopez & Marc Anthony Own $5.75 Million Worth Of Property In New York: Who Will Get It? Retrieved 2014-09-05
  297. ^ "Lopez-Anthony wedding video leads to arrests – Entertainment – Celebrities". MSNBC. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  298. ^ "Singer Lopez confirms pregnancy". BBC News. November 8, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007. 
  299. ^ "Roberto Cavalli Confirms J.Lo's Pregnancy – Jennifer Lopez". Hollyscoop.com. Retrieved March 21, 2012. [dead link]
  300. ^ "Jennifer Lopez expecting twins". NME (Time Inc.). February 6, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  301. ^ "Jennifer Lopez & Marc Anthony Welcome Twins!". People. Time Inc. February 22, 2008. Retrieved February 22, 2008. 
  302. ^ "Jennifer Lopez & Marc Anthony Reveal Baby Names". People. Time Inc. Retrieved February 29, 2008. 
  303. ^ Rose, Lacey. "Jackson Pic Won't Make List Of Priciest Celeb Photos". Forbes (Forbes Publishing). Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  304. ^ "Jennifer Lopez Divorce — Marc Anthony Files Divorce From JLo". HollywoodLife. PMC. April 11, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  305. ^ D'Zurilla, Christie (June 18, 2014). "Jennifer Lopez, Marc Anthony finalize years-long divorce". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  306. ^ Nudd, Tim. "Jennifer Lopez and Casper Smart Split - Breakups, Casper Smart, Jennifer Lopez". People.com. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  307. ^ "Jennifer Lopez on raising kids with ex Marc Anthony: 'I am a nontraditional family'". Daily News (Mortimer Zuckerman). May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 

Bibliography

External links