Jennings Brewery was established as a family concern in 1828 in the village of Lorton, between Buttermere and Cockermouth in the Lake District, England. The brewery was started by John Jennings Snr, son of William Jennings (a maltster). Jennings brewed exclusively in Lorton until 1874 when its present home, the Castle Brewery in Cockermouth, was purchased. The Lorton brewery closed some five years later.
Jennings Brewery brew a range of ales using lakeland water drawn from the brewery's own well, malted Maris Otter barley from Norfolk and Goldings, Fuggles and Challenger hops from Kent, Herefordshire and Worcestershire. The malt used by Jennings brewery is screened and crushed rather than ground into a flour to keep the husks as whole as possible. The hops used are flaked rather than the increasingly popular hop pellets available nowadays.
In May 2005 Jennings Brewery was purchased by the national brewer, Wolverhampton & Dudley Breweries, renamed Marston's PLC in January 2007. The purchase was opposed by the Campaign for Real Ale, which feared W&DB would close the Cockermouth brewery. These fears seem to have been unfounded, however, as in June 2005 W&DB announced it would invest £250,000 to expand fermenting and cask racking capacity in Cockermouth, this work had been completed before the end of October 2008
Following the takeover by W&DB, the brewery's distribution centre in Workington was closed and its tied estate of 127 pubs absorbed by the W&DB pub company. Due to the takeover and subsequent name change, Marston's Pedigree is becoming more common in Jennings pubs.
Jennings beers are available across the North of England and are increasingly seen in W&DB pubs in the Midlands as well as being sold in free trade outlets throughout the country.
List of brewed ales
All year round ales by Jennings are:
- Cumberland Ale (4.0% abv) - Cumberland Ale (or a pint of sausage) has been brewed for over 100 years. The brewery's biggest selling ale.
- Bitter (3.5% abv) - The original beer from the Jennings brewery in Cockermouth and the brewery's biggest seller in west Cumbria.
- Sneck Lifter (5.1% abv) - Launched in 1990 as a winter beer and moved into all year round in 1995. "Sneck" is a northern word for door latch. A sneck lifter is a man's last sixpence, allowing him to lift the pub's door latch and purchase a pint, whereupon he hopes to make enough friends that they may offer to buy him further rounds.
- Cocker Hoop (4.6% abv) - Launched in 1995 as "September Ale". Cock-a-hoop is the old custom of removing the cork from a barrel and resting it on the cask before the brewer adds his winnits to the barrel. Its name was changed to Cocker Hoop as a reminder of the breweries location on the banks of the River Cocker.
- Amber Ale (3.7% abv)
- Classic Pale Ale (4.2% abv)
- Dark Mild (3.1% abv) - Due to the decline of milds this is becoming a rare find.
- Porter (4.5% abv)
- Rye Beer (4.0% abv)
- Winter Ale (4.5% abv)
- Crag Rat (4.3% abv Mar-Apr) - Launched in May 2001. Named for slang for rock climbers. Has been found available out of season.
- Golden Host (4.3% abv Mar-Apr) - named from a line in I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud by William Wordsworth, who was born in Cockermouth
- Tom Fool (4.0% abv) - Thomas Skelton of Muncaster Castle in the Lake District was known for his pranks or "Tomfoolery". Part of his will reads: "And when I’m bury’d then my friends may drink, but each man pay for his self, yt’s best I thinke!"
- Fish King (4.3% abv) - Launched in 2005 when it was brewed as a celebration of the Lake District Osprey Project.
- Red Breast (4.5% abv Oct-Jan)
- World's Biggest Liar (4.3% abv) - Jennings are sponsoring the 2008 World's Biggest Liar competition held in Searton Bridge.
- Mountain Man (4.3% abv)
- Honey Bole (4.5% abv)
- Yan T'yan Tethera (3.8% abv) - Named for the Cumbrian dialect of "One, Two, Three" (shepherds counting sheep). Label on pump has sheep imaged.
- Swan's Lake (4.2% abv Oct-Nov) - Launched in 2008 and named after the Lakeside-Bowness ferry which has been running 70 years.
- Cross Buttock (4.5% abv)
- 1828 (3.8% abv)
- Stickle Pike (3.8 abv)
- Bitter Smooth (3.5% abv) - Launched in 1996; formerly named Old Smoothy
- Cumberland Cream (4.0% abv)
Currently not in production:
- Laal Cockle Warmer (6.5%% abv) - Winter seasonal ale from 1995 after former winter ale, Sneck Lifter went to all year round. "La'al" is the Cumbrian word for little and, due to the strength of this ale, it may sometimes be drunk in half pints. Cockle Warmer was last brewed in December 2005.
- Great British Beer Festival 1999 Cocker Hoop received Best Bitter
- Drinktec 2005 International Milds, Stouts and Porters, class 2, Sneck Lifter received bronze
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2008)|
- Good Beer Guide 2006, edited by Roger Protz, Published by CAMRA Books
- Good Beer Guide 2009, edited by Roger Protz, Published by CAMRA Books
- What Ales newsletter, Spring 2009, quarterly publication featuring story on Jennings Brewery (and advertisement), published by West Cumbria branch of CAMRA.
- Cumbria Real Ale Guide, edited by Jim Chapple, second edition 2008, published by Cumbria CAMRA