Jeonji of Baekje

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jeonji of Baekje
Hangul 전지왕, 직지왕, 진지왕
Hanja , ,
Revised Romanization Jeonji-wang, Jikji-wang, Jinji-wang
McCune–Reischauer Chǒnji-wang, Chikchi-wang, Chinji-wang
Birth name
Hangul 여영
Hanja
Revised Romanization Yeo Yeong
McCune–Reischauer Yŏ Yŏng
Monarchs of Korea
Baekje
  1. Onjo 18 BCE–29 CE
  2. Daru 29–77
  3. Giru 77–128
  4. Gaeru 128–166
  5. Chogo 166–214
  6. Gusu 214–234
  7. Saban 234
  8. Goi 234–286
  9. Chaekgye 286–298
  10. Bunseo 298–304
  11. Biryu 304–344
  12. Gye 344–346
  13. Geunchogo 346–375
  14. Geungusu 375–384
  15. Chimnyu 384–385
  16. Jinsa 385–392
  17. Asin 392–405
  18. Jeonji 405–420
  19. Guisin 420–427
  20. Biyu 427–455
  21. Gaero 455–475
  22. Munju 475–477
  23. Samgeun 477–479
  24. Dongseong 479–501
  25. Muryeong 501–523
  26. Seong 523–554
  27. Wideok 554–598
  28. Hye 598–599
  29. Beop 599–600
  30. Mu 600–641
  31. Uija 641–660

Jeonji of Baekje (died 420) (r. 405–420) was the eighteenth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

As the eldest son, he was confirmed as successor to King Asin, in 394. His queen was Lady Palsu of the Hae clan.

Jeonji spent much of his youth in the Wa kingdom of Yamato Japan as hostage, going there in 397. Upon his father’s death, he returned home to find that his uncle Seollye had murdered Hunhae, Asin's other brother, and usurped the throne. Hae Chung, an inhabitant of Hanseong, warned him not to enter the capital. Shortly thereafter, Seollye was killed and Jeonji made king. Presumably out of gratitude for this, Jeonji made several members of the Hae clan ministers, as well as marrying Lady Palso of the Hae clan. This put an end to the royal family’s close ties to the Jin clan.

The traditional dates of Jeonji's rule are based on the Samguk Sagi. On the basis of more contemporaneous Chinese records, Best (1979) has suggested that the years 405–414 are more plausible.

According to the Samguk Sagi, in 406 Baekje sent a tribute mission to the Chinese court of Eastern Jin. It is the first mention of such a mission in more than twenty years, and may indicate that the country had become more secure against Goguryeo. It would have been typical to send such an embassy to inform the Chinese court that a new king had taken power. However, this visit is not confirmed by Chinese sources. In 416 Jin sent envoys to grant the title "General Stabilizing the East" to Jeonji(Yeo Yeong).

References[edit]

  • Best, J.W. (1979). "Notes and questions concerning the Samguk sagi's chronology of Paekche's kings Chonji, Guishin, and Piyu". Korean Studies 3, 125–134.

See also[edit]