Jerome Gratian

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Jerónimo Gracián

Jerónimo Gracián or Jerome Gratian (6 June 1545 – 21 September 1614) was a Spanish Carmelite and writer. He was the spiritual director of St Teresa of Ávila, who took a vow of obedience to him.[1] He was the first Provincial of the Discalced Carmelites.[2]


  1. ^ Auclair, Marcelle; Kathleen Pond (trans.) (1988). Saint Teresa of Avila (Reprint; Originally published: New York: Pantheon, 1953 ed.). Petersham, MA: St. Bede's Publications. ISBN 9780932506672.  ISBN 0932506674, OCLC 18292197 (457 pages)
  2. ^ Jerome Gratian - Catholic Encyclopedia article