Jeremiah P. Ostriker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jeremiah Paul Ostriker
Born (1937-04-13) April 13, 1937 (age 77)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Institutions Columbia University
Princeton University
University of Cambridge
Alma mater Harvard University
University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Notable awards Helen B. Warner Prize for Astronomy (1972)
National Medal of Science (2000)
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (2004)
Bruce Medal (2011)
James Craig Watson Medal (2012)

Jeremiah (Jerry) Paul Ostriker (born April 13, 1937) is an astrophysicist and a professor of astronomy at Columbia University.[1][2] He received his B.A. from Harvard, his Ph.D at the University of Chicago, and then carried out post-doctoral work at the University of Cambridge. From 1971 to 1995, Ostriker was a professor at Princeton, and served as Provost there from 1995 to 2001. From 2001 to 2003, he was appointed as Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge. He then returned to Princeton as the Charles Young Professor of Astronomy.[3] He moved to Columbia in 2012.

Ostriker has been very influential in advancing the theory that most of the mass in the universe is not visible at all, but consists of dark matter. His research has also focused on the interstellar medium, galaxy evolution, cosmology and black holes. On June 20, 2013 Ostriker was given the White House Champions of Change Award for his role in initiating the Sloan Digital Sky Survey project, which makes all of its astronomical data sets available publicly on the Internet [4]

As of December 2012, Ostriker's articles have been cited over 47,000 times and he has an h-index of 105 (105 papers with at least 105 citations) according to the NASA Astrophysics Data System.

He married noted poet and essayist Alicia Ostriker in 1959.

Recent publications[edit]

  • Heart of Darkness,Unraveling the Mysteries of the Invisible Universe Princeton University Press (2013)
  • New Light on Dark Matter, Science, 300, pp 1909–1914 (2003)
  • The Probability Distribution Function of Light in the Universe: Results from Hydrodynamic Simulations, Astrophysical Journal 597, 1 (2003)
  • Cosmic Mach Number as a Function of Overdensity and Galaxy Age, Astrophysical Journal, 553, 513 (2001)
  • Collisional Dark Matter and the Origin of Massive Black Holes, Physical Review Letters, 84, 5258-5260 (2000).
  • Hydrodynamics of Accretion onto Black Holes, Adv. Space Res., 7, 951-960 (1998).

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Powell C.S. (1994) Profile: Jeremiah and Alicia Ostriker – A Marriage of Science and Art, Scientific American 271(3), 28-31.
  3. ^ Jeremiah P. Ostriker biography
  4. ^ "FACULTY HONOR: Ostriker named White House Champion of Change". Princeton University. June 19, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.