Jeremy Barnes (born September 18, 1976) is an American musician. He was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the son of a local businessman. In 1995 he moved to Chicago to attend DePaul University but later dropped out. He joined the band Neutral Milk Hotel, which was a part of the Athens, Georgia-based Elephant 6 music collective, in January 1996. Neutral Milk Hotel disbanded in 1998 and Barnes spent time traveling in Europe and working as a postman. He also played with The Gerbils and Bablicon.
Barnes cites his initial introduction to Eastern European music as having been in 1999 while on tour. After being introduced to Bulgarian music, he lived in a predominantly Ukrainian Chicago neighborhood and developed an interest in Romanian music.
"I was kind of at a dead end in what I was listening to, and it just opened up a whole new world for me," he said in a 2011 interview with NoiseNarc. "And that was in 1999, I guess. For a while it affected me and the way it looked at my music, but I was still playing drums in bands, and it didn’t seem like something I should pursue. You go through these fads or trends as a listener, where you’re really into something for a month and then it changes. But with this music, it’s been now twelve years or more, so gradually it seeped into everything that I do."
In 2001 he formed A Hawk and a Hacksaw, in France. In 2005 he met Heather Trost, who performs with him in A Hawk and A Hacksaw. The band's recording and touring line-up over the years has included Hungarian, Romanian, and English musicians. One recent touring iteration included Samuel Johnson, trumpet, and George Rawler, doumbek. Barnes and Trost are now married.
Barnes created the label L.M. Dupli-cation to release his own recordings as well as music by other folk-related groups. Barnes has said he intends to release contemporary music as well as earlier music that is no longer available.