|Sir Jeremy Moore|
Maj General Moore (left) during the Falklands campaign
|Born||5 July 1928|
|Died||15 September 2007(aged 79)|
|Years of service||1947 – 1983|
|Commands held||42 Commando
3 Commando Brigade
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross & Bar
Major General Sir John Jeremy Moore, KCB, OBE, MC & Bar (5 July 1928 – 15 September 2007) was the commander of the British land forces during the Falklands War in 1982. Moore received the surrender of the Argentine forces on the islands.
Moore came from a military family. His father, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Moore, and paternal grandfather, who joined the York and Lancaster Regiment as a private, were both awarded the Military Cross in 1916 during World War I. His maternal grandfather was wounded at Tel el-Kebir in 1880, and later commanded the 4th Hussars.
He was educated at Brambletye School in East Grinstead and at Cheltenham College. He intended to join the Fleet Air Arm after leaving school, but was discouraged by relatively poor exam results. He joined the Royal Marines in 1947, intending to transfer, and enjoyed Royal Marine service so much that he spent the next 36 years in the Corps. After basic training, and service at sea in the cruiser HMS Sirius, he joined X Troop of 40 Commando in Malaya in November 1950, during the Emergency. He first received a major military accolade in 1952 when he was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry after he and his men fought a pitched battle with communist insurgents in the Malayan jungle.
After attending the Australian Army Staff College in 1963 to 1964, he served with the 17th Gurkha Division in Borneo in 1965, countering Indonesian insurgents, and was Assistant Secretary to the Chiefs of Staff Committee at the MOD from 1966 to 1968. He served as amphibious operations officer on HMS Bulwark in 1968 to 1969.
He later served as Housemaster of the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent in 1954, as an instructor at the NCO's School, as adjutant with 45 Commando from 1957 to 1959, spending much time in operations against EOKA in Cyprus, and then as an instructor at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst until 1962. He was posted to Brunei to join 42 Commando, as a company commander and later adjutant. While a company commander, he was awarded a Bar to the Military Cross in December 1962 when he led an attack against rebels holding the town of Limbang in the Sarawak area of Borneo, rescuing British and Australian hostages. He and his men were ferried across a river by Royal Navy Lieutenant Jeremy Black, who went on to command HMS Invincible in the Falklands War.
He led the 42 Commando on a tour of duty in the then Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) stronghold of New Lodge. On promotion to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1971, Moore was appointed in command of 42 Commando, completing two tours of duty in Northern Ireland, including participation in the high-profile Operation Motorman to eliminate areas proclaimed by the IRA as “no-go” to the Army and police. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1973.
He commanded the Royal Marines School of Music from 1973 to 1975, and then studied at the Royal College of Defence Studies in 1976. He commanded 3 Commando Brigade from 1977 until he was promoted to Major General in 1979 and took command of all Royal Marine commando forces. He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1982, and was on the verge of retirement when the Commandant General Royal Marines, Lieutenant-General Sir Steuart Pringle, was badly injured by a bomb planted by the IRA. Moore remained as Major-General Commando Forces to cover for Pringle while he recovered.
Moore was handing over to the recuperated Pringle when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1982. He joined the task force planning team at Northwood before flying south to take command of land forces in theatre. His planning post was taken by Lieutenant General Richard Trant. Moore relieved Brigadier Julian Thompson as ground commander when he arrived shortly before the 5th Infantry Brigade, travelling ahead on the HMS Antrim to reach the islands on 30 May. Moore implemented the plans proposed by Thompson, with the British soldiers forced to march across the inhospitable islands in the absence of sufficient helicopters and against Argentine resistance. He accepted the surrender of the Argentinian commander, General de Brigada Mario Menéndez, in Port Stanley on 14 June 1982.
He was promoted to Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 11 October 1982 'in recognition of service within the operations in the South Atlantic'., and left the Marines in 1983. He became Director General of the Food Manufacturers Federation, but left 18 months later. Later in life, he raised money for research into liver diseases after having a liver transplant. He was Colonel Commandant of the Royal Marines from 1990 to 1993, and joined the parade to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Falklands War at Horse Guards Parade and the Mall on 17 June 2007.
He died on 15 September 2007, aged 79, survived by his wife and three children.
- Obituary, The Times, 17 September 2007
- Obituary, The Guardian, 18 September 2007
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 18 September 2007
- Obituary, The Independent, 26 September 2007
- Falklands general, 73, back on the march. London Evening Standard, November 14, 2001.