Jeremy Irons

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Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons.jpg
Born Jeremy John Irons
(1948-09-19) 19 September 1948 (age 66)
Cowes, Isle of Wight, England
Occupation Actor
Years active 1969–present
Spouse(s)
Children 2; including Max Irons

Jeremy John Irons (born 19 September 1948)[1] is an English actor. After receiving classical training at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, Irons began his acting career on stage in 1969, and has since appeared in many London theatre productions including The Winter's Tale, Macbeth, Much Ado About Nothing, The Taming of the Shrew, Godspell, Richard II and Embers. In 1984, he made his Broadway debut in Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing and received a Tony Award for Best Actor.

Irons's first major film role came in the 1981 romantic drama The French Lieutenant's Woman, for which he received a BAFTA nomination for Best Actor. After starring in such films as Moonlighting (1982), Betrayal (1983) and The Mission (1986), he gained critical acclaim for portraying twin gynaecologists in David Cronenberg's psychological thriller Dead Ringers (1988). In 1990, Irons played accused murderer Claus von Bülow in Reversal of Fortune, and took home multiple awards including an Academy Award for Best Actor. Other notable films have included Kafka (1991), The House of the Spirits (1993), M. Butterfly (1993), The Lion King (1994), Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995), Lolita (1997), The Man in the Iron Mask (1998), The Merchant of Venice (2004), Being Julia (2004), Kingdom of Heaven (2005), Eragon (2006), Appaloosa (2008), and Margin Call (2011).

Irons has also made several notable appearances on TV. He earned his first Golden Globe Award nomination for his breakout role in the ITV series Brideshead Revisited (1981). In 2005, Irons starred opposite Helen Mirren in the historical miniseries Elizabeth I, for which he received a Golden Globe Award and an Emmy Award for Best Supporting Actor. From 2011 to 2013 he starred as Pope Alexander VI in the Showtime historical series The Borgias. He is one of the few actors who won the Triple Crown of Acting, winning an Academy Award (for film), an Emmy Award (television) and a Tony Award (for theater). In October 2011, he was nominated Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Early life[edit]

Irons was born in Cowes, Isle of Wight, the son of Barbara Anne Brereton Brymer (née Sharpe; 1914–1999), a housewife, and Paul Dugan Irons (1913–1983), an accountant.[1] His Dundee-born, paternal great-great-grandfather was a Metropolitan Policemen who was sacked for drunkenness, and later a Chartist; one of his mother's ancestors had been from County Cork, Ireland, where Irons lives as of at least February 2011.[2] Irons has a brother, Christopher (born 1943), and a sister, Felicity Anne (born 1944).

Irons was educated at the independent Sherborne School in Dorset, (c. 1962–66). He was the drummer and harmonica player (including renditions of "Stairway to Heaven" and Moon River on harmonica) in a four-man school band called the Four Pillars of Wisdom. They performed, in a classroom normally used as a physics lab, for the entertainment of boys compulsorily exiled from their houses for two hours on Sunday afternoons[clarification needed]. (Explanation: During these two hours, boys were not allowed in their halls of residence—a rule presumably meant to encourage exercise and/or discourage idleness). He was also known within Abbey House as half of a comic duo performing skits on Halloween and at end-of-term house suppers.

Acting career[edit]

Early work[edit]

Irons trained as an actor at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School and later became president of its fundraising appeal. He performed a number of plays, and busked on the streets of Bristol, before appearing on the London stage as John the Baptist and Judas opposite David Essex in Godspell, which opened at the Roundhouse on 17 November 1971 before transferring to Wyndham's Theatre playing a total of 1,128 performances.[3]

Television[edit]

He made several appearances on British television, including the children's television series Play Away and as Franz Liszt in the BBC 1974 series Notorious Woman. More significantly he starred in the 13-part adaptation of H.E. Bates' novel Love for Lydia for London Weekend Television (1977), and attracted attention for his key role as the pipe-smoking German student, a romantic pairing with Judi Dench in Harold Pinter's screenplay adaptation of Aidan Higgins' novel Langrishe, Go Down for BBC television (1978).

The role which brought him fame was that of Charles Ryder in the television adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited (1981). Brideshead reunited him with Anthony Andrews, with whom he had appeared in The Pallisers seven years earlier. In the same year he starred in the film The French Lieutenant's Woman opposite Meryl Streep.

Almost as a 'lap of honour' after these major successes, in 1982 he played the leading role of an exiled Polish building contractor, working in the Twickenham area of South West London, in Jerzy Skolimowski's independent film Moonlighting, widely seen on television, a performance which extended his acting range.

Irons in July 2006

In 2005, Irons won both an Emmy award and a Golden Globe award for his supporting role in the TV mini-series, Elizabeth I. A year later Irons was one of the participants in the third series of the BBC documentary series Who Do You Think You Are?.[4][5] In 2008 he played Lord Vetinari in Terry Pratchett's The Colour of Magic, an adaptation for Sky One.

On 6 November 2008, TV Guide reported he would star as photographer Alfred Stieglitz with Joan Allen as painter Georgia O'Keeffe, in a Lifetime Television biopic, Georgia O'Keeffe (2009).[6] Irons also appeared in the documentary for Irish television channel TG4, Faoi Lan Cheoil in which he learned to play the fiddle.

On 12 January 2011, Irons was a guest-star in an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit called "Mask". He played Dr. Cap Jackson, a sex therapist.[7] He reprised the role on an episode titled "Totem" that ran on 30 March 2011.

Irons stars in the 2011 U.S. premium cable network Showtime's series The Borgias, a highly fictionalised account of the Renaissance dynasty of that name. Irons portrays patriarch Rodrigo Borgia, better known to history as Pope Alexander VI.[8]

Film[edit]

Irons at 2011 Berlin Film Festival

Irons made his film debut in Nijinsky in 1980. He appeared sporadically in films during the 1980s, including the Cannes Palme d'Or winner The Mission in 1986, and in the dual role of twin gynecologists in David Cronenberg's Dead Ringers in 1988. Other films include Danny the Champion of the World (1989), Reversal of Fortune (1990), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, Kafka (1991), Damage (1993), M. Butterfly (1993), The House of the Spirits (1993) appearing again with Glenn Close and Meryl Streep, the voice of Scar in The Lion King (1994), Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995) co-starring Bruce Willis and Samuel L. Jackson, Bernardo Bertolucci's Stealing Beauty (1996), the 1997 remake of Lolita, and as the musketeer Aramis opposite Leonardo DiCaprio in the 1998 film version of The Man in the Iron Mask.

Other roles include the evil wizard Profion in the film Dungeons and Dragons (2000) and Rupert Gould in Longitude (2000). He played the Über-Morlock in the film The Time Machine (2002). In 2004, Irons played Severus Snape in Comic Relief's Harry Potter parody, "Harry Potter and the Secret Chamberpot of Azerbaijan".

In 2005, he appeared in the films Casanova opposite Heath Ledger, and Ridley Scott's Kingdom of Heaven. He has co-starred with John Malkovich in two films; The Man in the Iron Mask (1998) and Eragon (2006), though they did not have any scenes together in the latter.

In 2008, Irons co-starred with Ed Harris and Viggo Mortensen in Appaloosa, directed by Harris. In 2011, Irons appeared alongside Kevin Spacey in the thriller Margin Call.[9]

In 2013, it was announced that Irons would appear in A Magnificent Death From a Shattered Hand.[10] In 2014, Warner Bros. announced that Irons will play Alfred Pennyworth in Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice.[11]

Theatre[edit]

Irons has worked with the Royal Shakespeare Company three times in 1976, 1986–87 and 2010.[12][13] In 1984, Irons made his New York debut and won a Tony Award for his Broadway performance opposite Glenn Close in The Real Thing.

After an absence from the London stage for 18 years, in 2006 he co-starred with Patrick Malahide in Christopher Hampton's stage adaptation of Sándor Márai's novel Embers at the Duke of York's Theatre.[14]

He made his National Theatre debut playing Harold Macmillan in Never So Good, a new play by Howard Brenton which opened at the Lyttelton on 19 March 2008.[15][16]

In 2009, Irons appeared on Broadway opposite Joan Allen in the play Impressionism.[17] The play ran through 10 May 2009 at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theater.[17]

Other ventures[edit]

Audio[edit]

Irons read the audio book recording of Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited, Paulo Coelho's The Alchemist, the audio book recording of Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita (he had also appeared in the 1997 film version of the novel), and the audio book James and the Giant Peach by Roald Dahl.

One of his best known film roles has turned out to be lending his distinctive voice to Scar in The Lion King (1994) serving as the main antagonist of the film. Irons has since provided voiceovers for three Disney World attractions. He narrated the Spaceship Earth ride, housed in the large geodesic globe at Epcot, from October 1994 to July 2007. He was also the English narrator for the Studio Tram Tour: Behind the Magic at the Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris. He also voiced H.G. Wells in the English version of the former Disney attraction The Timekeeper. He also reprised his role as Scar in Fantasmic.

He is also one of the readers in the 4x CD boxed set of The Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, produced by Marc Sinden and sold in aid of the Royal Theatrical Fund.[18][19]

He was originally to star as the Phantom in a 2006 French musical adaptation of Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera, though the project was cancelled.[citation needed] He will be the narrator for Val Kilmer and Bill Pullman's Lewis and Clark film from Revolution Studios.[citation needed]

He serves as the English language version of the audio guide for Westminster Abbey in London.

Irons has served as voice-over in two big cat documentary films by National Geographic: Eye of the Leopard, which was released in 2006,[20] and The Last Lions, which was released on 18 February 2011.[21] He also currently narrates the French-produced documentary series about volcanoes, Life on Fire. The series premiered in the United States on 2 January 2013 on PBS, though the six episodes were previously released in France from 2009 to 2012 with a different, French-speaking narrator.

Music[edit]

In 1985, Irons directed a music video for Carly Simon and her heavily promoted single, "Tired of Being Blonde". In 1994, he had a cameo role in the video for Elastica's hit single "Connection".

Irons has contributed to other musical performances, recording William Walton's Façade with Dame Peggy Ashcroft, Stravinsky's The Soldier's Tale conducted by the composer, and in 1987 the songs from Lerner and Loewe's My Fair Lady with Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, released on the Decca label. Irons sang segments of "Be Prepared" in the film The Lion King. After his voice gave out during toward the end of that musical number, Jim Cummings (who voiced Ed the Hyena) took over as Scar's singing voice. He sang a selection of Noël Coward at the 1999 Last Night of the Proms in celebration of the 100th anniversary of Coward's birth. In 2003 he played Fredrik Egerman in a New York revival of Stephen Sondheim's A Little Night Music, and two years later appeared as King Arthur in Lerner and Loewe's Camelot at the Hollywood Bowl. He performed the Bob Dylan song "Make You Feel My Love" on the 2006 charity album Unexpected Dreams – Songs From the Stars.

In 2009, Irons appeared on the Touchstone album Wintercoast, recording a narrative introduction to the album.[22] Recording took place in New York City, New York in February 2009 during rehearsals for his Broadway play Impressionism.

Personal life[edit]

Kilcoe Castle, built c. 1450 by the Clan Dermod MacCarthy

Irons married Julie Hallam in 1969 and subsequently divorced.[1] He married Irish actress Sinéad Cusack on 28 March 1978.[1] They have two sons, Sam (b. 1978), who works as a photographer, and Max Irons (b. 1985), also an actor. Both of Irons's sons have appeared in films with their father – Sam as the eponymous hero in Danny, Champion of the World and Max in Being Julia. Irons' wife and children are Catholic; of himself, he has stated, "I don’t go to church much because I don’t like belonging to a club, and I don’t go to confession or anything like that, I don’t believe in it. But I try to be aware of where I fail and I occasionally go to services. I would hate to be a person who didn’t have a spiritual side because there’s nothing to nourish you in life apart from retail therapy."[23]

Irons owns Kilcoe Castle (which he had painted a rusty pink) in County Cork, Ireland,[24] and has become involved in local politics there. He also has another Irish residence in the Liberties, Dublin. Irons is a patron of the Chiltern Shakespeare Company.[25]

Irons was bestowed an Honorary-Life Membership by the University College Dublin Law Society in September 2008, in honour of his contribution to television, film, audio, music and theatre.[26][27] Also in 2008, Irons was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by Southampton Solent University.[28]

Activism[edit]

Charity work[edit]

At the 1991 Tony Awards, Irons was one of the few celebrities to wear the recently created red ribbon to support the fight against AIDS, and he was the first celebrity to wear it onscreen.[29][30] He supports a number of other charities, including the Prison Phoenix Trust and Evidence for Development, for both of which he is an active patron.[31][32][33]

In 2010, Irons starred in a promotional video[34] for The 1billionhungry project[35] – a worldwide drive to attract at least one million signatures to a petition calling on international leaders to move hunger to the top of the political agenda.[36] He also provided the narration of the documentary "Sahaya Going Beyond"[37]", about the work of the charity Sahaya International.

Politics[edit]

In 1998, Irons and his wife were named in the list of the biggest private financial donors to the Labour Party, a year after their return to government after 18 years in opposition.[38] In 2004, he publicly declared his support for the Countryside Alliance, referring to the hunting ban as an "outrageous assault on civil liberties" and "one of the two most devastating parliamentary votes in the last century".[39]

In April 2013, Irons was asked by Huffpost Live host Josh Zepps his opinion on the fight for same-sex marriage in the United States. Irons responded, "Could a father not marry his son?" Zepps responded with an argument that laws against incest prevent such a union. Irons argued that "it's not incest between men. Incest is there to protect us from inbreeding, but men don't breed," and wondered whether same-sex marriage might allow fathers to bequeath their estates to their sons to avoid taxation. On the issue of advocates calling for same-sex marriage as opposed to civil unions, he said, "It seems to me that now they're fighting for the name," and, "I worry that it means somehow we debase, or we change, what marriage is. I just worry about that."[40][41]

He later clarified his comments, saying he was providing an example of a situation that could cause a "legal quagmire" under the laws that allow same-sex marriage, and that he had been misinterpreted. He added that some gay relationships are "healthier" than their straight counterparts.[42]

Alternative medicine[edit]

He has been criticised in the British Medical Journal for his fundraising activities in support of The College of Medicine, an alternative medicine lobby group in the UK linked to Prince Charles.[43]

Work[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Following training at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre school Irons initially stayed with the company:

Year Production Role Venue
1969 The Winter's Tale Florizel Bristol Old Vic
1969 Hay Fever Simon Bristol Old Vic
1969 What the Butler Saw Nick Bristol Old Vic
1969 Major Barbara Bristol Old Vic
1969 A Servant of Two Masters Bristol Old Vic
1969 Macbeth Bristol Old Vic
1969 The Boy Friend Bristol Old Vic
1970 As You Like It Bristol Old Vic
1970 Oh! What a Lovely War Little Theatre Bristol
1970 The School for Scandal Little Theatre Bristol
1971–1973 Godspell John/Judas Roundhouse and Wyndham's Theatre
1973 The Diary of a Madman The Madman Act Inn
1974 Much Ado About Nothing Don Pedro in Young Vic
1974 The Caretaker Mick Young Vic
1975 The Taming of the Shrew Petruchio Roundhouse
1976 Wild Oats Harry Thunder Aldwych Theatre
1977 Wild Oats Harry Thunder Stratford and Piccadilly Theatre
1978 The Rear Column Jameson Globe Theatre
1984 The Real Thing Henry New York
1986 The Winter's Tale Leontes Royal Shakespeare Theatre
1986 The Rover Willmore Swan Theatre and Mermaid Theatre
1986 Richard II Richard II Royal Shakespeare Theatre
1987 Richard II Richard II Barbican Theatre
2003 A Little Night Music Fredrik Egerman New York
2005 Celebration Russell Gate Theatre and Albery Theatre
2006 Embers Henrik Duke of York's Theatre
2008 Never So Good Harold Macmillan National Theatre
2009 Impressionism Thomas Buckle Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre
2013 The Mystery Plays God Gloucester Cathedral and Worcester Cathedral

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1971 The Rivals of Sherlock Holmes Nephew George TV series (1 episode: "The Case of the Mirror of Portugal")
1974 The Pallisers Frank Tregear TV series (6 episodes)
1974 Notorious Woman Franz Liszt TV mini-series
1975 The Liberty Tree TV film
1975 Churchill's People Samuel Ross TV series (1 episode: "Liberty Tree")
1977 Love for Lydia Alex Sanderson TV series (6 episodes)
1978 BBC2 Play of the Week Otto Beck TV series (1 episode: "Langrishe Go Down")
1979 BBC Play of the Month Edward Voysey TV series (1 episode: "The Voysey Inheritance")
1980 Nijinsky Mikhail Fokine
1981 French Lieutenant's Woman, TheThe French Lieutenant's Woman Charles Henry Smithson/Mike
1981 Brideshead Revisited Charles Ryder TV mini-series (11 episodes)
1982 Moonlighting Nowak
1982 Spaceship Earth 3rd Edition Narrator Short
1983 The Captain's Doll Captain Alex Hepworth TV film
1983 Betrayal Jerry
1984 Wild Duck, TheThe Wild Duck Harold
1984 Swann in Love Charles Swann
1985 Rabbit Ears: The Steadfast Tin Soldier Storyteller Short
1986 Mission, TheThe Mission Father Gabriel
1988 Dead Ringers Beverly Mantle/Elliot Mantle
1989 Chorus of Disapproval, AA Chorus of Disapproval Guy Jones
1989 Australia Edouard Pierson
1989 Danny, the Champion of the World William Smith
1989 The Dream TV film
1990 The Civil War Various TV mini-series (9 episodes)
1990 Reversal of Fortune Claus von Bülow
1991 Beggar's Opera, TheThe Beggar's Opera Prisoner
1991 Kafka Kafka
1991 Saturday Night Live Host TV series (1 episode: "Jeremy Irons/Fishbone")
1992 Timekeeper, TheThe Timekeeper H.G. Wells Short
1992 Waterland Tom Crick
1992 Performance Odon Von Horvath TV series (1 episode: "Tales from Hollywood")
1992 Damage Dr. Stephen Fleming
1993 M. Butterfly René Gallimard
1993 House of the Spirits, TheThe House of the Spirits Esteban Trueba
1994 Spaceship Earth Narrator
1994 Lion King, TheThe Lion King Scar (voice)
1995 Die Hard with a Vengeance Simon Gruber
1996 The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century Siegfried Sassoon TV series (3 episodes)
1996 Stealing Beauty Alex
1997 Chinese Box John
1997 Lolita Humbert Humbert
1998 Man in the Iron Mask, TheThe Man in the Iron Mask Aramis
1999 Faeries The Shapeshifter (voice)
1999 Islands of Adventure: Poseidon's Fury: Escape from the Lost City Poseidon (voice) Short
2000 Dungeons & Dragons Profion
2000 Longitude Rupert Gould TV series (4 episodes)
2000 Ohio Impromptu Reader/Listener Short
2001 The Short Life of Anne Frank Narrator Dutch TV documentary
2001 Fourth Angel, TheThe Fourth Angel Jack Elgin
2002 Callas Forever Larry Kelly
2002 Last Call F. Scott Fitzgerald TV film
2002 Time Machine, TheThe Time Machine Über-Morlock
2002 And Now... Ladies and Gentlemen Valentin Valentin
2003 Freedom: A History of Us King James I/Lord Grey/Thomas Paine TV series (3 episodes)
2003 Comic Relief 2003: The Big Hair Do Snape TV film
2004 Mathilde Col. De Petris
2004 Merchant of Venice, TheThe Merchant of Venice Antonio
2004 Being Julia Michael Gosselyn
2005 Kingdom of Heaven Tiberias
2005 Casanova Pucci
2005 Elizabeth I Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester TV mini-series
2005 Once Upon a Halloween Cauldron (voice) Video
2006 Inland Empire Kingsley Stewart
2006 Eragon Brom
2008 Colour of Magic, TheThe Colour of Magic Havelock Vetinari TV film
2008 Appaloosa Randall Bragg
2009 The Magic 7 Thraxx (voice) TV film
2009 Pink Panther 2, TheThe Pink Panther 2 Alonso Avellaneda
2009 Georgia O'Keeffe Alfred Stieglitz TV film
2011 Margin Call John Tuld
2011 The Last Lions Narrator
2011 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Dr. Cap Jackson TV series (2 episodes)
2011–2013 Borgias, TheThe Borgias Rodrigo Borgia TV series (29 episodes)
2012 The Words The Old Man
2012 Trashed Himself
2012 The Simpsons Bar Rag (voice) TV series (1 episode: "Moe Goes from Rags to Riches")
2012 Henry IV Part I and Part II Henry IV
2013 Life on Fire Narrator TV documentary series (6 episodes)
2013 Night Train to Lisbon Raimund Gregorius
2013 Beautiful Creatures Macon Ravenwood
2015 High Rise Anthony Royal
2015 Race Filming
2016 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Alfred Pennyworth Filming

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Work Result
1981 BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role The French Lieutenant's Woman Nominated
1981 British Academy Television Award for Best Actor Brideshead Revisited Nominated
1981 Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie Brideshead Revisited Nominated
1981 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Brideshead Revisited Nominated
1986 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama The Mission Nominated
1988 Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Dead Ringers Won
1988 Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Dead Ringers Won
1988 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor Dead Ringers Won
1988 Saturn Award for Best Actor Dead Ringers Nominated
1990 Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign Actor Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Reversal of Fortune Won
1990 National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor Reversal of Fortune Won
1994 Annie Award for Best Achievement for Voice Acting The Lion King Won
1994 MTV Movie Award for Best Villain The Lion King Nominated
1996 Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Stealing Beauty Nominated
1997 Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century: War Without End Won
2004 Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Being Julia Nominated
2005 Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television Elizabeth I Won
2005 Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Movie Elizabeth I Won
2006 Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie Elizabeth I Won
2009 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Georgia O'Keeffe Nominated
2011 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama The Borgias Nominated
2014 Emmy Award for Outstanding Narrator Game of Lions Won

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Jeremy Irons Biography (1948–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "WDYTYA? Series Three: Celebrity Gallery". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Stanley Green's Encyclopaedia of the Musical, Cassell (1976)
  4. ^ Hoggard, Liz (30 September 2006). "Jeremy Irons: The fire in irons". The Independent (London). Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "BBC One Fall 2006". www.bbc.co.uk (Press release). Retrieved 18 July 2006. 
  6. ^ Lifetime to Paint Bio of Georgia O'Keeffe" TV Guide. 6 November 2008. Retrieved on 7 November 2008.
  7. ^ "SVU Scoop: Oscar Winner Jeremy Irons to Guest-Star". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Jeremy Irons on Playing the Pope for 'The Borgias' & the Trouble With Wearing Pants (VIDEO)". Weblogs, Inc. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  9. ^ Kay, Jeremy (25 January 2011). "Margin Call is a fine crash movie, but no banker". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Giroux, Jack (12 July 2012). "A Possibly Retiring Thomas Jane Adds Nick Nolte and Jeremy Irons to His 'A Magnificent Death From a Shattered Hand'". Film School Rejects. 
  11. ^ "Jesse Eisenberg and Jeremy Irons Join the Cast of Warner Bros. Pictures’ Untitled Superman/Batman Film from Director Zack Snyder". Business Wire. 31 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Trowbridge, Simon. The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the Royal Shakespeare Company, Oxford: Editions Albert Creed (2010) ISBN 978-0-9559830-2-3
  13. ^ "The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the RSC: Supplementary Material". Stratfordians.org.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  14. ^ Thaxter, John (6 March 2006). "The Stage review of ''Embers''". Thestage.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  15. ^ Lalayn Baluch (16 January 2008). "The Stage / News / Irons to play Harold Macmillian in National debut". Thestage.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "Productions : Never So Good". National Theatre. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Impressionism." New York Times. Accessed 8 April 2009.
  18. ^ "Jeremy Irons contributes to new Oscar Wilde audio CD". 
  19. ^ "The Royal Theatrical Fund – Helping and Supporting Theatrical Artists, Stage Actors, Television Actors, Film Actors and associated professions". Trtf.com. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  20. ^ Eye of the Leopard at the Internet Movie Database
  21. ^ "The Last Lions – Official Movie Site – National Geographic Movies". Movies.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Touchstone – Wintercoast 2009". www.touchstonemusic.co.uk (Press release). Retrieved 28 March 2009. 
  23. ^ Lipworth, Elaine (14 May 2005). "King of all his castles". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 9 September 2010. "...their sons Sam, 27, and Max, 19." 
  24. ^ Doyle, Andrew. "The best of Jeremy Irons in Limerick". Limerick.Today.ie. 
  25. ^ "de beste bron van informatie over chiltern shakespeare. Deze website is te koop!". chiltern-shakespeare.org. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  26. ^ "Jeremy Irons honoured by UCD Law Society". University College Dublin (Dublin). 11 September 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  27. ^ "Jeremy Irons at UCD". YouTube (Dublin). Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  28. ^ "Jeremy Irons receives honorary degree". Southampton Solent University. 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "World Aids Day". www.worldaidsday.org. Retrieved 1 December 2007. 
  30. ^ Wrench, Nigel (7 November 2003). "Why a Red Ribbon means Aids". www.bbb.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2007. 
  31. ^ "Prison Phoenix Trust". www.prisonphoenixtrust.org.uk. Retrieved 10 November 2006. 
  32. ^ "Evidence for Development - Jeremy Irons". www.evidencefordevelopment.org. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "Jeremy Irons supports Evidence for Development". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  34. ^ "Sign the petition to end hunger now". YouTube. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  35. ^ 1billionhungry.org
  36. ^ "1billionhungry.org". Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  37. ^ "Sahaya Going Beyond". www.sahayagoingbeyond.org. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  38. ^ "'Luvvies' for Labour". BBC News. 30 August 1998. Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  39. ^ Adams, Guy (1 December 2004). "Irons to lead the field in battle against hunting ban". London: The Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  40. ^ Shea, Danny (3 April 2013). "Jeremy Irons On Gay Marriage: 'Could A Father Not Marry His Son?' (VIDEO)". www.huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  41. ^ "Jeremy Iron's bizarre objection to gay marriage". The Guardian (London). 5 April 2013. 
  42. ^ "Jeremy Irons clarifies gay marriage comments". 3 News NZ. 8 April 2013. 
  43. ^ Jane Cassidy (15 June 2011). "Lobby Watch: The College of Medicine". British Medical Journal 343. doi:10.1136/bmj.d3712. PMID 21677014. 

External links[edit]