New York State Route 25

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jericho Turnpike)
Jump to: navigation, search
"NY 25" redirects here. NY 25 may also refer to New York's 25th congressional district.

NYS Route 25 marker

NYS Route 25
Map of Long Island with NY 25 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT, NYCDOT and the village of Greenport
Length: 105.07 mi[3] (169.09 km)
Existed: mid-1920s[1][2] – present
Major junctions
West end: Second Avenue in Manhattan
  I-278 in Woodside
I-495 in Rego Park
Jackie Robinson Pkwy. in Kew Gardens
I-678 in Kew Gardens
I-295 in Hollis Hills
Cross Island Pkwy. in Queens Village
Northern State Pkwy. in Mineola
I-495 in Westbury
Sunken Meadow Pkwy. in Commack
I-495 in Calverton
East end: Orient Point ferry landing in Orient
Location
Counties: New York, Queens, Nassau, Suffolk
Highway system
NY 24 NY 25A

New York State Route 25 (NY 25) is an east–west state highway in downstate New York in the United States. The route extends for just over 105 miles (169 km) from east midtown Manhattan in New York City to the Cross Sound Ferry terminal at Orient Point on the end of Long Island's North Fork. NY 25 is carried from Manhattan to Queens by way of the double-decked Queensboro Bridge over the East River. The bridge is the only double-decked portion of NY 25.

NY 25 has many names. In the borough of Queens, it is called Queens Boulevard, Hillside Avenue and finally Braddock Avenue. Braddock Avenue ends right after crossing over the Cross Island Parkway. At that time, NY 25 turns east onto Jericho Turnpike, which runs along the Queens-Nassau border from Braddock Avenue to 257th street. Continuing east through Nassau and western Suffolk counties, NY 25 is still referred to as Jericho Turnpike. Then, the highway changes names to Main Street in Smithtown, Middle Country Road in central Suffolk, Main Street again in Riverhead, and finally Main Road in eastern Suffolk.

Two alternate routings exist bearing the designation NY 25 Truck, both along the North Fork of Long Island. They began as two separate routes, one between Laurel and Mattituck and another in the vicinity of Greenport; however, they were effectively merged after a truck route was established between Mattituck and Greenport.

Route description[edit]

New York City[edit]

NY 25 begins near Second Avenue in Manhattan, at the western end of the double-decked Queensboro Bridge crossing over the East River and Roosevelt Island. East of the bridge, NY 25 becomes Queens Boulevard at the intersection with NY 25A, in the Long Island City section of the borough of Queens. Queens and Queensboro plazas are based on this section of the road.

In Long Island City, NY 25 runs southeast beneath the elevated tracks of the IRT Flushing Line. At Thompson Avenue, the route turns to run eastward as the multi-lane divided Queens Boulevard. In Woodside, NY 25 meets Interstate 278 (I-278) at exit 39. In Corona, the road intersects I-495 and the northern terminus of Woodhaven Boulevard.

Outside of Rego Park, NY 25 turns slightly southeast towards Forest Hills and Jamaica. In Kew Gardens, the route is connected to the westbound and eastbound roadways of Union Turnpike and passes over the Jackie Robinson Parkway without access. Near Jamaica, the road meets I-678 at exit 9, a partial interchange. Three blocks southeast of I-678, NY 25 turns east and is known as Hillside Avenue, a city street that begins in Richmond Hill near the site of the former LIRR station. This roadway of NY 25 is undivided but has several lanes in the Jamaica-Hollis area. In Queens Village, the route connects with both I-295 and NY 24 at an interchange that serves as NY 24's western end and I-295's southern terminus. East of I-295, NY 25 intersects the western terminus of NY 25B; NY 25 turns southeast onto Braddock Avenue while NY 25B continues as Hillside Avenue.

NY 135 exit on NY 25.

In Bellerose, the roadway passes over the Cross Island Parkway and turns east onto Jericho Turnpike. This section until just before 257th Street is the border between the Bellerose and Floral Park neighborhoods of Queens to the north and the villages of Bellerose and Floral Park in Nassau County to the south. The westbound lanes are in New York City, while the eastbound lanes are in Nassau County.[4] Throughout most of its route in New York City, NY 25 is one of the most important to commuters in the borough of Queens.

Long Island east of New York City[edit]

NY 25B and Hillside Avenue merge into NY 25 in Mineola.[5] NY 25 continues as a divided highway again and parallels the Northern State Parkway along the northern portion of Long Island. NY 25 intersects with the Long Island Expressway once again in Jericho. NY 106 and NY 107 interchange with NY 25 in downtown Jericho, however the exit is not numbered.[6]

The northern end of the Seaford–Oyster Bay Expressway (NY 135) comes at NY 25 in Syosset. NY 110 intersects at the 32.76 miles (52.72 km) mark, in South Huntington. NY 454 begins at an intersection with NY 25 in Commack.[7] Just after the NY 454 intersection, NY 25 meets the Sunken Meadow State Parkway by way of an interchange. NY 25A, a spur of NY 25, becomes concurrent with NY 25 in Smithtown.[8] In Village of the Branch, NY 25A leaves to the north when NY 111 intersects from the south. New York State Bicycle Route 25 (NYS Bike Route 25) also begins along NY 25A at this intersection.

NY 347 intersects at 47.93 miles (77.14 km) in Nesconset. In Coram, NY 25 intersects with NY 112. NY 25A comes to an end at NY 25 in Calverton, and NYS Bike Route 25 joins NY 25 on its way to Orient Point, with occasional diversions in Riverhead, Aquebogue, and Greenport. Four miles (6 km) later, NY 25 encounters the Long Island Expressway one final time at another interchange. 20 miles (32 km) later, in Greenport, NY 25 intersects with NY 114 at its northern terminus.[9] NY 25 continues on the northeastern end of Long Island for the final ten miles (16 km). NY 25 enters Orient and comes to an end at the Orient Point Ferry Landing. An attraction along NY 25 in Orient is Orient Beach State Park.[10]

History[edit]

NY 25 and 25A overlap in Smithtown.

NY 25 was assigned in the mid-1920s along all of what is now NY 25A east of the New York City line and its current alignment from the modern east end of NY 25A to Greenport. At the time, the section of modern NY 25 between the New York City line and Smithtown was state-maintained but unnumbered.[1][2] It was designated as NY 25A c. 1927.[2][11] In the late 1920s, NY 25 was realigned to follow Jericho Turnpike and Middle Country Road between Smithtown and Riverhead while its former alignment to the north became part of NY 25A.[2][12] In the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, the routings of NY 25 and NY 25A were flipped west of Smithtown, placing both routes on their current alignments.[12] NY 25 was extended east to Orient Point c. 1932.[13][14]

NY 25 was one of several routes that was extended west into New York City in mid-December 1934 when the city signed routes within its limits for the first time. The route followed Jericho Turnpike, Braddock Avenue, Springfield Boulevard, Horace Harding Boulevard, and several smaller streets (including Corona, Woodside, and Skillman Avenues) westward to Queens Boulevard, then part of NY 24. NY 25 joined NY 24 here, overlapping NY 24 (and NY 25A west of Northern Boulevard) along Queens Boulevard and across the Queensboro Bridge into Manhattan. The three routes continued west for several more blocks along 2nd Avenue and 57th Street to Park Avenue (then NY 22 and NY 100), where NY 24, NY 25, and NY 25A all ended. At the time, the segment of modern NY 25 between Skillman Avenue and 212th Street was part of NY 24.[15]

The overlaps with both NY 24 and NY 25A into Manhattan were eventually eliminated. In the mid-1940s, NY 24 was realigned to enter Manhattan by way of the Queens–Midtown Tunnel. As a result, NY 24 now left NY 25 at what is now exit 36 on the Brooklyn–Queens Expressway.[16][17] The overlap with NY 25A was removed by 1952 after that route was truncated to the intersection of Northern and Queens Boulevards.[18] NY 25 continued to extend into Manhattan until the mid-1960s when NY 22 was truncated to end in the North Bronx. NY 25 was truncated to end in Queens as a result.[19][20] It was reextended across the Queensboro Bridge on January 1, 1970, to a new terminus at FDR Drive.[21]

New York City and vicinity[edit]

NY 25 has been realigned several times within the New York City limits. In the late 1930s, NY 25 was realigned to follow Queens Boulevard (NY 24) from Skillman Avenue to Horace Harding Boulevard, where NY 25 turned eastward to follow Horace Harding Boulevard back to its original alignment at Corona Avenue.[22][23] The route was altered again in the early 1940s to follow an even more southerly alignment between Horace Harding and Springfield Boulevards via Queens Boulevard and Union Turnpike.[16][23] NY 25 went unchanged until January 1, 1970, when NY 24 was truncated to begin at the junction of 212th Street and Hillside Avenue. NY 24's former alignment along Queens Boulevard and Hillside Avenue became part of a realigned NY 25, which also used a previously unnumbered segment of Hillside Avenue between 212th Street and Braddock Avenue.[21][24]

From 1920 to 2005, the section of NY 25 that forms the border between New York City and Nassau County was simultaneously named Jamaica Avenue on the westbound (Queens, New York City) side and Jericho Turnpike on the eastbound (Nassau County) side.[25] Some map makers only showed one of the names.[26] The confusion ended where the road wholly entered Nassau County and thus became Jericho Turnpike in both directions. Similarly, both sides of the road west of Braddock Avenue (where NY 25 splits off to the northwest) were known as Jamaica Avenue even though the south side is still the Nassau County border until 225th Street. Legislation renaming the westbound side of NY 25 between Braddock Avenue and the Nassau County line as Jericho Turnpike was signed into law by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg on June 6, 2005, and took effect on September 4.[25]

Former segments[edit]

Many former segments of the roads NY 25 follows exist along the current alignment, with most prefaced by the word "Old" in the road name. Within Jericho, Old Jericho Turnpike parallels the current road from a point east of the NY 106NY 107 interchange and Marian Lane, where the old alignment merges with the current NY 25.[6] Smithtown contains a former segment in the vicinity of the Nissequogue River with a bridge and former right-of-way that still exists today.[27] In Coram, an old alignment of Middle Country Road (NY 25) extends from east of Paul's Path to Grant Smith Road.[28] The road, however, is discontinuous at NY 112.[29] At Middle Island, a former segment of Middle Country Road exists east of Church Lane and north of Bartlett Pond and runs to Robin Drive in Middle Island, where it rejoins NY 25. Another former segment used to dip south to avoid a small lake to the north.[30] A small segment of the road remains intact as Old Middle Country Road from Picaso Way to Woodville Road.[31] Prior to the construction of Picaso Way and the cluster developments it leads to, this section of Old Middle Country Road connected to the existing section at its west end, the stub of which can still be found.[32]

Near Riverhead, Middle Country Road once followed a parallel roadway to the south of the current roadway between River Road and Forge Road.[33] Although some of this section has been dismantled, a portion still exists as modern Forge Road from the Peconic River Bridge to Kroemer Avenue.[34]In Laurel, New York (Southold township), A quarter mile section was rerouted past the town hamlet of Laurel in a more direct and striaght manner. The old section became Franklinville Road which connects to NY 25 at both ends of the 1/4 mile bypass. In Mattituck, an old alignment of Main Road (NY 25) exists as Old Main Road from Bray Avenue to west of Sigsbee Road. Southwest of Southold, Main Road originally followed the length of Lower Road and Ackerly Pond Lane between Lower Road and Main Road.[citation needed] To the northeast of the community, another former segment remains intact as Old Main Road between Budd's Pond and Mill Creek to Hashamomuck Pond.[35]

East of Greenport, a former alignment of Main Road is located between the creek from Silver Lake and Silvermere Road.[33] In Orient, two former routings of Main Road exist, both in the vicinity of Bight Road. The first, a loop connecting Grandview Drive to NY 25, is located west of Bight Road. The second, a loop providing access to Whalers Road from NY 25, is west of Charles Rose Airport.[36]

Reconstruction and widening projects[edit]

In the early 1970s, the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) wanted to install frontage roads along a divided NY 25 between Nesconset and Lake Grove as part of a proposed upgrade of NY 347 into a limited-access highway.[37]

In the 1960s and 1970s, NYSDOT wanted to realign both NY 112 and NY 25 in Coram. The realignment and widening of NY 25 was to take place between NY 112 and Winfield Davis Road.[38][clarification needed]

Suffixed routes[edit]

NY 25 once had as many as four suffixed routes; two no longer exist.

NY 25 Truck[edit]


NYS Route 25 Truck
Location: LaurelGreenport

There are two separate routes designated NY 25 Truck on the North Fork of Long Island. The longest of the two routes roughly parallels NY 25 along Franklinville Road, Aldrich Lane, Sound Avenue, and County Route 48 (CR 48) between Laurel and Greenport, while the other follows the north–south Moore's Lane between NY 25 and the east–west truck route just west of Greenport. Together, they bypass a low railroad bridge that carries the Main Line of the Long Island Rail Road over NY 25 in Laurel and narrow historic streets in Greenport.

The two routes were originally distinct highways that did not connect to one another. The truck route along Franklinville Road, Aldrich Lane, and Sound Avenue began as a route between Laurel and Mattituck, which followed Old Sound Avenue at its east end. The other NY 25 Truck began west of Greenport at the junction of NY 25 and Moore's Lane and followed Moore's Lane and CR 48 northeast to NY 25 north of the village. At some point, the section of CR 48 between Mattituck and Greenport was also posted as NY 25 Truck, effectively merging the two routes while retaining the north–south leg of the Greenport truck route along Moore's Lane.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[3] km Destinations Notes
New York Manhattan 0.00 0.00 2nd Avenue south / 60th Street west Western terminus of the Lower Level
0.00 0.00 To FDR Drive / 1st Avenue north Western terminus of the Upper Level
East River 0.48 0.77 Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge
Queens Long Island City 1.62 2.61 Queensboro Bridge Upper Level Western terminus of the Upper Level
1.62 2.61 NY 25A (Jackson Avenue west / Northern Boulevard east)
Woodside 3.83 6.16 I-278 (Brooklyn-Queens Expressway) – RFK Bridge, Verrazano Bridge Exit 39 (I-278)
Rego Park I-495 (Long Island Expressway) – Midtown Tunnel, Eastern Long Island Exit 19 (I-495)
Kew Gardens 7.99 12.86 Jackie Robinson Pkwy Shield.svg Union Turnpike to Jackie Robinson Parkway Exit 7 (Jackie Robinson Parkway)
8.59 13.82 I-678 south (Van Wyck Expressway) – Kennedy Airport Exit 9 (I-678)
Hollis Hills I-295 north (Clearview Expressway) / 212th Street (NY 24 east) – Throgs Neck Bridge, Grand Central Parkway Southern terminus of I-295; western terminus of NY 24 (western segment)
Queens Village 13.37 21.52 NY 25B east / Springfield Boulevard Western terminus of NY 25B
14.43 23.22 Cross Island Pkwy. – Verrazano Bridge, Whitestone Bridge Exit 27 (Cross Island Parkway)
Nassau Mineola 20.22 32.54 Northern State Pkwy. west – New York Westbound exit only
20.27 32.62 Northern Pkwy Shield.svg Glen Cove Road to Northern State Parkway east / Meadowbrook Parkway south Exit 31 (Northern State Parkway)
20.76 33.41 NY 25B west – East Williston Interchange; Eastern terminus of NY 25B
Westbury 22.25 35.81 Northern Pkwy Shield.svg Post Avenue to Northern State Parkway
24.54 39.49 I-495 – New York, Riverhead Exit 40 (I-495)
Jericho 25.40 40.88 NY 106 / NY 107 – Hicksville, Oyster Bay, Glen Cove Cloverleaf interchange with no exit numbers
Syosset 28.25 45.46 NY 135 south – Seaford Northern terminus of NY 135
Suffolk Huntington Station 32.76 52.72 NY 110
35.44 57.04 CR 35 to Northern State Pkwy.
CR 66 south to Northern State Pkwy. Northern terminus of CR 66
Commack 39.58 63.70 NY 454 east / CR 4 – Hauppauge, Patchogue Western terminus of NY 454
39.88 64.18 Sunken Meadow Pkwy. – Bay Shore, Sunken Meadow Park Exit SM3 (Sunken Meadow Parkway)
Smithtown 43.80 70.49 NY 25A west Western terminus of concurrency with NY 25A
Village of the Branch 45.15 72.66 NY 25A east / NY 111 south – Hauppauge, Stony Brook, Port Jefferson Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 25A overlap; northern terminus of NY 111
CR 16 east (Terry Road) Western terminus of CR 16
Nesconset 47.93 77.14 NY 347 – Hauppauge, Port Jefferson
Centereach 51.92 83.56 CR 97 – Stony Brook, Blue Point First single-point urban interchange in New York State[43]
Selden 54.25 87.31 CR 83 – Patchogue, Mount Sinai
Coram 55.10 88.67 NY 112 – Medford, Patchogue
Middle Island 58.48 94.11 CR 21 (Rocky Point Road)
Ridge 61.63 99.18 CR 46 – Wading River, Smith Point Park Cloverleaf interchange with no exit numbers
Calverton
Wading River line
66.85 107.58 NY 25A west – Wading River, Port Jefferson Eastern terminus of NY 25A
Calverton 70.05 112.73 CR 58 east (Old Country Road) – Greenport, Orient Western terminus of CR 58
70.57 113.57 I-495 west – New York Exit 72 (I-495)
Community of Riverhead 73.85 118.85 To NY 24 / CR 104 – Montauk Formerly NY 113
75.55 121.59 CR 58 west (Old Country Road) to I-495 Eastern terminus of CR 58
Aquebogue 75.95 122.23 CR 105
Greenport 95.68 153.98 NY 114 south Northern terminus of NY 114
96.82 155.82
CR 48 / NY 25 Truck west – Mattituck
Eastern terminus of CR 48 and Truck NY 25
Orient Point 105.07 169.09 Orient Point ferry landing Ferries serve Fisher's Island, NY and New London, CT
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e State of New York Department of Public Works (1926). Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  3. ^ a b c d "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 154–157. Retrieved January 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ Google Inc. "Route 25 in New York City". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&time=&date=&ttype=&q=Queens+Blvd,+New+York+City&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=28.334641,59.765625&ie=UTF8&ll=40.746217,-73.86795&spn=0.105602,0.233459&z=12&om=1. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  5. ^ Google Inc. "Route 25 in Mineola, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Rte+25,+Mineola,+New+York,+United+States&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  6. ^ a b Google Inc. "Route 25 in Jericho, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Rte+25,+Jericho,+New+York,+United+States&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  7. ^ Google Inc. "Route 25 in Commack, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Rte+25,+Commack,+New+York,+United+States&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  8. ^ Google Inc. "Route 25 in Smithtown, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Rte+25,+Smithtown,+New+York,+United+States&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  9. ^ Google Inc. "Route 25 in Greenport, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Rte+25,+Greenport,+New+York,+United+States&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved October 11, 2007.
  10. ^ "Orient Beach State Park". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Standard Oil Company of New York (1927). Road Map of New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  12. ^ a b Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  13. ^ Kendall Refining Company (1931). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company.
  14. ^ a b Texas Oil Company (1932). Texaco Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  15. ^ a b "Mark Ways in the City". The New York Times. December 16, 1934. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Esso (1942). New York with Pictorial Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  17. ^ State of New York Department of Public Works. Official Highway Map of New York State (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1947–48 ed.).
  18. ^ Sunoco (1952). New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  19. ^ Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  20. ^ H.M. Gousha Company (1967). Gousha Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. p. 56. http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Midatlantic/NewYork/NewYorkCity/gousha_ra_1967_038.html. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
  21. ^ a b c State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  22. ^ Esso (1938). New York Road Map for 1938 (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  23. ^ a b Esso (1940). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  24. ^ State of New York Department of Commerce (1969). New York State Highways (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  25. ^ a b "Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg Signs Legislation Renaming Jamaica Avenue Jericho Turnpike" (Press release). New York City. June 6, 2005. Retrieved January 28, 2010. 
  26. ^ Mapquest. Bellerose, NY (Map). http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?country=us&zoom=5&size=big&city=Bellerose&state=NY&zip=11426#a/maps/m::12:40.724216:-73.716226:0:::::/e. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
  27. ^ GoogleMaps satellite image saved on ImageShack
  28. ^ United States Geological Survey (1904). New York (Suffolk County) – Setauket Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). http://historical.maptech.com/getImage.cfm?fname=seta04ne.jpg&state=NY. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  29. ^ Google Inc. "Coram, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?ie=UTF8&ll=40.869797,-73.003035&spn=0.005793,0.014334&z=17&om=1. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  30. ^ United States Geological Survey (1903). New York (Suffolk County) – Moriches Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). http://historical.maptech.com/getImage.cfm?fname=mori03nw.jpg&state=NY. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  31. ^ Google Inc. "Middle Island, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?ie=UTF8&ll=40.885689,-72.928426&spn=0.005791,0.014334&z=17&om=1. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  32. ^ Google Inc. "Middle Island, New York". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=40.885689,-72.928426&spn=0.002977,0.006958&t=h&z=18. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
  33. ^ a b H.M. Gousha Company (1941). Eastern Suffolk County (Map). http://www.nycroads.com/history/1941_metro-8/. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
  34. ^ Google Inc. "Riverhead, NY". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?ie=UTF8&ll=40.916237,-72.712154&spn=0.011577,0.028667&z=16&om=1. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  35. ^ United States Geological Survey (1904). New York (Suffolk County) – Shelter Island Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). http://historical.maptech.com/getImage.cfm?fname=shli04sw.jpg&state=NY. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  36. ^ United States Geological Survey (1904). New York (Suffolk County) – Shelter Island Quadrangle (Map). 1 : 62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). http://historical.maptech.com/getImage.cfm?fname=shli04ne.jpg&state=NY. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  37. ^ Proposed Improvements; Route 347 Veterans Memorial Highway to Route 25A/Route 25 Sunny Drive to Hawkins Avenue (pamphlet). New York State Department of Transportation. 1973. 
  38. ^ Town of Brookhaven Zoning Maps
  39. ^ Sun Oil Company (1935). Road Map & Historical Guide – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  40. ^ a b Texas Oil Company (1933). Texaco Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  41. ^ Shell Oil Company (1936). Road Map – Metropolitan New York and Long Island (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company.
  42. ^ Anderson, Steve. "State Roads on Long Island". NYCRoads. Retrieved March 3, 2008. 
  43. ^ Anderson, Steve. "Nicolls Road". NYCRoads. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 

External links[edit]